Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 27002–27013 | Cite as

Assessment of Pb2+ removal capacity of lichen (Evernia prunastri): application of adsorption kinetic, isotherm models, and thermodynamics

  • Zeynep Mine Şenol
  • Ülküye Dudu GülEmail author
  • Selçuk Şimşek
Research Article


Biological materials play a significant role in the treatment of heavy metal-contaminated soil and wastewater. In this study, the Pb2+ biosorption potential of lichen Evernia prunastri, extensively available at a forest in Bilecik-Turkey, was investigated at batch-scale level. The optimal conditions were determined and the adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamic calculations were also done. In order to have detailed knowledge about metal biosorption, SEM, FTIR, and BET analyses were carried out before and after the biosorption process. The optimal pH was found pH 4 and the maximum metal uptake capacity was found as 0.067 mol kg−1. The results of this study indicate that the lichen was effectively applied to the removal of Pb2+ process as an inexpensive biosorbent from industrial wastewater.


Biosorption Lichen Pb2+ Wastewater treatment 



The present study was partly supported by the Cumhuriyet University Scientific Research Projects Commission.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zara Vocational School, Department of Food TechnologyCumhuriyet UniversitySivasTurkey
  2. 2.Vocational School of Health Services, Biotechnology Application and Research CenterBilecik Seyh Edebali UniversityBilecikTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Science, Department of ChemistryCumhuriyet UniversitySivasTurkey

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