Advertisement

High adsorptive potential of calcined magnetic biochar derived from banana peels for Cu2+, Hg2+, and Zn2+ ions removal in single and ternary systems

  • Akeem Adeyemi OladipoEmail author
  • Edith Odinaka Ahaka
  • Mustafa Gazi
Research Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The use of banana peel as a sustainable and low-cost precursor for the fabrication of effective biochar was exploited. Here, calcined magnetic biochar (CMB) was fabricated and characterized. CMB possesses surface acidic functional groups (–OH and COO), porous structures, high saturation magnetization (39.55 emu/g), and larger surface area than the non-magnetic biochar (CB). The CMB adsorption performance (72.8, 75.9, and 83.4 mg/g for Zn2+, Cu2+, and Hg2+, respectively at pH 6) in a single component was described suitably by pseudo-second order kinetic model, Langmuir, and Redlich-Peterson adsorption isotherms. Notably, the selectivity factor values in the extended Langmuir isotherm indicated that CMB has higher adsorption affinity toward Hg2+ than Cu2+ and Zn2+ in the multi-component system. Owing to its high adsorption efficiency and fast and easy separation, the calcined magnetic biochar is considered promising and effective for the purification of heavy metal–bearing wastewater.

Keywords

Banana peel Magnetic biochar Competitive ternary adsorption Heavy metal Kinetics 

Notes

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6321_MOESM1_ESM.docx (55 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 55 kb)

