Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 18, pp 18053–18070 | Cite as

Opportunities and challenges in the remediation of metal-contaminated soils by using tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.): a critical review

  • Muhammad Zia ur Rehman
  • Muhammad RizwanEmail author
  • Muhammad Irfan Sohail
  • Shafaqat AliEmail author
  • Aisha A. Waris
  • Hinnan Khalid
  • Asif Naeem
  • Hamaad Raza Ahmad
  • Arslan Rauf
Review Article


The successful phytoextraction of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) from polluted soils can be achieved by growing non-food and industrial crops. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is one of the main industrial crops and is widely grown in many countries. Tobacco can uptake high concentrations of PTEs especially in aboveground biomass without suffering from toxicity. This review highlighted the potential of tobacco for the phytoextraction of heavy metals and tolerance mechanisms under metal stress. Different management practices have been discussed which can enhance the potential of this plant for metal extraction. Finally, suitable options for the management/disposal of biomass enriched in excess metal have been elaborated to prevent secondary pollution.


Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) Hyperaccumulation Tobacco Contaminated soils 


Funding information

This research work was financially supported by the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Zia ur Rehman
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rizwan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Muhammad Irfan Sohail
    • 1
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 2
    Email author
  • Aisha A. Waris
    • 1
  • Hinnan Khalid
    • 1
  • Asif Naeem
    • 3
  • Hamaad Raza Ahmad
    • 1
  • Arslan Rauf
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB)FaisalabadPakistan

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