Advertisement

Effects of different scrap iron as anode in Fe-C micro-electrolysis system for textile wastewater degradation

  • Zhenhua Sun
  • Zhihua XuEmail author
  • Yuwei Zhou
  • Daofang Zhang
  • Weifang Chen
Research Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The degradation of organic contaminants in actual textile wastewater was carried out by iron carbon (Fe-C) micro-electrolysis. Different Fe-C micro-electrolysis systems (SIPA and SISA) were established by using scrap iron particle (SIP) and scrap iron shaving (SIS) as anode materials. The optimal condition of both systems was obtained at the initial pH of 3.0, dosage of 30 g/L and Fe/C mass ratio of 1:1. Commercial spherical Fe-C micro-electrolysis material (SFC) was used for comparison under the same condition. The results indicated that total organic carbon (TOC) and chroma removal efficiencies of SIPA and SISA were superior to that of SFC. Total iron concentration in solution and XRD analysis of electrode materials revealed that the former showed relatively high iron corrosion intensity and the physicochemical properties of scrap iron indeed affected the treatment capability. The UV-vis and 3DEEM analysis suggested that the pollutants degradation was mainly attributed to the combination of reduction and oxidation. Furthermore, the potential degradation pathways of actual textile wastewater were illustrated through the GC-MS analysis. Massive dyes, aliphatic acids, and textile auxiliaries were effectively degraded, and the SIPA and SISA exhibited higher performance on the degradation of benzene ring and dechlorination than that by SFC. In addition, SIPA and SISA exhibited high stability and excellent reusability at low cost.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Fe-C micro-electrolysis Textile wastewater Scrap iron Effluent organic matter Degradation pathway Reduction and oxidation 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21707090), Chinese Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M611590), and Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (14ZR1428900).

References

  1. Bai Z, Wang J, Yang Q (2017) Advanced treatment of municipal secondary effluent by catalytic ozonation using Fe3O4-CeO2/MWCNTs as efficient catalyst. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:9337–9349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brillas E, Martínez-Huitle CA (2015) Decontamination of wastewaters containing synthetic organic dyes by electrochemical methods. An updated review. Appl Catal B Environ 166-167:603–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Btatkeu KBD, Miyajima K, Noubactep C, Caré S (2013) Testing the suitability of metallic iron for environmental remediation: discoloration of methylene blue in column studies. Chem Eng J 215-216:959–968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bu L, Wang K, Zhao QL, Wei LL, Zhang J, Yang JC (2010) Characterization of dissolved organic matter during landfill leachate treatment by sequencing batch reactor, aeration corrosive cell-Fenton, and granular activated carbon in series. J Hazard Mater 179:1096–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Deng J, Dong H, Zhang C, Jiang Z, Cheng Y, Hou K, Zhang L, Fan C (2018) Nanoscale zero-valent iron/biochar composite as an activator for Fenton-like removal of sulfamethazine. Sep Purif Technol 202:130–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dou X, Li R, Zhao B, Liang W (2010) Arsenate removal from water by zero-valent iron/activated carbon galvanic couples. J Hazard Mater 182:108–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Doumic LI, Soares PA, Ayude MA, Cassanello M, Boaventura RAR, Vilar VJP (2015) Enhancement of a solar photo-Fenton reaction by using ferrioxalate complexes for the treatment of a synthetic cotton-textile dyeing wastewater. Chem Eng J 277:86–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eremektar G, Selcuk H, Meric S (2007) Investigation of the relation between COD fractions and the toxicity in a textile finishing industry wastewater: effect of preozonation. Desalination 211:314–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gheju M, Balcu I (2010) Hexavalent chromium reduction with scrap iron in continuous-flow system. Part 2: effect of scrap iron shape and size. J Hazard Mater 182:484–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guan X, Sun Y, Qin H, Li J, Lo IMC, He D, Dong H (2015) The limitations of applying zero-valent iron technology in contaminants sequestration and the corresponding countermeasures: the development in zero-valent iron technology in the last two decades (1994-2014). Water Res 75:224–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Han Y, Li H, Liu M, Sang Y, Liang C, Chen J (2016) Purification treatment of dyes wastewater with a novel micro-electrolysis reactor. Sep Purif Technol 170:241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huang D, Yue Q, Fu K, Zhang B, Gao B, Li Q, Wang Y (2014) Application for acrylonitrile wastewater treatment by new micro-electrolysis ceramic fillers. Desalin Water Treat 57:4420–4428Google Scholar
