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Correction to: Renewable energy utilization to promote sustainability in GCC countries: policies, drivers, and barriers

  • Karim Malik
  • Syed Masiur RahmanEmail author
  • Abu Nasser Khondaker
  • Ismaila Rimi Abubakar
  • Yusuf Adedoyin Aina
  • Md Arif Hasan
Correction
  • 148 Downloads

Correction to: Environmental Science and Pollution Research (2019) 26:20798–20814

  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05337-1
  1. 1.

    In the abstract, the statement “The GHG emissions avoidance expected to be achieved by the GCC countries will vary between 5 and 247 million tons of CO2 equivalent by 2030.” should be changed to “The GHG emissions avoidance expected to be achieved by the GCC countries will vary between 1 and 50 million tons of CO2 equivalent by 2030.”

     
  2. 2.
    Figure 4 was revised and is shown in this paper.
    Fig. 4

    Expected greenhouse gas emissions avoidance in GCC countries in 2030

     
  3. 3.

    The sentence “It appears that Saudi Arabia will be able to meet its NDC pledge even only relying on the RE target.” from the section titled “Future RE contributions” should be removed from this paper.

     
  4. 4.

    In conclusion, the statement “The GHG emissions avoidance due to RE deployment will be approximately 247, 175, 45, 45, 16, and 5 million tons of CO2 equivalent, for the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain, respectively by 2030.” should be changed to “The GHG emissions avoidance due to RE deployment will be approximately 50, 37, 10, 9, 3, and 1 million tons of CO2 equivalent, for the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain, respectively by 2030.”

     

Notes

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesWilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada
  2. 2.Center for Environment & Water, Research InstituteKing Fahd University of Petroleum & MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.College of Architecture and PlanningImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (Formerly, University of Dammam)DammamSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Geomatics Engineering TechnologyYanbu Industrial CollegeYanbuSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.School of Geography, Environment and Earth SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

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