One-pot synthesis of multi-functional and environmental friendly tannic acid polymer with Fe3+ and formaldehyde as double crosslinking agents for selective removal of cation pollutants

  • Mingming Zhang
  • Shengxiao ZhangEmail author
  • Xingxing Liu
  • Hou ChenEmail author
  • Yongfei Ming
  • Qiang Xu
  • Zhenhua Wang
Research Article


A novel multi-functional and environmental friendly tannic acid polymer (Fe3+-TA-HCHO) with Fe3+ and formaldehyde as double crosslinking agents together with cysteine as heteroatom source was prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal method. Characterization with transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), and elemental analysis demonstrated that the Fe3+-TA-HCHO possessed uniform structure and particle size as well as plentiful functional groups. The resulted Fe3+-TA-HCHO material as a adsorbent to remove methylene blue, sunset yellow, Pb2+, Hg2+, and AsO33− from water. The results suggested that Fe3+-TA-HCHO polymer (pHpzc is 2.33) showed different adsorption properties for anionic pollutants (sunset yellow and AsO33−) and cationic pollutants (methylene blue, Pb2+, and Hg2+). The material exhibited remarkable selectivity for adsorption and separation of pollutants. The maximum adsorption capacities calculated from Langmuir model for methylene blue, Pb2+, and Hg2+ were 154.32, 819.67, and 699.30 mg g−1, respectively. This is the first time that tannic acid polymer is synthesized by double crosslinking method, which not only developed a promising adsorbent for selective removal of cation pollutants, but also opened up a new avenue for synthesis and application of tannic acid polymer.


Tannic acid polymer Double crosslinking Cation pollutants Dye Heavy metal Selective adsorption 


Funding information

This work was jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21207059); the Major Program of Shandong Province Natural Science Foundation (ZR2018ZC0946); the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2011BQ012, ZR2016BM27, ZR2017PB006).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Collaborative Innovation Center of Shandong Province for High Performance Fibers and Their CompositesLudong UniversityYantaiChina
  2. 2.School of Life SciencesLudong UniversityYantaiChina
  3. 3.Shandong Analysis and Test CenterQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanChina

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