Advertisement

A novel sorbent for removal of reactive textile dye: TDPA-KCl

  • Ilknur Tosun SatırEmail author
  • Fatih Sayin
  • Tevfik Gedikbey
  • Sibel Tunali Akar
Research Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The use of alunite as an adsorbent for the removal of dye was the aim of this report. Mixing the alunite with different salts may allow adsorption with higher efficiency. In the present study, the thermal decomposition product of alunite-potassium chloride mixture (TDPA-KCl) was used efficiently and inexpensively to remove Reactive Blue 49 (RB49) dye. The adsorption capacity of TDPA-KCl was found to be affected by pH, temperature, adsorbent amount, calcination temperature, dye concentration, and ionic strength. The highest RB49 adsorption yield was obtained at an initial pH of 2 and an equilibrium was reached within 20 min using 80 mg of adsorbent. The most suitable kinetic model was found as the pseudo-second-order and compatible isotherm was determined as the Langmuir model. The optimum adsorption capacity was found as 119.10 mg g−1 at 40 °C. ∆G°, ∆H°, and ∆S° values were calculated. A positive value of ∆H° stated that the adsorption is exothermic and spontaneous. In addition, ∆G° showed a more negative value when temperature was increased. Column studies indicated that TDPA-KCl could be effectively used for five cycles without any loss in its desorption potential. Breakthrough studies also supported a favorable adsorption of RB49 onto TDPA-KCl. This study showed that TDPA-KCl is a practical, efficient, and inexpensive adsorbent to remove reactive dyes from wastewater.

