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Major, trace, and rare-earth elements in the zooplankton of the Laptev Sea in relation to community composition

  • Nikolay V. LobusEmail author
  • Elena G. Arashkevich
  • Ekaterina A. Flerova
Research Article

Abstract

We investigated the concentrations of major, trace, and rare-earth elements in zooplankton in relation to species community composition from the eastern part of the Lena Delta to the continental slope of the Laptev Sea in September 2015. The elemental composition of zooplankton inhabiting different areas demonstrated similarities. Cross-shelf changes were found for only 4 (Li, Zn, As, and U) of the 56 elements analyzed. Zinc was the only element concentration of which successively reduced across coastal–open ocean gradient. Considering own and literary data, we can assume that the cross-shelf decrease of zinc accumulation in zooplankton is a universal pattern, manifested in different climatic and biogeochemical environmental conditions and with different species compositions of the zooplankton community. Cross-shelf changes were also established for Li, As, and U. However, the concentrations of these elements increased along the gradient. We assume that increased As concentration in zooplankton across the shelf–continental slope gradient of the Laptev Sea is associated with a change in the feeding behavior of the species of the zooplankton community. However, a sharp increase in the concentrations of Li and U in zooplankton was associated with the appearance of Calanus copepods in the community. The average total concentration of rare-earth elements and yttrium in zooplankton of the Laptev Sea was 752.8 ng g−1 of dry weight. We found record high levels of rare-earth elements for zooplankton of the inner shelf, near the eastern part of the Lena Delta. From the inner shelf to the continental slope of the Laptev Sea, La, Ce, and Nd were the dominant rare-earth elements. The elemental composition of zooplankton in the Arctic Seas is characterized by a much lower content of major and trace elements in comparison with the zooplankton and total plankton of the ocean.

Keywords

Arctic Chemical composition of zooplankton Bioaccumulation Emerging pollutants 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The sea expeditionary research was performed under a state assignment by the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. The authors are grateful to the supervisor M. V. Flint, the scientific parties, and the crew of R/V Akademik Mstislav Keldysh, cruise 63, for their professional support on the investigation of the Russian Arctic seas. The authors are also grateful to Dr. E. A. Romankevich for his insightful comments on the manuscript. English was checked by professional editor service (www.proof-reading-services.org) with native English.

Funding information

This research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation, research project no. 18-77-00064 (collecting and processing of data of the major, trace, and rare-earth element composition of zooplankton), research project no. 14-50-00095 (collecting and processing of data of the biomass and species composition of zooplankton), and the state assignment of IO RAS, theme 0149-2019-0006 (analytical processing of data of the OC and ash content).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Yaroslavl Scientific Research Institute of Livestock Breeding and Forage ProductionRussian Academy of SciencesYaroslavlRussia

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