Effect of the combined application of fungal residue and chemical fertilizers on the mineralization of soil organic carbon in paddy fields

  • Sibo Shi
  • Xudong WangEmail author
  • Zhengqian Ye
  • Wenbo Chen
  • Ting Li
  • Junhui Chen
  • Jianwu Li
Research Article


Improving soil quality, reducing waste, and mitigating climate change require an understanding of the balance between soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and depletion after the application of different quantities of fungal residue and chemical fertilizers. We evaluated the mineralized carbon (MC) content and mineralization rate (MR) after nine applications of chemical fertilizers (C) and fungal residue (F) in paddy fields, at rates of 0, 50, and 100%. A double exponential model was used to calculate the potential rates of MC and SOC turnover. The combined application of fungal residue and chemical fertilizers led to significantly higher MC and MR, by 24.97–100.05 and 24.36–98.07%, respectively, during 57 days of incubation than that of the control. The MC and MR values were highest with the C50F100 treatment. Simulations with the double exponential model showed that both the active SOC pools (C1) and potential SOC mineralization flux C1 + C2 were highest with C50F100, and the MR constants, k1 and k2, were highest with C100F100. The potential SOC MR [(C1 + C2) / SOC] was highest with C50F100. The application of fungal residue and chemical fertilizers to paddy fields effectively alleviated soil acidification caused by chemical fertilizers and increased the nutrient content, MC, MR, C1, and C1 + C2 of soils. However, the over-use of fungal residue or chemical fertilizers produces the reverse effects. Therefore, appropriate quantities of chemical fertilizers and fungal residue need to be applied to enhance the carbon sequestration capacity of soils while improving the MC and MR.


Fungal residue Chemical fertilizers Organic carbon mineralization Kinetic equation Aggregated boosted tree Relative influence 



The authors express their gratitude to Xinbiao Qian and Lin Lin for their skillful assistance in the laboratory and during field work. The editor and anonymous reviewers are appreciated for their valuable criticisms and comments, which substantially improved the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31601271) and the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY16D010010).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019
corrected publication June 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental and Resource Science, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Contaminated Soil RemediationZhejiang Agricultural and Forestry UniversityHangzhouChina

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