Column and batch sorption investigations of nickel(II) on extractant-impregnated resin
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Macroporous resin-supported reagents have been identified as potential adsorbents for removal of toxic pollutants. This article presents an experimental designed to evaluate the sorption and desorption of nickel(II) with the help of column and batch procedure using simple extractant-impregnated resin (EIR). Isonitroso-4-methyl-2-pentanone (IMP) as an extractant was impregnated on a solid support like Amberlite XAD-4 to prepare the EIR sorbent. Column experimental conditions such as pH, sample flow rate and volume, eluting solution, and interfering ions were studied to optimize the nickel(II) sorption and recovery from aqueous media. The column results suggest that the quantitative nickel(II) sorption was observed at pH 5–6, and the quantitative recovery (≥ 95%) was achieved by using 1.0 M HNO3. The high concentrations of cations and anions (except EDTA) present in the spiked binary and multi-element mixture solution show no interferences in both quantitative sorption and recovery of nickel(II), whereas the batch experiments were performed to evaluate nickel(II) sorption behavior using the linearized and non-linearized kinetic and isotherm models. By error function analysis, the Freundlich isotherm and the pseudo-first-order kinetic model were found to describe best the experimental data obtained over the studied concentration range and sorption time, respectively. The maximum sorption capacity of nickel(II) onto the EIR sorbent was found to be ~ 81 mg/g. The mean free energy (E = 10.1 kJ/mol) determined using Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm suggests chemical nature of nickel(II) sorption on EIR. The novelty of the EIR adsorbent lies in its potential for separation and recovery of nickel(II) at trace level in water samples of different origin.
KeywordsNickel Extractant-impregnated resin Sorption Isotherms Kinetics
Authors are thankful to the Prof. Debajyoti Paul, Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India, for providing atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) facility for nickel analysis. We sincerely thank the anonymous reviewer and Prof. Angeles Blanco (Editor) for thoughtful and thorough reviews, which have significantly improved the clarity of the manuscript.
One of the authors (SRT) appreciates University Grant Commission (UGC), India, for the financial support given via the Research Fellowship in Science for Meritorious Students (RFSMS) vide letter no. F.7-136/2007(BSR), dated 19/10/2012.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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