References

  1. Ahmad T, Danish M (2018) Prospects of banana waste utilization in wastewater treatment: a review. J Environ Manag 206:330–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad Z, Gao B, Mosa A, Yu H, Yin X, Bashir A, Ghoveisi H, Wang S (2018) Removal of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by biochars derived from potassium-rich biomass. J Clean Prod 180:437–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouhamed F, Elouear Z, Bouzid J, Ouddane B (2016) Multi-component adsorption of copper, nickel and zinc from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon prepared from date stones. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:15801–15806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ali A, Saeed K (2015) Phenol removal from aqueous medium using chemically modified banana peels as low-cost adsorbent. Desal Water Treat 57:11242–11254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cataldo S, Gianguzza A, Pettignano A, Villaescusa I (2013) Mercury(II) removal from aqueous solution by sorption onto alginate, pectate and polygalacturonate calcium gel beads. A kinetic and speciation based equilibrium study. React Funct Polym 73:207–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cutillas-Barreiro L, Paradelo R, Igrexas-Soto A, Núñez-Delgado A, Fernández-Sanjurjo MJ, Álvarez-Rodriguez E, Garrote G, Nóvoa-Muñoz JC, Arias-Estévez M (2016) Valorization of biosorbent obtained from a forestry waste: competitive adsorption, desorption and transport of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 131:118–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DeMessie B, Sahle-Demessie E, Sorial GA (2015) Cleaning water contaminated with heavy metal ions using pyrolyzed biochar adsorbents. Sep Sci Technol 50:2448–2457Google Scholar
  8. Ding Y, Liu Y, Liu S, Li Z, Tan X, Huang X, Zeng G, Zhou Y, Zheng B, Cai X (2016) Competitive removal of Cd (II) and Pb (II) by biochars produced from water hyacinths: performance and mechanism. RSC Adv 6:5223–5232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Godiya CB, Liang M, Sayed SM, Li D, Lu X (2019) Novel alginate/polyethyleneimine hydrogel adsorbent for cascaded removal and utilization of Cu2+ and Pb2+ ions. J Environ Manag 232:829–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. EPA (1982) Electroplating and metal finishing effluent guidelines & standards. US Environmental Protection Agency. Available from: http://www.epa.gov/electroplating-and-metal-finishing_proposed-rule_08-31-1982_47-fr-38462.pdf. Accessed 1 June 2019
  11. Faheem YH, Liu J, Shen J, Sun X, Li J, Wang L (2016) Preparation of MnOx-loaded biochar for Pb2+ removal: adsorption performance and possible mechanism. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 66:313–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. J Environ Manag 92:407–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gazi M, Oladipo AA, Azalok KA (2018) Highly efficient and magnetically separable palm seed-based biochar for the removal of nickel. Sep Sci Technol 7:1124–1131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Giwa A, Dindi A, Kujawa J (2019) Membrane bioreactors and electrochemical processes for treatment of wastewaters containing heavy metal ions, organics, micropollutants and dyes: recent developments. J Hazard Mater 370:172–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hasan SH, Srivastava P (2009) Batch and continuous biosorption of Cu2+ by immobilized biomass of Arthrobacter sp. J Environ Manag 90:3313–3321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ho YS (2006) Review of second-order models for adsorption systems. J Hazard Mater 136:681–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jia Y, Zhang Y, Fu J, Yuan L, Li Z, Liu C, Zhao D, Wang X (2019) A novel magnetic biochar/MgFe-layered double hydroxides composite removing Pb2+ from aqueous solution: isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 567:278–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jiang R, Tian J, Zheng H, Qi J, Sun S, Xi L (2015) A novel magnetic adsorbent based on waste litchi peels for removing Pb(II) from aqueous solution. J Environ Manag 155:24–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lasheen MR, El-Sherif IY, Sabry DY, El-Wakeel ST, El-Shahat MF (2015) Adsorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by magnetite nanoparticles and magnetite-kaolinite nanocomposite: equilibrium, isotherm and kinetic study. Desal Water Treat 57:17421–17429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li Y, Bai P, Yan Y, Yan W, Shi W, Xu R (2019a) Removal of Zn2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, and Cu2+ from aqueous solution by synthetic clinoptilolite. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 273:203–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li M, Liu H, Chen T, Dong C, Sun Y (2019b) Synthesis of magnetic biochar composites for enhanced uranium (VI) adsorption. Sci Total Environ 651:1020–1028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu C, Ngo HH, Guo W, Tung KL (2012) Optimal conditions for preparation of banana peels, sugarcane bagasse and watermelon rind in removing copper from water. Bioresour Technol 119:349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Milenkovic DD, Milosavljevic MM, Marinkovic AD, Dokic VR, Mitrovic JZ, Bojic AL (2013) Removal of copper (II) ion from aqueous solution by high-porosity activated carbon. Water SA 39:515–522Google Scholar
  24. Mohan D, Kumar H, Sarswat A, Alexandre-Franco M, Pittman CU Jr (2014) Cadmium and lead remediation using magnetic oak wood and oak bark fast pyrolysis bio-chars. Chem Eng J 236:513–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mousavi SJ, Parvini M, Ghorbani M (2018) Adsorption of heavy metals (Cu2+ and Zn2+) on novel bifunctional ordered mesoporous silica: optimization by response surface methodology. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 84:123–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Oladipo AA, Gazi M (2015a) Two-stage batch sorber design and optimization of biosorption conditions by Taguchi methodology for the removal of acid red 25 onto magnetic biomass. Korean J Chem Eng 32:1864–1878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Oladipo AA, Gazi M (2015b) Microwaves initiated synthesis of activated carbon-based composite hydrogel for simultaneous removal of copper(II) ions and direct red 80 dye: a multi-component adsorption system. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 47:125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Oladipo AA, Gazi M, Yilmaz E (2015) Single and binary adsorption of azo and anthraquinone dyes by chitosan-based hydrogel: selectivity factor and Box-Behnken process design. Chem Eng Res Des 104:264–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Oladipo AA (2018a) Microwave-assisted synthesis of high-performance polymer based nanoadsorbents for pollution control. In: Hussain CM, Mishra AK (eds) New polymer nanocomposites for environmental remediation, vol 1. Elsevier, pp 337–359Google Scholar
