Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 26439–26448 | Cite as

Effects of detergents on natural ecosystems and wastewater treatment processes: a review

  • Seyyed Alireza MousaviEmail author
  • Farank Khodadoost
Review Article
  • 92 Downloads

Abstract

Among the different contaminants, detergent as an important pollutant has serious risks to natural ecosystems. Furthermore, detergents can pass into the wastewater treatment plants and have bad effect on their performance. They are part of human life and consumed for different aims especially hygienic purposes. Therefore, detergent components can enter to soil and water bodies from different sources. Detergents affect fauna and flora, and they have direct and indirect effects on ecosystems. Eutrophication, foaming, and altering parameters such as temperature, salinity, turbidity, and pH are more important, and their effects need to be managed and controlled. Researchers confirmed that aerobic processes are able to degrade the most of detergents but anaerobic degradation is not possible because of restricted metabolic pathways and toxicity of them. Therefore, production of environment-friendly detergent is an important issue around the world.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Detergents Toxicity Soil pollution Biodegradation Foaming Wastewater treatment 

Notes

References

  1. Abd-Allah AM, Srorr T (1998) Biodegradation of anionic surfactants in the presence of organic contaminants. Water Res 32(3):944–947Google Scholar
  2. Anwar AF (2011a) Effect of greywater irrigation on soil characteristics. 2nd International Conference on Environmental Science and Development. IPCBEE, IACSIT Press 4:15–18Google Scholar
  3. Anwar AF (2011b) Effect of laundry greywater irrigation on soil properties. J Environ Res Dev 5(4):863–870Google Scholar
  4. Ashforth G, Calvin G (1973) Safety evaluation of substitutes for phosphates in detergents. Water Res 7(1–2):309–320Google Scholar
  5. Baker Z, Harrison RW, Miller BF (1941) Inhibition by phospholipids of the action of synthetic detergents on bacteria. J Exp Med 74(6):621–637Google Scholar
  6. Belsito DV, Klaassen CD, Liebler DC, Hill RA, Marks Jr JG, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW (2013) Safety assessment of alkyl betaines as used in cosmetics. Cosmetic Ingredient Review, cirinfo@cir-safety.orgGoogle Scholar
  7. Borja R, Banks CJ (1995) Response of an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor treating ice-cream wastewater to organic, hydraulic, temperature and pH shocks. J Biotechnol 39(3):251–259Google Scholar
  8. Brandt KK, Hesselso M, Roslev P, Henriksen K, Sørensen J (2001) Toxic effects of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate on metabolic activity, growth rate, and microcolony formation of Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira strains. Appl Environ Microbiol 67(6):2489–2498Google Scholar
  9. Cavalli L, Gellera A, Landone A (1993) LAS removal and biodegradation in a wastewater treatment plant. Environ Toxicol Chem Int J 12(10):1777–1788Google Scholar
  10. Chaturvedi V, Kumar A (2010) Isolation of sodium dodecyl sulfate degrading strains from a detergent polluted pond situated in Varanasi City, India (Sodyum dodesil sülfat yikan suslarin Varanasi sehri, Hindistan’da deterjan kirliligi olan göletten izolasyonu). J Cell Mol Biol 8(2):103–111Google Scholar
  11. Chaturvedi AD, Tiwari K (2013) Effect of household detergents (surfactants) degraded through aquatic fungi. Recent Res Sci Technol 5(5):12–16Google Scholar
  12. Chawla G, Misra V, Viswanathan PN, Devi S (1989) Toxicity of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate on some aquatic plants. Water Air Soil Pollut 43(1):41–51Google Scholar
  13. Chio JT, Dayrit FM, Ocampo PP, Ocampo VR (1992) A study on the environmental impact of detergents, III: toxicity of alkylbenzene sullfonates (ABS) and coconut fatty alcohol sulfates towards fish and rats. Philipp J Sci:39–50Google Scholar
  14. Chitikela, S., H. Allen, et al. (1994) Effects and fate of anionic surfactants used in household cleaning products. Hazardous & Industrial Wastes: Proceedings of the 26th Mid-Atlantic Industrial Waste Conference, Lewis.Google Scholar
  15. Cserháti T, Illés Z, Nemes I (1991) Effect of non-ionic tensides on the growth of some soil bacteria. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 35(1):115–118Google Scholar
