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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 30885–30892 | Cite as

Fumigant effect of essential oils on mortality and fertility of thrips Frankliniella occidentalis Perg

  • Elena Stepanycheva
  • Mariya Petrova
  • Taisiya Chermenskaya
  • Roman PavelaEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis Perg.) is one of the most economically important insect pests of greenhouse plants. Plant protection against this pest is based predominantly on synthetic insecticides; however, this form of protection poses problems in terms of thrip resistance to the active substances, along with health risks associated with insecticide residues on the treated plants. Therefore, new active substances need to be sought. Essential oils could be a new, appropriate, and safe alternative for greenhouse culture protection. As greenhouses are enclosed areas, fumigation application of EOs is possible. This paper presents acute toxicity results for 15 commercial EOs applied by fumigation, as well as the effect of sublethal concentrations on fertility of F. occidentalis females. The most efficient EOs were obtained from Mentha pulegium and Thymus mastichina, with LC50(90) estimated as 3.1(3.8) and 3.6 (4.6) mg L−1 air, respectively. As found for the very first time, sublethal concentrations of EOs could result in a significant reduction in the fertility of surviving T. occidentalis females. Among the tested EOs, the EO from Nepeta cataria provided the highest inhibition of fertility, with EC50(90) estimated as 0.18 (0.36) mg L−1 air. Chemical composition of the most efficient EOs and possible applications of the results in practice are discussed. In conclusion, in light of the newly determined facts, EOs can be recommended as active substances for botanical insecticides to be applied against Thysanopteran pests by fumigation.

Keywords

Botanical insecticides Greenhouse Essential oils Thrips Fumigant toxicity Sublethal effect 

Notes

Funding information

Financial support for the botanical pesticide and basic substance research was provided by the Ministry of Agriculture of the CR (Project No. QK1910103)

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All-Russian Institute of Plant ProtectionPushkinRussia
  2. 2.Crop Research InstitutePragueCzech Republic

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