Changes of vegetation carbon sequestration in the tableland of Loess Plateau and its influencing factors

  • Jie Zhang
  • Mengyun LiuEmail author
  • Mengmeng Zhang
  • Jinghan Yang
  • Runshan Cao
  • Sukhdev S. Malhi
Research Article


The variations of vegetation carbon sequestration have become a gauge for evaluating the ecological effect of vegetation restoration. In this study, the spatiotemporal patterns of the net ecosystem production (NEP) were simulated using an improved CASA model and GSMSR model. It showed that the NEP markedly increased in the tableland of Loess Plateau during 2003–2012, with an annual average growth of 3.65 g C·m−2 a−1. The mixed broadleaf-conifer forest ranked first (127.23 g C·m−2 a−1) while the bare land and sparse vegetation presented the lowest carbon sequestration (14.64 g C·m−2 a−1). The NEP manifested a significantly uneven overall spatial distribution: high in the southwest and low in the northeast. The spatial variations of NEP resulted from the combined effects of geographic position, terrain, meteorology, and soil and vegetation, respectively. Quantitative isolation revealed that the most dominant factor of vegetation carbon sequestration was soil and vegetation, while terrain exerted insignificant impacts on the NEP.


NEP CASA·GSMSR Influencing factors Tableland of Loess Plateau 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Program on Key Research Project (2016YFC0501703), Basic Research program of Natural Science in Shaanxi (2017JZ008), and Open Foundation of Key Laboratory for Agricultural Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, P.R. China.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Zhang
    • 1
  • Mengyun Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mengmeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Jinghan Yang
    • 1
  • Runshan Cao
    • 1
  • Sukhdev S. Malhi
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Department of Renewable ResourcesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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