Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 27362–27371 | Cite as

Performance and emission reduction characteristics of cerium oxide nanoparticle-water emulsion biofuel in diesel engine with modified coated piston

  • Elumalai Perumal VenkatesanEmail author
  • Annamalai Kandhasamy
  • Arularasu Sivalingam
  • Appuraja Senthil Kumar
  • KrishnaMoorthy Ramalingam
  • Paul james thadhani Joshua
  • Dhinesh Balasubramanian
Research Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

In the present scenario, the utilization of petroleum fuel is expanding forcefully worldwide in the vitality store and plays a highly hazardous role in the ecological system. Biofuel stands out among the most tenable keys for this issue. The lemongrass oil is used as a biofuel because of low density and viscosity when compared with diesel. The lemongrass oil is extracted by steam distillation process. In the present investigation, partially stabilized zirconium, due to its higher thermal conductivity, is selected as coating material. The top surface of the piston and the inlet and exhaust valves are coated up to the preferred thickness of 500 μm by the plasma spray technique. The lemongrass emulsion fuel is prepared in the proportion of 94% of lemongrass oil, 5% of water, and 1% of surfactant span 80. The nanoparticles of cerium oxide were used with lemongrass oil (LGO) nano-emulsion in the measurement of 30 ppm. The four-stroke diesel engine execution, ignition, and the outflow extent were contrasted in the diesel and lemongrass oil (LGO) compared with the base diesel engine. The performance characteristic curves of lemongrass-cerium oxide nano-emulsion fuel show the increase in brake thermal efficiency of 17.21% when compared with the mineral diesel fuel. The emission characteristics of lemongrass-cerium oxide nano-emulsion fuel show a drop in hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emission by 16.21% and 15.21%, respectively, when compared with base diesel fuel and also there is a decrease in oxides of nitrogen and smoke emission by 24.1% and 6.3%, respectively, when compared to mineral diesel fuel.

Keywords

Cerium oxide nanoparticles Low heat rejection engine Emulsion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author sincerely thanks Dr. K. Annamalai, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Automobile Engineering, Anna University (MIT Campus), for his valuable guidance throughout the research work. The author also thanks Dr. V. P. Ramamoorthy, former Professor of Anna University and present Managing Trustee of Dhanalakshmi College of Engineering, for his motivation and support for the research work.

