Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 27457–27469 | Cite as

Temporal investigation of radionuclides and heavy metals in a coastal mining area at Ierissos Gulf, Greece

  • Filothei K. PappaEmail author
  • Christos Tsabaris
  • Dionisis L. Patiris
  • Georgios Eleftheriou
  • Alexandra Ioannidou
  • Effrosini G. Androulakaki
  • Michael Kokkoris
  • Roza Vlastou
Research Article


Vertical variations of radionuclides, trace metals, and major elements were determined in two sediment cores, which were collected in the marine environment of Ierissos Gulf near Stratoni’s mining area. The enrichment factors (EFs) were also estimated and provided moderately severe to extremely severe enrichment for most trace elements and Mn, describing the anthropogenic influence in the gulf during the previous century. According to the applied dating models based on 210Pb and 137Cs, the effect in the marine sediment due to the exploitation of pyrite for the production of sulfuric acid during 1912–1920 was observed. Additionally, the decrease of mining activity during 1935–1945 due to the Second World War and the type of ore exploitation, the alteration of the exploited ores, and the construction and operation of Olympiada’s floatation plant during 1950–1970 were identified. The end of tailing discharging into the marine environment during 1980–2010 was also noted.


Radionuclides and heavy metals Marine sediment Ierissos Gulf Radiometric dating Enrichment factor 



Mrs. F.K. Pappa would like to acknowledge A.G. Leventis Foundation for the financial support of her PhD thesis, as well as Mr. Costas Papathanasiou for the fruitful discussions regarding the interpretation of the metal and metal flux profiles in the historical reconstruction section. Mrs. F.K. Pappa would also like to thank Mr. K. Sarantakos for the discussions regarding the classification of the metal enrichment into the sediment. The crew of the R/V AEGEAO is also acknowledged for providing samples from the offshore part of Ierissos Gulf.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_5921_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (285 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 284 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filothei K. Pappa
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Christos Tsabaris
    • 1
  • Dionisis L. Patiris
    • 1
  • Georgios Eleftheriou
    • 1
  • Alexandra Ioannidou
    • 3
  • Effrosini G. Androulakaki
    • 1
  • Michael Kokkoris
    • 2
  • Roza Vlastou
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of OceanographyHellenic Centre for Marine ResearchAnavyssosGreece
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsNational Technical University of AthensZografouGreece
  3. 3.Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics Division Department of PhysicsAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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