  30. Oladipo AA (2018b) Bioinspired nanocomposites for adsorptive and photo-assisted decontamination of wastewater. In: Hussain CM, Mishra AK (eds) Nanotechnology in environmental science, vol 1. Wiley-VCH Publishers, pp 685–706Google Scholar
  31. Oladipo AA (2018c) Biosynthesized and bio-inspired functional nanocomposites for pollution control. In: Hussain CM, Mishra AK (eds) Nanocomposites for pollution control, vol 1. Pan Stanford Publishers, pp 501–525Google Scholar
  32. Oladipo AA, Ifebajo AO (2018) Highly efficient magnetic chicken bone biochar for removal of tetracycline and fluorescent dye from wastewater: two-stage adsorber analysis. J Environ Manag 209:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Oladipo AA, Ifebajo AO, Gazi M (2019) Magnetic LDH-based CoO–NiFe2O4 catalyst with enhanced performance and recyclability for efficient decolorization of Azo dye via Fenton-like reactions. Appl Catal B Environ 243:243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pap S, Bezanovic V, Radonic J, Babic A, Saric S, Adamovic D, Sekulic MT (2018) Synthesis of highly efficient functionalized biochars from fruit industry waste biomass for the removal of chromium and lead. J Mol Liq 268:315–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Renata SD, Caetano CL, Ferreira G, Padilha PM, Saeki MJ, Zara LF, Martines MAU, Castro GR (2011) Banana peel applied to the solid phase extraction of copper and lead from river water: preconcentration of metal ions with a fruit waste. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:3446–3451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rong X, Xie M, Kong L, Natarajan V, Ma L, Zhan J (2019) The magnetic biochar derived from banana peels as a persulfate activator for organic contaminants degradation. Chem Eng J 372:294–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Selvanathan M, Yann KT, Chung CH, Selvarajoo A, Arumugasamy SK, Sethu V (2017) Adsorption of copper(II) ion from aqueous solution using biochar derived from rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum) peel: feedforward neural network modelling study. Water Air Soil Pollut 228:299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Serafin J, Narkiewicz U, Morawski AW, Wróbel RJ, Michalkiewicz B (2017) Highly microporous activated carbons from biomass for CO2 capture and effective micropores at different conditions. J CO2 Utiliz 18:73–79.Google Scholar
  39. Shah MP, Reddy P, Banerjee GV, Babu PR, Kothari IL (2005) Microbial degradation of banana waste under solid state bioprocessing using two lignocellulolytic fungi (Phylosticta spp. MPS-001 and Aspergillus spp. MPS-002). Process Biochem 40:445–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sizmur T, Fresno T, Akgül G, Frost H, Moreno-Jiménez E (2017) Biochar modification to enhance sorption of inorganics from water. Bioresour Technol 246:34–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Song J, He Q, Hu X, Zhang W, Wang C, Chen R, Wang H, Ahmed M (2019) Highly efficient removal of Cr(VI) and Cu(II) by biochar derived from Artemisia argyi stem. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26:13221–13234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tan X, Liu Y, Zeng G, Wang X, Hu X, Gu Y, Yang Z (2015) Application of biochar for the removal of pollutants from aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 125:70–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tauanov Z, Tsakiridis PE, Mikhalovsky SV, Inglezakis VJ (2018) Synthetic coal fly ash-derived zeolites doped with silver nanoparticles for mercury (II) removal from water. J Environ Manag 224:164–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Temesgen F, Gabbiye N, Sahu O (2018) Biosorption of reactive red dye (RRD) on activated surface of banana and orange peels: economical alternative for textile effluent. Surf Interface 12:151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tran HN, Lee CK, Vu MT, Chao HP (2017) Removal of copper, lead, methylene green 5, and acid red 1 by saccharide-derived spherical biochar prepared at low calcination temperatures: adsorption kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics. Water Air Soil Pollut 228:401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang Z, Liu G, Zheng H, Li F, Ngo HH, Guo W, Liu C, Chen L, Xing B (2015) Investigating the mechanisms of biochar’s removal of lead from solution. Bioresour Technol 177:308–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. World Health Organization (2004) Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, 3rd. World Health OrganizationGoogle Scholar
  48. Yan J, Xue Y, Long L, Zeng Y, Hu X (2018) Adsorptive removal of As(V) by crawfish shell biochar: batch and column tests. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:34674–34683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yu D, Wang L, Wu M (2018) Simultaneous removal of dye and heavy metal by banana peels derived hierarchically porous carbons. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 93:543–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhong L, Zhang Y, Ji Y, Norris P, Pan WP (2016) Synthesis of activated carbon from coal pitch for mercury removal in coal-fired power plants. J Therm Anal Calorim 123:851–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhou N, Chen H, Xi J, Yao D, Zhou Z, Tian Y, Lu X (2017) Biochars with excellent Pb(II) adsorption property produced from fresh and dehydrated banana peels via hydrothermal carbonization. Bioresour Technol 232:204–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringCyprus Science UniversityGirneTurkey
  2. 2.Polymeric Materials Research Laboratory, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Arts and ScienceEastern Mediterranean UniversityFamagustaTurkey

Personalised recommendations