References

  1. Aghbashlo M (2017) A novel emulsion fuel containing aqueous nano cerium oxide additive in diesel–biodiesel blends to improve diesel engines performance and reduce exhaust emissions part II—exergetic analysis. Fuel 205:262–271.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.05.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aghbashlo M, Tabatabaei M, Mohammadi P, Mirzajanzadeh M, Ardjmand M, Rashidi A (2016) Effect of an emission-reducing soluble hybrid nanocatalyst in diesel/biodiesel blends on exergetic performance of a DI diesel engine. Renew Energy 93:353–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arockiasamy P, Anand RB (2015) Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a D.I. diesel engine fuelled with nanoparticle blended jatropha biodiesel. Period Polytech Mech Engg 59:88–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Attia AMA, Kulchitskiy AR (2014) Influence of the structure of water-in-fuel emulsion on diesel engine performance. Fuel 116:703–708.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.08.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Basha JS, Anand RB (2012) Effects of nanoparticle additive in the water-diesel emulsion fuel on the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine. Int J Veh Des 59:164–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Basha JS, Anand RB (2014) Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using carbon nanotubes blended jatropha methyl ester emulsions. Alex Eng J 53:259–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Channappagoudra M, Ramesh K, Manavendra G (2018) Comparative investigation of the effect of hemispherical and toroidal piston bowl geometries on diesel engine combustion characteristics. Biofuel Res J 19:854–862Google Scholar
  8. Chen Z, Wang X, Pei Y, Zhang C, Xiao M, He J (2015) Experimental investigation of the performance and emissions of diesel engines by a novel emulsified diesel fuel. Energy Convers Manage 95:334–411Google Scholar
  9. Devarajan Y, Munuswamy DB, Mahalingam A (2018) Influence of nano-additive on performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine running on neat neem oil biodiesel. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:26267–26172.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2618-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dowding JM, Dosani T, Kumar A, Seal S, Self WT (2012) Cerium oxide nanoparticles scavenge nitric oxide radical (NO). Chem Commun 48:4896–4908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elumalai PV, Annamalai K, Lingesan S, Arularasu S, Appuraja S (2019a) Experimental investigation on lemongrass oil water emulsion in low heat rejection direct ignition diesel engine. J Test Eval 47:20170357.  https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20170357 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elumalai PV, Annamalai K, Dhinesh B (2019b) Effects of thermal barrier coating on the performance, combustion and emission of DI diesel engine powered by biofuel oil–water emulsion. J Therm Anal Calorim 137:593–605.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-018-7948-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gumus S, Ozcan H, Ozbey M, Topaloglu B (2016) Aluminum oxide and copper oxide nanodiesel fuel properties and usage in a compression ignition engine. Fuel 163:80–87.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.09.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gurusala NK, Selvan VAM (2015) Effects of alumina nanoparticles in waste chicken fat biodiesel on the operating characteristics of a compression ignition engine. Clean Techn Environ Policy 17:681–692.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-014-0825-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hasannuddin AK, Wira JY, Srithar R (2016) Effect of emulsion fuel on engine emissions—a review. Clean Techn Environ Policy 18:17–32.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-015-0986-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hoang AT, Le AT (2019) Trilateral correlation of spray characteristics, combustion parameters, and deposit formation in the injector hole of a diesel engine running on preheated Jatropha oil and fossil diesel fuel. Biofuel Res J 21:909–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hosseinzadeh-Bandbafha H, Tabatabaei M, Aghbashlo M, Khanali M, Demirbas A (2018) A comprehensive review on the environmental impacts of diesel/biodiesel additives. Energy Convers Manag 174:579–614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ithnin AM (2017) Emulsifier-free water-in-diesel emulsion fuel: its stability behaviour, engine performance and exhaust emission. Fuel 215:454–462.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.11.061 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jayakar J, Elumalai PV, Annamalai K, Mailainathan DB, Harikrishnan G (2018) Macroscopic characteristics of palm oil and palm oil methyl ester using dimensionless analysis. J Oil Palm Res.  https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2018.0000
  20. Jenaa SK, Acharyaa SK, Harish CD, Pragyan P, Patnaika (2018) Investigation of the effect of FeCl3 on combustion and emission of diesel engine with thermal barrier coating. Sustain Environ Res 28:72–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.serj.2017.10.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kannan GR, Anand R (2011) Experimental investigation on diesel engine with diestrol–water micro emulsions. Energy 36:1680–1687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Khalife E (2017a) A novel emulsion fuel containing aqueous nano cerium oxide additive in diesel–biodiesel blends to improve diesel engines performance and reduce exhaust emissions part I—experimental analysis. Fuel 207:741–750.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.06.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khalife E (2017b) Impacts of additives on performance and emission characteristics of diesel engines during steady state operation. Prog Energy Combust Sci 59:32–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kumar C, Rana KB, Tripathi B, Nayyar A (2018) Properties and effects of organic additives on performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine: a comprehensive review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:22475–22498.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2537-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mahalingam A, Munuswamy DB, Devarajan Y, Radhakrishnan S (2018) Emission and performance analysis on the effect of exhaust gas recirculation in alcohol-biodiesel aspirated research diesel engine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:12641–12647.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1522-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Millo F, Debnath BK, Vlachos T, Ciaravino C, Postrioti L, Buitoni G (2015) Effects of different biofuels blends on performance and emissions 4 of an automotive diesel engine. Fuel 159:614–627.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.06.096 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mrad N, GeoVaruvel E, Tazerout M, Aloui F (2012) Effects of biofuel from fish oil industrial residue—diesel blends in diesel engine. Energy 44:1955–1963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Panithasan MS, Gopalakichenin D, Venkadesan G, Veeraraagavan S (2018) Impact of rice husk nanoparticle on the performance and emission aspects of a diesel engine running on blends of pine oil-diesel. Environ Sci Pollut Res 1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3601-y
  29. Pipitone E, Costanza A (2018) An experimental investigation on the long-term compatibility of preheated crude palm oil in a large compression ignition diesel engine. Biofuel Res J 20:900–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rashedul HK, Kalam MA, Masjuki HH, Teoh YH, How HG, Monirul IM, Imdadul HK (2017) Attempts to minimize nitrogen oxide emission from diesel engine by using antioxidant-treated diesel-biodiesel blend. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:9305–9313.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8573-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sajith V (2010) Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle fuel additives on biodiesel. Adv Mech Eng 2:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/581407 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sajith V, Sobhan CB, Peterson GP (2010) Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle fuel additives on biodiesel. Adv Mech Eng 2:581407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sakthivel G, Nagarajan G, langkumaran M, Gaikwad AB (2014) Comparative analysis of performance, emission and combustion parameters of diesel engine fuelled with ethyl ester of fish oil and its diesel blends. Fuel 132:116–124  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.04.059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Senthil MK, Kerihuel A, Bellettre J, Tazerout M (2005) Effect of water and methanol fractions on the performance of a CI engine using animal fat emulsions as fuel. ProcIMechE Part A. J Power Energy 219:583–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Subramanian T, Varuvel EG, Ganapathy S, Vedharaj S, Vallinayagam R (2018) Role of fuel additives on reduction of NOX emission from a diesel engine powered by camphor oil biofuel. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:15368–15377.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1745-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tabatabaei M (2015) A novel soluble nano-catalysts in diesel–biodiesel fuel blends to improve diesel engines performance and reduce exhaust emissions. Fuel 139:374–382.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.09.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vallinayagam R, Vedharaj S, Yang WM, Lee PS (2014) Operation of neat pine oil biofuel in a diesel engine by providing ignition assistance. Energy Convers Manag 88:1032–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Varuvel EG, Mrad N, Tazerout M, Aloui F (2012) Experimental analysis of biofuel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Appl Energy 94:224–231.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.01.067 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yang H, An K, Chou S, Vedharaji R, Vallinagam M, Balaji FEA, Mohammad KJE (2013) Emulsion fuel with novel nano-organic additives for diesel engine application. Fuel 104:726–731.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.04.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yilmaz IT, Gumus M (2017) Investigation of the effect of biogas on combustion and emissions of TBC diesel engine. Fuel 188:69–78  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.10.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elumalai Perumal Venkatesan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Annamalai Kandhasamy
    • 3
  • Arularasu Sivalingam
    • 2
  • Appuraja Senthil Kumar
    • 2
  • KrishnaMoorthy Ramalingam
    • 2
  • Paul james thadhani Joshua
    • 2
  • Dhinesh Balasubramanian
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDhanalakshmi College of EngineeringChennai - 601 301India
  2. 2.Research Scholar, Department of Automobile Engineering, Madras Institute of Technology CampusAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Automobile Engineering, Madras Institute of Technology CampusAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMepcoSchlenk Engineering CollegeVirudhunagarIndia

Personalised recommendations