  16. Delforno T, Moura A, Okada DY, Sakamoto IK, Varesche MBA (2015) Microbial diversity and the implications of sulfide levels in an anaerobic reactor used to remove an anionic surfactant from laundry wastewater. Bioresour Technol 192:37–45Google Scholar
  17. DeSimone JM (2002) Practical approaches to green solvents. Science 297(5582):799–803Google Scholar
  18. Eckenfelder WW (2000) Industrial water pollution control, second ed. McGraw-Hill Inc., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. El-Gawad HSA (2014) Aquatic environmental monitoring and removal efficiency of detergents. Water Sci 28(1):51–64Google Scholar
  20. Eslami H, Talebi Hematabadi P, Ghelmani SV, Derakhshan Z (2015) The performance of advanced sequencing batch reactor in wastewater treatment plant to remove organic materials and linear alkyl benzene sulfonates. Jundishapur J Health Sci 7(3):e29620Google Scholar
  21. Faryal R, Hameed A (2005) Isolation and characterization of various fungal strains from textile effluent for their use in bioremediation. Pak J Bot 37(4):1003–1008Google Scholar
  22. Filip C, Fletcher G, Wulff JL, Earhart CF (1973) Solubilization of the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli by the ionic detergent sodium-lauryl sarcosinate. J Bacteriol 115(3):717–722Google Scholar
  23. Florence AT, Tucker IG, Walters KA (1984) Interactions of nonionic polyoxyethylene alkyl and aryl ethers with membranes and other biological systems, ACS. Chapter 13:189–207Google Scholar
  24. Giagnorio M, Amelio A, Grüttner H, Tiraferri A (2017) Environmental impacts of detergents and benefits of their recovery in the laundering industry. J Clean Prod 154:593–601Google Scholar
  25. Henau H, Matthijs E et al (1989) Trace analysis of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) by HPLC. Detailed results from two sewage treatment plants. In: Quaghebeur D, Temmerman I, Angeletti G (eds) Organic contaminants in waste water, sludge and sediment. Elsevier Applied Science, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. Hirata H, Hattori N, Ishida M, Okabayashi H, Frusaka M, Zana R (1995) Small-angle neutron-scattering study of bis(quaternary ammonium bromide) surfactant micelles in water. Effect of the spacer chain length on micellar structure. J Phys Chem 99(50):17778–17784Google Scholar
  27. Imandel K, Razeghi N, Samar P (1978) Tehran ground water pollution by detergents. Water Air Soil Pollut 9(1):119–122Google Scholar
  28. Ishihara M, Togo H (2006) An efficient preparation of 2-imidazolines and imidazoles from aldehydes with molecular iodine and (diacetoxyiodo) benzene. Synlett 2006(02):227–230Google Scholar
  29. Issa A, Ismail M (1995) Effects of detergents on River Nile water microflora. Acta Hydrobiol 2(37):93–102Google Scholar
  30. Issayeva AU, Syrlybayeva EZ, Zhymadullayeva AI, Balgabekova A (2015) The effect of detergents on the anatomical changes in the roots of beans. J Educ Policy Entrep Res 2(2):18–22Google Scholar
  31. Jaeger W, Bohrisch J, Laschewsky A (2010) Synthetic polymers with quaternary nitrogen atoms—synthesis and structure of the most used type of cationic polyelectrolytes. Prog Polym Sci 35(5):511–577Google Scholar
  32. Jha B, Singh DN (2016) Applications of fly ash zeolites: case studies. Fly Ash Zeolites, Springer, Singapore, p 191–202Google Scholar
  33. Jovanic BR, Bojovic S, Panic B, Radenkovic B, Despotovic M (2010) The effect of detergent as polluting agent on the photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll content in bean leaves. Sci Res 2(05):395–399Google Scholar
  34. Karray F, Mezghani M, Mhiri N, Djelassi B, Sayadi S (2016) Scale-down studies of membrane bioreactor degrading anionic surfactants wastewater: isolation of new anionic-surfactant degrading bacteria. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 114:14–23Google Scholar
  35. Kemmei T, Kodama S, Yamamoto A, Inoue Y, Hayakawa K (2007) Determination of sequestering agents in cosmetics and synthetic detergents by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. J Chromatogr A 1171(1):63–68Google Scholar
  36. Khalil EF, Whitmore TN, Gamal-El-Din H, El-Bassel A, Lloyd D (1988) The effects of detergents on anaerobic digestion. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 29(5):517–522Google Scholar
