Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 30921–30929 | Cite as

Reducing ammonia and greenhouse gas emission with adding high levels of superphosphate fertilizer during composting

  • Juan Wu
  • Shengzhou He
  • Guoxue LiEmail author
  • Zehua Zhao
  • Yuquan WeiEmail author
  • Zhong Lin
  • De Tao
Research Article
  • 101 Downloads

Abstract

Previous studies revealed that superphosphate fertilizer (SSP) as an additive in compost can reduce the nitrogen loss and improve the effectiveness of phosphorus during composting. However, few studies have explored the influence of adding SSP with high levels on ammonia and greenhouse gas emission and the suitable amount for SSP addition according to a combined assessment of the composting process and product. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of SSP with high additive amounts on NH3, CO2, CH4, and N2O emission and organic carbon loss. All piles were mixtures of pig manure and cornstalks with different levels of SSP addition including 10%, 14%, 18%, 22%, 26%, and 30% dry weight basis of raw materials. Compared with the control without SSP, the amount of NH3 cumulative emissions was decreased by 23.8–48.1% for the treatments with 10–30% SSP addition, and the emission of greenhouse gas including CO2, CH4, and N2O by 20.9–35.5% (CO2 equivalent) was reduced by 20.9–35.5%. Adding SSP with the amount exceeding 14% to compost could reduce CO2 emissions by 32.0–38.4% and more than 30% carbon loss at the end of composting but exceeding 26% had an adverse impact on maturity of the composts. Therefore, considering the maturity and safety of compost and gas emission reduction, 14–26% SSP was the optimum amount for composting addition, which is an effective and economical way to increase the nutrient level of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in compost and reduce environmental risks.

Keywords

Composting Superphosphate Greenhouse gas Ammonia emission Carbon loss 

Notes

Funding information

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41275161 and 41702262), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M620801), and Research Fund for Environmental project of Baotou.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6209_MOESM1_ESM.docx (394 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 393 kb)

