An environment-friendly composite as an adsorbent for removal Cu (II) ions

  • Livy Laysandra
  • Immanuel Joseph Ondang
  • Yi-Hsu Ju
  • Jindrayani Nyoo Putro
  • Shella Permatasari Santoso
  • Felycia Edi SoetarejoEmail author
  • Suryadi IsmadjiEmail author
Research Article


The low-cost composite film was prepared by incorporating chitosan, berry soap fruit extract (rarasaponin), and bentonite as the raw materials. The produced chitosan/rarasaponin/bentonite (CRB) composite exhibits outstanding adsorption capability toward copper metal ions (Cu(II)). A series of static adsorption experiments were carried out to determine the isotherm and kinetic properties of CRB composite in the adsorption process. The adsorption equilibrium shows a good fit with the Langmuir isotherm model; the CRB composite has maximum uptake of Cu (II) of 412.70 mg/g; the kinetic adsorption data exhibit a good fit with the pseudo-second-order model. The thermodynamic parameters, ΔH°, ΔG°, and ΔS°, obtained from the isotherm data indicate that the uptake of copper ions by CRB composite is more favored at low temperatures. This study shows that physicochemical modified adsorbent, namely CRB composite, can remove Cu (II) better than pristine adsorbent of AAB and chitosan. The CRB composite also shows potential reusability.


Ca-bentonite Rarasaponin Chitosan Heavy metals Copper ions Isotherms Kinetics Thermodynamics Adsorption 


Funding information

Financial support from Indonesia Ministry of Research and Technology and Higher Education through PDUPT research scheme.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_5524_MOESM1_ESM.docx (112 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 112 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Livy Laysandra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Immanuel Joseph Ondang
    • 1
  • Yi-Hsu Ju
    • 3
  • Jindrayani Nyoo Putro
    • 2
  • Shella Permatasari Santoso
    • 1
    • 2
  • Felycia Edi Soetarejo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Suryadi Ismadji
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringWidya Mandala Surabaya Catholic UniversitySurabayaIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipei CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Graduate Institute of Applied Science and TechnologyNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipei CityTaiwan

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