  37. Khleifat KM (2006) Biodegradation of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) by two different bacterial consortia. Curr Microbiol 53(5):444–448Google Scholar
  38. Kogawa AC, Cernic BG, Couto LGDD, Salgado HRN (2017) Synthetic detergents: 100 years of history. Saudi Pharm J 25(6):934–938Google Scholar
  39. Krause-Jensen D, Middelboe AL, Carstensen J, Dahl K (2007) Spatial patterns of macroalgal abundance in relation to eutrophication. Mar Biol 152(1):25–36Google Scholar
  40. Lee KH, Park KY, Khanal SK, Lee JW (2013) Effects of household detergent on anaerobic fermentation of kitchen wastewater from food waste disposer. J Hazard Mater 244:39–45Google Scholar
  41. Lima TM, Procópio LC, Brandão FD, Leão BA, Tótola MR, Borges AC (2011) Evaluation of bacterial surfactant toxicity towards petroleum degrading microorganisms. Bioresour Technol 102(3):2957–2964Google Scholar
  42. Ludwig HF, Sekaran AS (1988) Evaluation of use of anionic detergents (ABS) in Malaysia. Water Res 22(2):257–262Google Scholar
  43. Madsen T, Boyd HB, Nylén D, Pedersen AR, Petersen GI, Simonsen F (2001) Environmental and health assessment of substances in household detergents and cosmetic detergent products. Environ Proj 615(2001):221Google Scholar
  44. Mandić L, Đukić D, Pesakovic M (2006) Effect of different detergent concentrations on the soil microorganisms number. Acta Agriculturae Serbica 11(22):69–74Google Scholar
  45. Marchesi JR, Russell NJ, White GF, House WA (1991) Effects of surfactant adsorption and biodegradability on the distribution of bacteria between sediments and water in a freshwater microcosm. Appl Environ Microbiol 57(9):2507–2513Google Scholar
  46. Mensah KA, Forster CF (2003) An examination of the effects of detergents on anaerobic digestion. Bioresour Technol 90(2):133–138Google Scholar
  47. Motteran F, Braga JK, Sakamoto IK, Varesche MBA (2014) Methanogenic potential of an anaerobic sludge in the presence of anionic and nonionic surfactants. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 96:198–204Google Scholar
  48. Mousavi S, Mahvi A, Nasseri S, Ghafari S (2011) Effect of Fenton process (H2O2/Fe2+) on removal of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate using central composite. Iran J Environ Health Sci Eng 8(2):129–138Google Scholar
  49. Myers EG (1992) Soap and detergents. Inedible meat by-products, Springer, Dordrecht, p 149–176Google Scholar
  50. Nagel P, Urtubia A, Aroca G, Chamy R, Schiappacasse M (1999) Methanogenic toxicity and anaerobic biodegradation of chemical products in use in a brewery. Water Sci Technol 40(8):169–176Google Scholar
  51. Negin C, Ali S, Xie Q (2017) Most common surfactants employed in chemical enhanced oil recovery. Petroleum 3(2):197–211Google Scholar
  52. Nie Y, Kato H, Sugo T, Hojo T, Tian X, Li YY (2017) Effect of anionic surfactant inhibition on sewage treatment by a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor: efficiency, sludge activity and methane recovery. Chem Eng J 315:83–91Google Scholar
  53. Nkpondion N, Ugwumba A, Esenowo IK (2016) The toxicity effect of detergent on enzymatic and protein activities of African mud catfish (Clarias gariepinus). J Environ Anal Toxicol 6(361):2161–0525Google Scholar
  54. Okada DY, Delforno TP, Esteves AS, Sakamoto IK, Duarte ICS, Varesche MBA (2013) Optimization of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) degradation in UASB reactors by varying bioavailability of LAS, hydraulic retention time and specific organic load rate. Bioresour Technol 128:125–133Google Scholar
  55. Oliveira LL, Costa RB, Okada DY, Vich DV, Duarte ICS, LuizSilva E, Varesche MBA (2010) Anaerobic degradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in fluidized bed reactor by microbial consortia in different support materials. Bioresour Technol 101(14):5112–5122Google Scholar
  56. Osorio VKL, Oliveira W (2001) Polifosfatos em detergentes em pó comerciais. Quim Nova 24(5):700–708Google Scholar
  57. Pandey P, Gopal B (2010) Effect of detergents on the growth of two aquatic plants: Azolla pinnata and Hydrilla verticillata. Environ We Int J Sci Technol 5:107–114Google Scholar
  58. Papadopoulos A, Savvides C, LoizidisK M, Haralambous J, Loizidou M (1997) An assessment of the quality and treatment of detergent wastewater. Water Sci Technol 36(2):377–381Google Scholar
  59. Pattusamy V, Nandini N, Bheemappa K (2013) Detergent and sewage phosphates entering into lake ecosystem and its impact on aquatic environment. Int J Adv Res 1(3):129–133Google Scholar
