Effect of temperature on tertiary nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater in a PHBV/PLA-supported denitrification system

  • Zhongshuo Xu
  • Xiaohu Dai
  • Xiaoli ChaiEmail author
Research Article


In this study, a poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)/poly(lactic acid) (PHBV/PLA)–supported denitrification system was built to remove nitrogen from municipal wastewater treatment plant secondary effluent, and the influence of operating temperature on nitrogen removal was further investigated. Results indicated that a PHBV/PLA-supported denitrification system could effectively fulfill the tertiary nitrogen removal. The nitrogen removal efficiency gradually declined with the operating temperature decreasing, and the denitrification rate at 30 °C was 5 times higher than that at 10 °C. Meanwhile, it was found that a slight TOC accumulation only occurred at 30 °C (with an average of 2.03 mg/L) and was avoided at 10~20 °C. The reason for effluent TOC variation was further explained through the consumption and generation pathways of TOC in this system. Furthermore, the temperature coefficient was about 0.02919, indicating that the PHBV/PLA-supported denitrification system was a little sensitive to temperature. A better knowledge of the effect of operating temperature will be significant for the practical application of the solid-phase denitrification system.


Tertiary nitrogen removal PHBV/PLA polymer Denitrification Temperature coefficient 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Water Pollution Control and Treatment Science and Technology Major Project of China (No. 2017ZX07202002-05).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Fisheries Research InstituteShanghai Fisheries Technical Extension StationShanghaiChina

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