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Enhanced adsorption of Cr(VI), Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using modified Eichhornia crassipes and Lemna minor

  • Uma Maheswari Balasubramanian
  • Sivakumar Vaiyazhipalayam MurugaiyanEmail author
  • Thirumarimurugan Marimuthu
Advances and Challenges for Sustainable Ecosystems
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Abstract

The environment is seriously affected by the release of hazardous heavy metals from the industries. The transformation of aquatic weeds into valuable nanosorbent has been considered as effective and efficient material in the wastewater treatment process. The aim of the study is to analyze the potential of nano-EC and nano-LM for the removal of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) ions. The characteristics of nanosorbent were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer Emmett-Teller analysis (BET), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. Adsorptive performance of nanosorbent was studied with respect to pH, contact time, nano adsorbent dosage, and metal ion concentration. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) with respect to nano-EC was found to be 79.04 mgg−1 and 85.09 mgg−1, respectively. Adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies were performed and it was reported that adsorption isotherm follows Langmuir model with regression coefficient R2 > 0.9 for nano-EC and nano-LM respectively. The pseudo-second order model was found to fit well with experimental data. Experimental results suggested that nano-EC can be considered as a suitable nanosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) ions from effluents.

Keywords

Heavy metal Nanosorbent Eichhornia crassipes Lemna minor Adsorption Isotherm Kinetics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors convey sincere thanks to the Management and Principal of Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, for supporting this project through the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP-III) fund.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uma Maheswari Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • Sivakumar Vaiyazhipalayam Murugaiyan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thirumarimurugan Marimuthu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringCoimbatore Institute of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia

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