Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 31, pp 31632–31643 | Cite as

Do renewable energy consumption and service industry development contribute to CO2 emissions reduction in BRICS countries?

  • Yue-Jun ZhangEmail author
  • Wei Wang
Research Article


In recent years, BRICS countries have attached great importance to renewable energy development and actively promoted the shift of economic structure towards service industry, in order to achieve the decoupling of economic development from carbon emissions. However, relevant studies mostly neglect the cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity issues, which may cause biased results. Therefore, this paper selects the panel data of BRICS countries during 1996–2017 and employs the common correlated effects mean group (CCEMG) method, which are based on the cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity assumptions, to explore the influence of renewable energy consumption and service industry development on CO2 emissions in BRICS countries. Besides, we also use the random effects model and pooled estimated generalized least squares model, as well as fully modified OLS model for comparison. The results indicate that enhancing the proportion of renewable energy consumption in the total energy consumption is an effective measure to reduce CO2 emissions in BRICS countries. Moreover, the steadily rising contribution of service industry to economic growth in BRICS countries during the sample period does not necessarily contribute to reduce CO2 emissions.


BRICS countries Renewable energy consumption Service industry development CO2 emissions Cross-sectional dependence Heterogeneity 


Funding information

The authors received financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 71774051), the National Program for Support of Top-notch Young Professionals (no. W02070325), Changjiang Scholars Program of the Ministry of Education of China (no. Q2016154), Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of Hunan province (No. 2018JJ1010), and Hunan Youth Talent Program.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Business SchoolHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Center for Resource and Environmental ManagementHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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