Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 31062–31076 | Cite as

Introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles: prospects and challenges for Malaysia’s transition to a low-carbon economy

  • Abul Quasem Al-AminEmail author
  • Brent Doberstein
Research Article


Alternative energy policies targeting the adoption of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) could have significant positive impacts on Malaysia’s ability to meet both its carbon reduction goal and its energy security needs. The transport sector generally contributes heavily to carbon emissions, and is also difficult to decarbonize because of the costs associated with many greener options. This study explores the possibility of decarbonizing the Malaysian transport sector by promoting the use of hydrogen vehicles, and analyzes the adoption challenges and economic obstacles (especially public acceptance) associated with introducing HFCVs. This study contends that the adoption challenges of this new technology can be overcome through the use of development strategies outlined. This study also addresses the regulatory framework that Malaysia (and other countries) might use to overcome common policy adoption challenges of HFCVs.


Low carbon society Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles Economic barriers Policy Renewable energy Transportation 







Conference on Climate Change


Energy Information Administration (United States)


Electric vehicles


Greenhouse gases


Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles


Intended Nationally Determined Contributions




Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development


Purchase behavior


Purchase intention


Research and development


Structural equation modelling


Subjective norms


Theory of planned behavior


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urban Studies & PlanningMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyBostonUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Energy Policy and Research (IEPRe)Universiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Environmental ManagementUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada
  4. 4.Institut Sultan IskandarUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

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