Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 27542–27550 | Cite as

Industrial environmental efficiency assessment for China’s western regions by using a SBM-based DEA

  • Si-Dai Guo
  • Hang Li
  • Rui ZhaoEmail author
  • Xiao Zhou
Short Research and Discussion Article


This study employed a data envelopment analysis (DEA) by using slacks-based measure (SBM) with undesirable outputs to assess the industrial environmental efficiency of western China during the period of 2001–2015. The Malmquist index was further used to examine the changes in the industrial environmental efficiency of the analyzed region. The result showed that western China presented a low industrial environmental efficiency throughout the period of 2001–2015. Chongqing City was the only province that exhibited strong economic and environmental coordination. The level of technical development was identified as a key determinant of industrial environmental efficiency. This study provided policy implications on emissions reduction and the improvement of industrial efficiency. Limitations of the approach were provided to lay foundation for future studies.


Western China Industrial environmental efficiency DEA SBM Malmquist index 


Funding information

This study is sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41571520), Sichuan Provincial Key Technology Support (No. 2019JDJQ0020), Sichuan Province Circular Economy Research Center Fund (No. XHJJ-1802), and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Spatial Information and Geomatics (No. 17-259-16-11).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sichuan Province Cyclic Economy Research CentreSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.School of Geography and Ocean ScienceNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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