References

  1. Awasthi MK, Pandey AK, Bundela PS, Khan J (2015) Co-composting of organic fraction of municipal solid waste mixed with different bulking waste: characterization of physicochemical parameters and microbial enzymatic dynamic. Bioresour Technol 182:200–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Awasthi MK, Wang Q, Huang H, Ren XN, Lahori AH, Mahar A, Ali A, Shen F, Li RH, Zhang ZQ (2016) Influence of zeolite and lime as additives on greenhouse gas emissions and maturity evolution during sewage sludge composting. Bioresour Technol 216:172–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barker T, Bashmakov I, Bernstein L, Bogner JE, Bosch PR, Dave R, Metz B, Nabuurs GJ (2007) Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the IPCCGoogle Scholar
  4. Bartscht K, Cypionka H, Overmann J (1999) Evaluation of cell activity and of methods for the cultivation of bacteria from a natural lake community. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 28(3):249–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bernal MP, Alburquerque JA, Moral R (2009) Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review. Bioresour Technol 100(22):5444–5453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cui HY, Zhao Y, Chen YN, Zhang X, Wang XQ, Lu Q, Jia LM, Wei ZM (2017) Assessment of phytotoxicity grade during composting based on EEM/PARAFAC combined with projection pursuit regression. J Hazard Mater 326:10–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fang YY, Cao XD, Zhao L (2012) Effects of phosphorus amendments and plant growth on the mobility of Pb, Cu, and Zn in a multi-metal-contaminated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19(5):1659–1667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fukumoto Y, Suzuki K, Kuroda K, Waki M, Yasuda T (2011) Effects of struvite formation and nitratation promotion on nitrogenous emissions such as NH3, N2O and NO during swine manure composting. Bioresour Technol 102(2):1468–1474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gao X, Tan W, Zhao Y, Wu J, Sun Q, Qi H, Xie X, Wei Z (2019) Diversity in the mechanisms of humin formation during composting with different materials. Environ Sci Technol 53(7):3653–3662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guo R, Li GX, Jiang T, Schuchardt F, Chen TB, Zhao YQ, Shen YJ (2012) Effect of aeration rate, C/N ratio and moisture content on the stability and maturity of compost. Bioresour Technol 112:171–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hao XY, Chang C, Larney FJ (2004) Carbon, nitrogen balances and greenhouse gas emission during cattle feedlot manure composting. J Environ Qual 33(1):37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hao XY, Larney FJ, Chang C, Travis GR, Nichol CK, Bremer E (2005) The effect of phosphogypsum on greenhouse gas emissions during cattle manure composting. J Environ Qual 34(3):774–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hu TJ, Zeng GM, Huang DL, Yu HY, Jiang XY, Dai F, Huang GH (2007) Use of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sawdust as adsorbents of ammoniacal nitrogen in aerobic composting process. J Hazard Mater 141(3):736–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: working group I. The Physical Science Basis. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch2s2-10-2.html. Accessed 20 Sept 2012
  15. Jiang T, Schuchardt F, Li GX, Guo R, Zhao YQ (2011) Effect of C/N ratio, aeration rate and moisture content on ammonia and greenhouse gas emission during the composting. J Environ Sci 23(10):1754–1760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jiang T, Schuchardt F, Li GX, Guo R, Luo YM (2013) Gaseous emission during the composting of pig feces from Chinese Ganqinfen system. Chemosphere 90(4):1545–1551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jiang JS, Huang YM, Liu XL, Huang H (2014) The effects of apple pomace, bentonite and calcium superphosphate on swine manure aerobic composting. Waste Manag 34(9):1595–1602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jiang T, Li GX, Tang Q, Ma XG, Wang G, Schuchardt F (2015) Effects of aeration method and aeration rate on greenhouse gas emissions during composting of pig feces in pilot scale. J Environ Sci 31:124–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jiang T, Ma XG, Tang Q, Yang J, Li GX, Schuchardt F (2016) Combined use of nitrification inhibitor and struvite crystallization to reduce the NH3 and N2O emissions during composting. Bioresour Technol 217:210–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kang YN, Liu MX, Song Y, Huang X, Yao H, Cai XH, Zhang HS, Kang L, Liu XJ, Yan XY, He H, Zhang Q, Shao M, Zhu T (2016) High-resolution ammonia emissions inventories in China from 1980 to 2012. Atmos Chem Phys 16(4):2043–2058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Larios AD, Brar SK, Ramirez AA, Godbout S, Sandoval-Salas F, Palacios JH (2016) Challenges in the measurement of emissions of nitrous oxide and methane from livestock sector. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 15(2):285–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lu DA, Wang LX, Yan BX, Ou Y, Guan JN, Bian Y, Zhang YB (2014) Speciation of Cu and Zn during composting of pig manure amended with rock phosphate. Waste Manag 34(8):1529–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lu Q, Zhao Y, Gao X, Wu J, Zhou H, Tang P, Wei Q, Wei Z (2018) Effect of tricarboxylic acid cycle regulator on carbon retention and organic component transformation during food waste composting. Bioresour Technol 256:128–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Luo Y, Li G, Frank S, Wang K, Jiang T, Luo W (2012) Effects of additive superphosphate on NH3, N2O and CH4 emissions during pig manure composting. Trans Chin Soc Agric Eng 28(22):235–242Google Scholar
