Iron-polyphenol complex nanoparticles for removal of greenhouse gas emission from bitumen and formation of paraffins

  • Priyam Nath BhowmikEmail author
  • Pranjit Barman
  • Mokaddes Ali Ahmed
Research Article


The removal of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from bitumen used in the construction of flexible pavement by iron-polyphenol complex nanoparticles (Fe-PNPs) has been examined in the study. Laboratory studies indicated the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) with Fe-PNPs is a function of the amount of additive (Fe-PNPs). From the experimental data, it was found that the reduction of CO2 increases with increasing amount of additive up to a dosage of 4% (by weight of bitumen) without severely changing the basic engineering properties of the bitumen. The reduction of GHG is due to the conversion of the CO2 to a mixture of hydrocarbon in the presence of Fe-PNPs. The characterization of the additive by SEM, FTIR, UV, and XRD indicated the formation of the Fe-PNPs. The analysis of the basic engineering properties of bitumen such as penetration value, softening point of the bitumen, flash point, fire point, and ductility in the presence of additive as well as without the additive were studied and reflected a noticeable effect in the reduction of the CO2. The reduction of GHG by Fe-PNPs minimizes the environmental impact and saving energy by increasing the yield of hydrocarbons.


GHG Fe-PNPs Hydrocarbon 



The author acknowledge to the MHRD Govt. of India for financial support, SAIF IIT Bombay for SEM and IR analysis of compounds, and IACS Kolkata for UV-visible spectroscopy.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_5867_MOESM1_ESM.doc (214 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 214 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priyam Nath Bhowmik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pranjit Barman
    • 2
  • Mokaddes Ali Ahmed
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia

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