Neutral polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances in surface water and sediment from the Haihe River and Dagu Drainage Canal deserve more attention

  • Xia Hua
  • Jianbo Luo
  • Zhen ZhaoEmail author
  • Qi Wang
  • Hongwen Sun
Research Article


Neutral polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances (nPFASs) were detected in the surface water and sediment from the Haihe River (HR) and Dagu Drainage Canal (DDC), Tianjin, China. N-methyl perfluorooctane sulfonamide ethanol (MeFOSE) and N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamide ethanol (EtFOSE) were the predominant nPFASs in surface water and sediment, which was different from the composition in air. The concentrations of ΣnPFASs in water from the HR (1.88–8.21 ng/L) were lower than those from the DDC (3.72–11.32 ng/L). Concentrations of ΣnPFASs were higher in the middle of the HR in the Dongli District due to industrial activity, whereas at lower reaches of the DDC, high ΣnPFAS concentrations might be due to effluent from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The detection frequency in sediment (13.5%) was less than that in water (83%). The concentrations in sediment from the DDC (below limit of qualification (LOQ) to 5.58 ng/g) were higher than those from the HR (below LOQ to 2.46 ng/g). The distribution coefficient (log KD) between water and sediment was calculated, and they were highly related to the compound structures. The contribution of nPFASs to nPFASs+PFAAs was up to 52% in sediment in the DDC, suggesting the importance of nPFASs in aquatic systems.


Neutral polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances Surface water and sediment Haihe River Dagu Drainage Canal 


Funding information

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41603101 and No.41573097).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOE Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of Fishery SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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