Keywords

Adsorption Alunite Decomposition Isotherm Kinetics RB49 TDPA-KCl 

Notes

References

  1. Akar ST, Akar T, Kaynak Z, Anilan B, Cabuk A, Tabak O, Demir TA, Gedikbey T (2009) Removal of copper(II) ions from synthetic solution and real wastewater by the combined action of dried Trametes versicolor cells and montmorillonite. Hydrometallurgy 97:98–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2009.01.009
  2. Akar ST, Tosun I, Ozcan A, Gedikbey T (2010) Phosphate removal potential of the adsorbent material prepared from thermal decomposition of alunite ore-KCl mixture in environmental cleanup. Desalination 260:107–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.04.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aksu Z, Balibek E (2010) Effect of salinity on metal-complex dye biosorption by Rhizopus arrhizus. J Environ Manag 91:1546–1555.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.02.026
  4. Ashraf SS, Rauf MA, Alhadrami S (2006) Degradation of Methyl Red using Fenton’s reagent and the effect of various salts. Dyes Pigments 69:74–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.02.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bilgili MS (2006) Adsorption of 4-chlorophenol from aqueous solutions by xad-4 resin: isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic analysis. J Hazard Mater 137:157–164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.01.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brookstein DS (2009) Factors associated with textile pattern dermatitis caused by contact allergy to dyes, finishes, foams, and preservatives. Dermatol Clin 27:309–322.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.det.2009.05.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Calvete T, Lima EC, Cardoso NF, Dias SLP, Pavan FA (2009) Application of carbon adsorbents prepared from the Brazilian pine-fruit-shell for the removal of Procion Red MX 3B from aqueous solution—kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic studies. Chem Eng J 155:627–636.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.08.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cardoso NF, Pinto RB, Lima EC, Calvete T, Amavisca CV, Royer B, Cunha ML, Fernandes THM, Pinto IS (2011) Removal of remazol black B textile dye from aqueous solution by adsorption. Desalination 269:92–103.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.10.047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. da Silva LG, Ruggiero R, Gontijo PD, Pinto RB, Royer B, Lima EC, Fernandes THM, Calvete T (2011) Adsorption of Brilliant Red 2BE dye from water solutions by a chemically modified sugarcane bagasse lignin. Chem Eng J 168:620–628.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.01.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Lima ROA, Bazo AP, Salvadori DMF, Rech CM, Oliveira DD, Umbuzeiro GD (2007) Mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of a textile azo dye processing plant effluent that impacts a drinking water source. Mutat Res-Gen Tox En 626:53–60.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2006.08.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dincer AR, Gunes Y, Karakaya N, Gunes E (2007) Comparison of activated carbon and bottom ash for removal of reactive dye from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 98:834–839.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.03.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dubinin MM, Radushkevich LV (1947) The equation of the characteristic curve of activated charcoal. Proc Acad Sci USSR Phys Chem Sect 55:331Google Scholar
  13. Freundlich H (1906) Über die absorption in lösungen. J Phys Chem 57:385–470Google Scholar
  14. Gay DSF, Fernandes THM, Amavisca CV, Cardoso NF, Benvenutti EV, Costa TMH, Lima EC (2010) Silica grafted with a silsesquioxane containing the positively charged 1,4-diazoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane group used as adsorbent for anionic dye removal. Desalination 258:128–135.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.03.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gupta VK, RJ SM, Nayak A (2010) Adsorption–desorption studies of indigocarmine from industrial effluents by using deoiled mustard and its comparison with charcoal. J Colloid Interface Sci 348:628–633.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2010.04.085 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hall KR, Eagleton LC, Acrivos A, Vermeulen T (1966) Pore- and solid-diffusion kinetics in fixed-bed adsorption under constant-pattern conditions. Ind Eng Chem Fundam 5:212–223.  https://doi.org/10.1021/i160018a011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hameed BH (2008) Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl violet sorption by agricultural waste. J Hazard Mater 154:204–212.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.10.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00112-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kara S, Aydiner C, Demirbas E, Kobya M, Dizge N (2007) Modeling the effects of adsorbent dose and particle size on the adsorption of reactive textile dyes by fly ash. Desalination 212:282–293.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2006.09.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kayan B, Gozmen B, Demirel M, Gizir AM (2010) Degradation of acid red 97 dye in aqueous medium using wet oxidation and electro-Fenton techniques. J Hazard Mater 177:95–102.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.11.076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kucuk F, Yildiz K (2006) The decomposition kinetics of mechanically activated alunite ore in air atmosphere by thermogravimetry. Thermochim Acta 448:107–110.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2006.07.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lagergren S (1898) Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  23. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02242a004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leechart P, Nakbanpote W, Thiravetyan P (2009) Application of ‘waste’ wood-shaving bottom ash for adsorption of azo reactive dye. J Environ Manag 90:912–920.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.02.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lima EC, Royer B, Vaghetti JCP, Simon NM, da Cunha BM, Pavan FA, Benvenutti EV, Cataluña-Veses R, Airoldi C (2008) Application of Brazilian pine-fruit shell as a biosorbent to removal of reactive red 194 textile dye from aqueous solution Kinetics and equilibrium study. J Hazard Mater 155:536–550.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Malik PK (2004) Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 113:81–88.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Namasivayam C, Radhika R, Suba S (2001) Uptake of dyes by a promising locally available agricultural solid waste: coir pith. Waste Manag 21:381–387.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053x(00)00081-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nethaji S, Sivasamy A, Thennarasu G, Saravanan S (2010) Adsorption of Malachite Green dye onto activated carbon derived from Borassus aethiopum flower biomass. J Hazard Mater 181:271–280.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Orfao JJM, Silva AIM, Pereira JCV, Barata SA, Fonseca IM, Faria PCC, Pereira MFR (2006) Adsorption of a reactive dye on chemically modified activated carbons - Influence of pH. J Colloid Interface Sci 296:480–489.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.09.063 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ozacar M (2003a) Phosphate adsorption characteristics of alunite to be used as a cement additive. Cem Concr Res 33:1583–1587.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00113-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ozacar M (2003b) Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of adsorption of phosphorus on calcined alunite. Adsorption 9:125–132.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024289209583 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ozacar M, Sengil IA (2002) Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solutions by calcined alunite and granular activated carbon. Adsorption 8:301–308.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021585413857 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ozer A, Akkaya G, Turabik M (2006) The removal of Acid Red 274 from wastewater: combined biosorption and biocoagulation with Spirogyra rhizopus. Dyes Pigments 71:83–89.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.06.004
  34. Royer B, Cardoso NF, Lima EC, Vaghetti JCP, Simon NM, Calvete T, Veses RC (2009) Applications of Brazilian pine-fruit shell in natural and carbonized forms as adsorbents to removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions-kinetic and equilibrium study. J Hazard Mater 164:1213–1222.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.09.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sengil A (1995) The utilization of alunite ore as a coagulant Aid. Water Res 29:1988–1992.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(94)00534-E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tseng RL, Tseng SK, Wu FC (2006) Preparation of high surface area carbons from Corncob with KOH etching plus CO2 gasification for the adsorption of dyes and phenols from water. Colloid Surf A 279:69–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.12.042
  37. Tunali S, Ozcan AS, Ozcan A, Gedikbey T (2006) Kinetics and equilibrium studies for the adsorption of Acid Red 57 from aqueous solutions onto calcined-alunite. J Hazard Mater 135:141–148.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.11.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vijayaraghavan K, Yun Y-S (2008) Biosorption of C.I. Reactive Black 5 from aqueous solution using acid-treated biomass of brown seaweed Laminaria sp. Dyes Pigments 76:726–732.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2007.01.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vilar VJP, Botelho CMS, Boaventura RAR (2007) Methylene blue adsorption by algal biomass based materials: biosorbents characterization and process behaviour. J Hazard Mater 147:120–132.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.12.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilknur Tosun Satır
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fatih Sayin
    • 2
  • Tevfik Gedikbey
    • 2
  • Sibel Tunali Akar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and ScienceHitit UniversityCorumTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and ScienceEskişehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey

Personalised recommendations