  13. Khandegar V, Saroha AK (2013) Electrocoagulation for the treatment of textile industry effluent–a review. J Environ Manag 128:949–963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lai B, Zhang Y, Chen Z, Yang P, Zhou Y, Wang J (2014) Removal of p-nitrophenol (PNP) in aqueous solution by the micron-scale iron-copper (Fe/Cu) bimetallic particles. Appl Catal B Environ 144:816–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lai B, Zhou Y, Qin H, Wu C, Pang C, Lian Y, Xu J (2012) Pretreatment of wastewater from acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resin manufacturing by microelectrolysis. Chem Eng J 179:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lai B, Zhou Y, Yang P, Yang J, Wang J (2013) Degradation of 3,3′-iminobis-propanenitrile in aqueous solution by Fe0/GAC micro-electrolysis system. Chemosphere 90:1470–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Langhals H, Jona W (1998) Intense dyes through chromophore-chromophore interactions: bi- and trichromophoric perylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide)s. Angew Chem Int Ed 37:952–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li C, Wang H, Lu D, Wu W, Ding J, Zhao X, Xiong R, Yang M, Wu P, Chen F, Fang P (2017) Visible-light-driven water splitting from dyeing wastewater using Pt surface-dispersed TiO2-based nanosheets. J Alloys Compd 699:183–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu H, Li G, Qu J, Liu H (2007) Degradation of azo dye acid Orange 7 in water by Fe0/granular activated carbon system in the presence of ultrasound. J Hazard Mater 144:180–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu P, Keller J, Gernjak W (2016) Enhancing zero valent iron based natural organic matter removal by mixing with dispersed carbon cathodes. Sci Total Environ 550:95–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Luo J, Song G, Liu J, Qian G, Xu ZP (2014) Mechanism of enhanced nitrate reduction via micro-electrolysis at the powdered zero-valent iron/activated carbon interface. J Colloid Interface Sci 435:21–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Manu B, Chaudhari S (2002) Anaerobic decolorisation of simulated textile wastewater containing azo dyes. Bioresour Technol 82:225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ou C, Shen J, Zhang S, Mu Y, Han W, Sun X, Li J, Wang L (2016) Coupling of iron shavings into the anaerobic system for enhanced 2,4-dinitroanisole reduction in wastewater. Water Res 101:457–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qin L, Zhang G, Meng Q, Xu L, Lv B (2012) Enhanced MBR by internal micro-electrolysis for degradation of anthraquinone dye wastewater. Chem Eng J 210:575–584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qin Z, Liu S, Liang S-x, Kang Q, Wang J, Zhao C (2016) Advanced treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater with combined micro-electrolysis, Fenton oxidation, and coagulation sedimentation method. Desalin Water Treat 57:25369–25378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Regti A, Ben El Ayouchia H, Laamari MR, Stiriba SE, Anane H, El Haddad M (2016) Experimental and theoretical study using DFT method for the competitive adsorption of two cationic dyes from wastewaters. Appl Surf Sci 390:311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ruan X-C, Liu M-Y, Zeng Q-F, Ding Y-H (2010) Degradation and decolorization of reactive red X-3B aqueous solution by ozone integrated with internal micro-electrolysis. Sep Purif Technol 74:195–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun L, Song H, Li Q, Li A (2016) Fe/Cu bimetallic catalysis for reductive degradation of nitrobenzene under toxic conditions. Chem Eng J 283:366–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Van der Zee FP, Bisschops IAE, Lettinga G, Field JA (2003) Activated carbon as an electron acceptor and redox mediator during the anaerobic biotransformation of azo dyes. Environ Sci Technol 37:402–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wen C, Paul W, Leenheer JA, Karl B (2003) Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix regional integration to quantify spectra for dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 37:5701–5710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wen C, Xu X, Fan Y, Xiao C, Ma C (2018) Pretreatment of water-based seed coating wastewater by combined coagulation and sponge-iron-catalyzed ozonation technology. Chemosphere 206:238–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Xu X, Cheng Y, Zhang T, Ji F, Xu X (2016) Treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater using interior micro-electrolysis/Fenton oxidation-coagulation and biological degradation. Chemosphere 152:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xu Z, Tian D, Sun Z, Zhang D, Zhou Y, Chen W, Deng H (2019) Highly porous activated carbon synthesized by pyrolysis of polyester fabric wastes with different iron salts: pore development and adsorption behavior. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 565:180–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xu Z, Yuan Z, Zhang D, Chen W, Huang Y, Zhang T, Tian D, Deng H, Zhou Y, Sun Z (2018a) Highly mesoporous activated carbon synthesized by pyrolysis of waste polyester textiles and MgCl2: physiochemical characteristics and pore-forming mechanism. J Clean Prod 192:453–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Xu Z, Zhang T, Yuan Z, Zhang D, Sun Z, Huang YX, Chen W, Tian D, Deng H, Zhou Y (2018b) Fabrication of cotton textile waste-based magnetic activated carbon using FeCl3 activation by the Box-Behnken design: optimization and characteristics. RSC Adv 8:38081–38090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ya V, Guillou EL, Chen YM, Yu JH, Choo KH, Chuang SM, Lee SJ, Li CW (2018) Scrap iron packed in a Ti mesh cage as a sacrificial anode for electrochemical Cr(VI) reduction to treat electroplating wastewater. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 87:91–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yahiaoui I, Aissani-Benissad F, Madi K, Benmehdi N, Fourcade F, Amrane A (2013) Electrochemical pre-treatment combined with biological treatment for the degradation of methylene blue dye: Pb/PbO2 electrode and modeling-optimization through central composite design. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:14743–14751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yamaguchi R, Kurosu S, Suzuki M, Kawase Y (2018) Hydroxyl radical generation by zero-valent iron/Cu (ZVI/Cu) bimetallic catalyst in wastewater treatment: heterogeneous Fenton/Fenton-like reactions by Fenton reagents formed in-situ under oxic conditions. Chem Eng J 334:1537–1549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yang K, Jin Y, Yue Q, Zhao P, Gao Y, Wu S (2017a) Comparison of two modified coal ash ferric-carbon micro-electrolysis ceramic media for pretreatment of tetracycline wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:12462–12473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yang Z, Ma Y, Liu Y, Li Q, Zhou Z, Ren Z (2017b) Degradation of organic pollutants in near-neutral pH solution by Fe-C micro-electrolysis system. Chem Eng J 315:403–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ying D, Xu X, Li K, Wang Y, Jia J (2012) Design of a novel sequencing batch internal micro-electrolysis reactor for treating mature landfill leachate. Chem Eng Res Des 90:2278–2286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yuan L, Zhi W, Xie Q, Chen X, Liu Y (2015) Lead removal from solution by a porous ceramisite made from bentonite, metallic iron, and activated carbon. Environ Sci 1:814–822Google Scholar
  43. Yuan Y, Lai B, Tang Y-Y (2016) Combined Fe0/air and Fenton process for the treatment of dinitrodiazophenol (DDNP) industry wastewater. Chem Eng J 283:1514–1521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yuan Z, Xu Z, Zhang D, Chen W, Zhang T, Huang Y, Gu L, Deng H, Tian D (2018) Box-Behnken design approach towards optimization of activated carbon synthesized by co-pyrolysis of waste polyester textiles and MgCl2. Appl Surf Sci 427:340–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhang C, Zhou M, Yu X, Ma L, Yu F (2015) Modified iron-carbon as heterogeneous electro-Fenton catalyst for organic pollutant degradation in near neutral pH condition: characterization, degradation activity and stability. Electrochim Acta 160:254–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang Y, Yang B, Han Y, Jiang C, Wu D, Fan J, Ma L (2016) Novel iron metal matrix composite reinforced by quartz sand for the effective dechlorination of aqueous 2-chlorophenol. Chemosphere 146:308–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhao S, Ma H, Wang M, Cao C, Xiong J, Xu Y, Yao S (2010) Study on the mechanism of photo-degradation of p-nitrophenol exposed to 254 nm UV light. J Hazard Mater 180:86–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhou H, Lv P, Shen Y, Wang J, Fan J (2013) Identification of degradation products of ionic liquids in an ultrasound assisted zero-valent iron activated carbon micro-electrolysis system and their degradation mechanism. Water Res 47:3514–3522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhu F, Ma S, Liu T, Deng X (2018b) Green synthesis of nano zero-valent iron/cu by green tea to remove hexavalent chromium from groundwater. J Clean Prod 174:184–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhu X, Chen X, Yang Z, Liu Y, Zhou Z, Ren Z (2018a) Investigating the influences of electrode material property on degradation behavior of organic wastewaters by iron-carbon micro-electrolysis. Chem Eng J 338:46–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and ArchitectureUniversity of Shanghai for Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations