A review of bismuth-based sorptive materials for the removal of major contaminants from drinking water

  • Manish RanjanEmail author
  • Prabhat Kumar Singh
  • Arun Lal Srivastav
Resource Recovery from Wastewater, Solid Waste and Waste Gas: Engineering and Management Aspects


In recent years, bismuth has gained attention of many researchers because of its sorptive properties. Sorptive properties of bismuth compounds are used for removal of ionic contaminants from aqueous solution. In this paper, an attempt is made to review the recent developments in the area of contaminant removal from aqueous solutions using bismuth-based media. List of various bismuth-based adsorbents are collected from published literature and their adsorption capacities are also compared. The methods of characterization of some of the synthesized bismuth-based materials have also been discussed. Hydrous bismuth oxides (HBOs) have sorptive potential for nitrate and fluoride removal from aqueous solution with maximum capacity of 0.508–0.512 mg/g and 0.60–1.93 mg/g respectively. Thus, it can be beneficially used for treatment of drinking water treatment, particularly in small scale household applications.


Sorptive removal Nitrate Fluoride Hydrous bismuth oxide (HBOs) Characterization XRD 



All the necessary facilities for this work have been provided by the Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), India. Thanks are also due to anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestion.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)VaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Chitkara University School of Engineering and TechnologyChitkara UniversitySolanIndia

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