  25. Luo YM, Li GX, Luo WH, Schuchardt F, Jiang T, Xu DG (2013) Effect of phosphogypsum and dicyandiamide as additives on NH3, N2O and CH4 emissions during composting. J Environ Sci 25(7):1338–1345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Luo WH, Yuan J, Luo YM, Li GX, Nghiem LD, Price WE (2014) Effects of mixing and covering with mature compost on gaseous emissions during composting. Chemosphere 117:14–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nakasaki K, Araya S, Mimoto H (2013) Inoculation of Pichia kudriavzevii RB1 degrades the organic acids present in raw compost material and accelerates composting. Bioresour Technol 144:521–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pennock D, Yates T, Bedard-Haughn A, Phipps K, Farrell R, McDougal R (2010) Landscape controls on N2O and CH4 emissions from freshwater mineral soil wetlands of the Canadian Prairie Pothole region. Geoderma 155(3):308–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Philippe FX, Laitat M, Nicks B, Cabaraux JF (2012) Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions during the fattening of pigs kept on two types of straw floor. Agric Ecosyst Environ 150:45–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Raut MP, William SPMP, Bhattacharyya JK, Chakrabarti T, Devotta S (2008) Microbial dynamics and enzyme activities during rapid composting of municipal solid waste - a compost maturity analysis perspective. Bioresour Technol 99(14):6512–6519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ren LM, Schuchardt F, Shen YJ, Li GX, Li CP (2010) Impact of struvite crystallization on nitrogen losses during composting of pig manure and cornstalk. Waste Manag 30(5):885–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Requejo MI, Eichler-Lobermann B (2014) Organic and inorganic phosphorus forms in soil as affected by long-term application of organic amendments. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 100(2):245–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Szanto GL, Hamelers HM, Rulkens WH, Veeken AHM (2007) NH3, N2O and CH4 emissions during passively aerated composting of straw-rich pig manure. Bioresour Technol 98(14):2659–2670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tang XJ, Li X, Liu XM, Hashmi MZ, Xu JM, Brookes PC (2015) Effects of inorganic and organic amendments on the uptake of lead and trace elements by Brassica chinensis grown in an acidic red soil. Chemosphere 119:177–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang X, Selvam A, Chan MT, Wong JWC (2013) Nitrogen conservation and acidity control during food wastes composting through struvite formation. Bioresour Technol 147:17–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang X, Cui H, Shi J, Zhao X, Zhao Y, Wei Z (2015) Relationship between bacterial diversity and environmental parameters during composting of different raw materials. Bioresour Technol 198:395–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang Q, Wang Z, Awasthi MK, Jiang YH, Li RH, Ren XN, Zhao JC, Shen F, Wang MJ, Zhang ZQ (2016) Evaluation of medical stone amendment for the reduction of nitrogen loss and bioavailability of heavy metals during pig manure composting. Bioresour Technol 220:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang H, Zhao Y, Wei YQ, Zhao Y, Lu Q, Liu LN, Jiang N, Wei ZM (2018) Biostimulation of nutrient additions on indigenous microbial community at the stage of nitrogen limitations during composting. Waste Manag 74:194–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wei YQ, Zhao Y, Xi BD, Wei ZM, Li X, Cao ZY (2015) Changes in phosphorus fractions during organic wastes composting from different sources. Bioresour Technol 189:349–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wei Y, Zhao Y, Wang H, Lu Q, Cao Z, Cui H, Zhu L, Wei Z (2016) An optimized regulating method for composting phosphorus fractions transformation based on biochar addition and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria inoculation. Bioresour Technol 221:139–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wei Y, Zhao Y, Shi M, Cao Z, Lu Q, Yang T, Fan Y, Wei Z (2018) Effect of organic acids production and bacterial community on the possible mechanism of phosphorus solubilization during composting with enriched phosphate-solubilizing bacteria inoculation. Bioresour Technol 247:190–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wu J, He SZ, Liang Y, Li GX, Li S, Chen SL, Nadeem F, Hu JW (2017) Effect of phosphate additive on the nitrogen transformation during pig manure composting. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(21):17760–17768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wu J, Zhang A, Li G, Wei Y, Jia F, Liang Y, Cheng Y, Liu Y (2019) Impact of phosphate additive on organic carbon component degradation during pig manure composting. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(12):11805–11814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Xiao X, Xi B, He X, Zhang H, Li D, Zhao X, Zhang X (2019) Hydrophobicity-dependent electron transfer capacities of dissolved organic matter derived from chicken manure compost. Chemosphere 222:757–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yang F, Li GX, Shi H, Wang YM (2015) Effects of phosphogypsum and superphosphate on compost maturity and gaseous emissions during kitchen waste composting. Waste Manag 36:70–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yuan Y, Xi B, He X, Tan W, Gao R, Zhang H, Yang C, Zhao X, Huang C, Li D (2017) Compost-derived humic acids as regulators for reductive degradation of nitrobenzene. J Hazard Mater 339:378–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zeng Y, De Guardia A, Ziebal C, De Macedo FJ, Dabert P (2013) Impact of biodegradation of organic matters on ammonia oxidation in compost. Bioresour Technol 136:49–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhang L, Sun XY, Tian Y, Gong XQ (2013) Effects of brown sugar and calcium superphosphate on the secondary fermentation of green waste. Bioresour Technol 131:68–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhao Y, Lu Q, Wei Y, Cui H, Zhang X, Wang X, Shan S, Wei Z (2016) Effect of actinobacteria agent inoculation methods on cellulose degradation during composting based on redundancy analysis. Bioresour Technol 219:196–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhong J, Wei YS, Wan HF, Wu YL, Zheng JX, Han SH, Zheng BF (2013) Greenhouse gas emission from the total process of swine manure composting and land application of compost. Atmos Environ 81:348–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resource and Environmental ScienceChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Nanjing Institute of Environmental SciencesMinistry of Environmental ProtectionNanjingChina
  3. 3.Environmental Monitoring Station of BaotouBaotouChina
  4. 4.School of Environment and State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution ControlTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations