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Removal of chromium from wastewater by swine hair residues applied as a putative biofilter

  • Orlando de Paris Júnior
  • Thamarys Scapini
  • Aline Frumi Camargo
  • Bruno Venturin
  • Caroline Dalastra
  • Simone Kubeneck
  • Fabiane Fernanda Czapela
  • Karina P. Preczeski
  • Fábio Spitza Stefanski
  • Eduardo Pavan Korf
  • Alexsandra Valério
  • Marco Di Luccio
  • Altemir José Mossi
  • Gislaine Fongaro
  • Helen TreichelEmail author
Research Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Swine production chain generates residues with potential application in environmental processes. This study aimed at the use of swine hair as a potential biofilter for hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) removal from wastewater of tannery industry. The hair was pretreated using H2O2 in alkaline medium, and statistical analysis was carried out to evaluate the hair degradation, as well the Cr(VI) removal by the potential pretreated biofilter. The results showed 99% of Cr(VI) removal in 105 min of treatment in large pH range (1–10). Treated and untreated effluents were submitted to cytotoxicity study using vegetable and animal cells, demonstrating a significant reduction on toxicity to both cells. Therefore, swine hair demonstrated to be a promising residue for heavy metal removal on the perspective of an environmentally friendly technique.

Keywords

Waste valuation Biomaterial Hexavalent chromium Cytotoxicity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

LCME/UFSC is acknowledged for the SEM images.

Funding information

This work received financial support and scholarships from CNPq, CAPES, CAPES-PNPD, and FAPERGS.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orlando de Paris Júnior
    • 1
  • Thamarys Scapini
    • 1
  • Aline Frumi Camargo
    • 1
  • Bruno Venturin
    • 1
  • Caroline Dalastra
    • 1
  • Simone Kubeneck
    • 1
  • Fabiane Fernanda Czapela
    • 1
  • Karina P. Preczeski
    • 1
  • Fábio Spitza Stefanski
    • 1
  • Eduardo Pavan Korf
    • 2
  • Alexsandra Valério
    • 3
  • Marco Di Luccio
    • 3
  • Altemir José Mossi
    • 4
  • Gislaine Fongaro
    • 1
    • 5
  • Helen Treichel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Microbiology and BioprocessUniversity of Fronteira SulErechimBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Effluents and WasteUniversity of Fronteira SulErechimBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Food EngineeringFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratory of AgroecologyUniversity of Fronteira SulErechimBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratory of VirologyFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

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