Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 27494–27504 | Cite as

Evaporation and concentration of desulfurization wastewater with waste heat from coal-fired power plants

  • Hao Zheng
  • Chenghang ZhengEmail author
  • Xiang Li
  • Shiguo Xu
  • Shaojun Liu
  • Youngxin Zhang
  • Weiguo Weng
  • Xiang Gao
Research Article


The reduction of wet desulfurization wastewater is one of the important tasks of coal-fired power plants, and it is important for achieving “zero emissions.” Evaporation and concentration (E&C) with waste heat is an effective way to reduce wastewater. Here, two typical types of industrial desulfurization wastewater are used to study the change rule of pH and total dissolved solids during wastewater concentration in a circulating evaporation tower. The results indicate that with the increase of concentration ratio, the pH of desulfurization wastewater is decreased rapidly and then is gradually stabilized at 2–3 when SO2 or SO3 is contained in flue gas, and the increase in conductivity is less for wastewater with higher SO42− content. The characteristics of various ions are also analyzed, and the composition and microscopic morphology of the precipitates are characterized during concentration. The growth pattern of Ca2+ concentration is dependent on the ratio of Ca2+ and SO42− in raw wastewater. When the concentration ratio is 7.21, the insoluble and slightly soluble substances undergo precipitation and the solid content is approximately 20%, which can help realize the concentration and reduction of desulfurization wastewater.


WFGD Desulfurization wastewater Ion characteristic Precipitate composition 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1609212, 51621005)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Zheng
    • 1
  • Chenghang Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiang Li
    • 1
  • Shiguo Xu
    • 2
  • Shaojun Liu
    • 1
  • Youngxin Zhang
    • 1
  • Weiguo Weng
    • 1
  • Xiang Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, National Environmental Protection Coal-fired Air Pollution Control Engineering Technology CenterZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Zhongyou Ruisi Technology Development Co., LtdTianjinChina

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