Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 31414–31421 | Cite as

Phosphorus characteristics and microbial community in the sediment-water-algal system during algal growth

  • Wei Huang
  • Xin Cao
  • Deying Huang
  • Wenli Liu
  • Xing Liu
  • Jibiao ZhangEmail author
Research Article


Phosphorus (P) characteristics in eutrophic lakes change during algal growth. Furthermore, algae have a significant relationship with the microbial communities of lake sediments. This study addressed the influence of algal growth and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations on P characteristics within the sediment-water-algal (SWA) system. Results indicated that the SWA system simulating a high algal bloom level (SWA-HAB) had a correspondingly high SRP concentration (258.9 μg L−1), and that algal growth promoted a high SRP concentration in the overlying water. The high SRP concentration in overlying water could support algal growth, resulting in a high chlorophyll a (Chl-a) concentration (285.23 mg L−1). During algal growth, the P release flux was high in sediments from the high-SRP SWA system, with the highest P release flux measured at 0.982 mg m−2 day−1. Furthermore, microbial community abundance had a significant relationship with Chl-a concentrations in overlying water (p < 0.05) and increases with algae growth.


Algal bloom Phosphorus Sediment Overlying water Pore water Microbial community 


Funding information

The study was supported by the Science and Technology Project of Guizhou Province (Qiankehezhicheng (2017) 2859) and the National Science Foundation of China (51308127).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xin Cao
    • 1
  • Deying Huang
    • 4
  • Wenli Liu
    • 3
  • Xing Liu
    • 3
  • Jibiao Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control and Ecological RestorationChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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