  60. Peng Z, Darnault CJ, Tian F, Philippe CB, Hu H (2017) Influence of anionic surfactant on saturated hydraulic conductivity of loamy sand and sandy loam soils. Water 9(6):433Google Scholar
  61. Penteado JCP, El Seoud OA, Carvalho LRF (2006) Alquilbenzeno sulfonato linear: uma abordagem ambiental e analítica. Quim Nova 29(5):1038–1046Google Scholar
  62. Perales JA, Manzano M, Sales D, Quiroga JM (1999) Linear alkylbenzene sulphonates: biodegradability and isomeric composition. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 63(1):94–100Google Scholar
  63. Pinto U, Maheshwari BL, Grewal HS (2010) Effects of greywater irrigation on plant growth, water use and soil properties. Resour Conserv Recycl 54(7):429–435Google Scholar
  64. Rajan DS (2015) An evaluation of the effect of a detergent on dissolved oxygen consumption rate of Anabas testudineus. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2(6):46–48Google Scholar
  65. Rejeki S, Rahmat A (2013) Chronic effects of detergent surfactant (linear alkylbenzene sulfonate i las) on the growth and survival rate of sea bass (Lates calcalifor Bloch) larvae. J Coast Devel 8(3):207–226Google Scholar
  66. Ríos F, Lechuga M, Fernández-Serrano M, Fernández-Arteaga A (2017) Aerobic biodegradation of amphoteric amine-oxide-based surfactants: effect of molecular structure, initial surfactant concentration and pH. Chemosphere 171:324–331Google Scholar
  67. Santos DK, Rufino RD, Luna JM, Santos VA, Sarubbo LA (2016) Biosurfactants: multifunctional biomolecules of the 21st century. Int J Mol Sci 17(3):401Google Scholar
  68. Sawadogo B, Sou M, Hijikata N (2014) Effect of detergents from grey water on irrigated plants: case of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa). J Arid Land 24:117–120Google Scholar
  69. Schowanek D, David H, Francaviglia R, Hall J, Kirchmann H, Krogh PH, Schraepen N, Smith S, Wildemann T (2007) Probabilistic risk assessment for linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in sewage sludge used on agricultural soil. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 49(3):245–259Google Scholar
  70. Schroder F, Schmitt M (2001) The effects of wastewater treatment on elimination of anionic surfactants. Waste Manag 12(19):125–131Google Scholar
  71. Shafran A, Gross A, Ronen Z, Weisbrod N, Adar E (2005) Effects of surfactants originating from reuse of greywater on capillary rise in the soil. Water Sci Technol 52(10–11):157–166Google Scholar
  72. Shin D, Tryk DA, Fujishima A, Wang J (2005) Resistance to surfactant and protein fouling effects at conducting diamond electrodes. Electroanalysis 17(4):305–311Google Scholar
  73. Sikkema J, Bont JA, Poolman B (1995) Mechanisms of membrane toxicity of hydrocarbons. Microbiol Rev 59(2):201–222Google Scholar
  74. Stojanović J, Milićević J, Gajović O, Jakovljevic V, Matović I, Mijušković Z, Nedeljković T (2011) The effects of detergent, sodium tripoly-phosphate and ethoxyled oleyl-cetyl alcohol on metabolic parameters of the fungus Trichothecium roseum Link. Arch Biol Sci 63(4):1001–1006Google Scholar
  75. Sutili FK, Miotto N, Rigoti E, Pergher SBC, Penha FG (2009) Aplicação de zeólitas sintéticas como coadjuvante em formulação detergente (Application of synthetic zeolites as builder in detergent formulation). Quim Nova 32(4):879–883Google Scholar
  76. Wiel-Shafran A, Ronen Z, Weisbrod N, Adar E, Gross A (2006) Potential changes in soil properties following irrigation with surfactant-rich greywater. Ecol Eng 26(4):348–354Google Scholar
  77. Zhang C, Valsaraj KT, Constanta WD, Royc D (1999) Aerobic biodegradation kinetics of four anionic and nonionic surfactants at sub-and supra-critical micelle concentrations (CMCs). Water Res 33(1):115–124Google Scholar
  78. Zhang C, Tezel U, Li K, Liu D, Ren R, Du J, Pavlostathis SG (2011) Evaluation and modeling of benzalkonium chloride inhibition and biodegradation in activated sludge. Water Res 45(3):1238–1246Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, and Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH)Kermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Social Development and Health Promotion Research CenterKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  3. 3.Student Research CommitteeKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran

Personalised recommendations