Evaluation of modified basalt fiber as biological carrier media for wastewater treatment with the extended DLVO theory model

  • Xiaoying Zhang
  • Jing WeiEmail author
  • Xiangtong Zhou
  • Akihiro Horio
  • Shanwei Li
  • Yuanyuan Chen
  • Suying Jiang
  • Zhishui Liang
  • Zhiren WuEmail author
  • Fengxian Qiu
Research Article


In this study, environment-friendly inorganic basalt fiber (BF) was used as bio-carrier for wastewater treatment. To enhance the bio-affinity, raw BF was modified by grafting the diethylamino functional groups to make the surface more hydrophilic and electro-positive. Contact angle and zeta potential of modified basalt fiber (MBF) were characterized. The capacity of MBF bio-carriers was evaluated by microorganism immobilization tests. To explain the mechanism of capacity enhancement by modification, the profiles of total interaction energy barrier between raw BF (or MBF) and bacteria (Escherichia coli, E. coli) were discussed based on the extended Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (DLVO) theory. The results showed the contact angle of fiber decreased from 89.71° to 63.08° after modification, and zeta potential increased from − 18.53 to +10.58 mV. The microorganism immobilization tests showed that the surface modification accelerated the initial bacterial adhesion on fiber. The total interaction energy barrier between MBF and E. coli disappeared as a result of electrostatic and hydrophilic attractive forces, and enhanced the irreversible adhesion. MBF bio-carrier medium provides a promising alternative to conventional bio-carrier materials for wastewater treatment.

Graphical abstract


Basalt fiber Electro-positivity Bio-carrier Wastewater treatment Extended DLVO theory 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFE0126400), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51808264), Senior Talent Fund of Jiangsu University (16JDG070 and 18JDG031), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M600377), Jiangsu Planned Projects for Postdoctoral Research Funds (1701057B), and the Key Research and Development Program of Jiangxi Province (20171BBH80008).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6133_MOESM1_ESM.docx (58 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 58 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoying Zhang
    • 1
  • Jing Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiangtong Zhou
    • 1
  • Akihiro Horio
    • 2
  • Shanwei Li
    • 1
  • Yuanyuan Chen
    • 3
  • Suying Jiang
    • 3
  • Zhishui Liang
    • 4
  • Zhiren Wu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fengxian Qiu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Health and Ecological Security, School of the Environment and Safety EngineeringJiangsu UniversityJiangsuChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of TechnologyGunma CollegeGunmaJapan
  3. 3.Jiangsu ATK Environmental Engineering R&D InstituteJiangsuChina
  4. 4.School of Civil EngineeringSoutheast UniversityJiangsuChina

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