Advertisement

Adsorption mechanism of Pb2+ ions by Fe3O4, SnO2, and TiO2 nanoparticles

  • Mahfooz-ur Rehman
  • Wajid Rehman
  • Muhammad WaseemEmail author
  • Shahzad Hussain
  • Sirajul Haq
  • Muhammad Anees-ur Rehman
Research Article
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

Nanosized sorbents for the removal of heavy metal ions are preferred due to high surface area, smaller size, and enhanced reactivity during adsorbate/adsorbent interactions. In the present study, Fe3O4, SnO2, and TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by microemulsion-assisted precipitation method. The particles were characterized by BET surface area, X-rays diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmittance electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopy. The respective particle sizes calculated from TEM were 7 nm (± 2), 10 nm (± 2), and 20 nm (± 3) for Fe3O4, SnO2, and TiO2. The adsorbents were employed for the adsorption of Pb2+ ions from the aqueous solutions. The respective maximum adsorption capacity for Fe3O4, SnO2, and TiO2 nanoparticles was 53.33, 47.21, and 65.65 mg/g at 313 K. Based on the exchange reaction taking place on the surfaces of Fe3O4, SnO2, and TiO2, it is concluded that Pb2+ ions are adsorbed in hydrated form. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies also support the exchange mechanism and confirmed the presence of elements like Fe, Sn, Ti, Pb, and O and their oxidation states. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models in non-linear form were applied, however, based on RL values, the Langmuir model fits well to the sorption data. Moreover, adsorption parameters were also determined by using non-linear form of the Langmuir model along with statistical approaches to remove error. The qm and Kb values confirm better adsorption capacity and binding strength for Pb2+ ions as compared to the values reported in the literature.

Keywords

Adsorption Lead Magnetite Modeling Nanoparticles 

Notes

References

  1. Abou-Mesalam M (2003) Sorption kinetics of copper, zinc, cadmium and nickel ions on synthesized silico-antimonate ion exchanger. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 225:85–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aredes S, Klein B, Pawlik M (2012) The removal of arsenic from water using natural iron oxide minerals. J Clean Prod 29:208–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bagbi Y, Sarswat A, Mohan D, Pandey A, Solanki PR (2016) Lead (Pb2+) adsorption by monodispersed magnetite nanoparticles: surface analysis and effects of solution chemistry. J Environ Chem Eng 4:4237–4247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beheshti H, Irani M (2016) Removal of lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions using diatomite nanoparticles. Desalin Water Treat 57:18799–18805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhatt AS, Sakaria PL, Vasudevan M, Pawar RR, Sudheesh N, Bajaj HC, Mody HM (2012) Adsorption of an anionic dye from aqueous medium by organoclays: equilibrium modeling, kinetic and thermodynamic exploration. RSC Adv 2:8663–8671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhattacharya A, Naiya T, Mandal S, Das S (2008) Adsorption, kinetics and equilibrium studies on removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions using different low-cost adsorbents. Chem Eng J 137:529–541Google Scholar
  7. Brower JB, Ryan RL, Pazirandeh M (1997) Comparison of ion-exchange resins and biosorbents for the removal of heavy metals from plating factory wastewater. Environ Sci Technol 31:2910–2914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carp O, Huisman CL, Reller A (2004) Photoinduced reactivity of titanium dioxide. Prog Solid State Chem 32:33–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Casaletto MP, Lisi L, Mattogno G, Patrono P, Ruoppolo G (2004) An XPS study of titania-supported vanadyl phosphate catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane. Appl Catal A Gen 267:157–164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2004.02.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen J-Z, Tao X-C, Xu J, Zhang T, Liu Z-L (2005) Biosorption of lead, cadmium and mercury by immobilized microcystis aeruginosa in a column. Process Biochem 40:3675–3679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Da̧browski A, Hubicki Z, Podkościelny P, Robens E (2004) Selective removal of the heavy metal ions from waters and industrial wastewaters by ion-exchange method chemosphere, vol 56, pp 91–106Google Scholar
  12. Dalton JS, Janes P, Jones N, Nicholson J, Hallam K, Allen G (2002) Photocatalytic oxidation of NOx gases using TiO2: a surface spectroscopic approach. Environ Pollut 120:415–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Devi RS, Venckatesh R, Sivaraj R (2014) Synthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles by sol-gel technique. Int J Innov Res Sci, Eng Technol 3:15206–15211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dönmez G, Aksu Z (2002) Removal of chromium (VI) from saline wastewaters by Dunaliella species. Process Biochem 38:751–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fytianos K, Voudrias E, Kokkalis E (2000) Sorption–desorption behaviour of 2, 4-dichlorophenol by marine sediments. Chemosphere 40:3–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Giraldo L, Erto A, Moreno-Piraján JC (2013) Magnetite nanoparticles for removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions: synthesis and characterization. Adsorption 19:465–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gupta V, Saini V, Jain N (2005) Adsorption of As (III) from aqueous solutions by iron oxide-coated sand. J Colloid Interface Sci 288:55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haq S, Rehman W, Waseem M, Shahid M, Shah KH, Nawaz M (2016) Adsorption of Cd2+ ions on plant mediated SnO2 nanoparticles. Mater Res Express 3:105019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hussain S, Khurshid Hasanain S, Hassnain Jaffari G, Faridi S, Rehman F, Ali Abbas T, Ismat Shah S (2013) Size and lone pair effects on the multiferroic properties of Bi0.75A0.25FeO3−δ (A = Sr, Pb, and Ba) ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 96:3141–3148.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.12458 Google Scholar
  20. Jamil M, Zia MS, Qasim M (2010) Contamination of agro-ecosystem and human health hazards from wastewater used for irrigation. J Chem Soc Pak 32:370–378Google Scholar
  21. Juang R-S, Chung J-Y (2004) Equilibrium sorption of heavy metals and phosphate from single-and binary-sorbate solutions on goethite. J Colloid Interface Sci 275:53–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Keith L, Telliard W (1979) ES&T special report: priority pollutants: Ia perspective view. Environ Sci Technol 13:416–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khan S, Cao Q, Zheng Y, Huang Y, Zhu Y (2008) Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. Environ Pollut 152:686–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kim M-S, Hong K-M, Chung JG (2003) Removal of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption process with anatase-type titanium dioxide. Water Res 37:3524–3529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kocabaş-Ataklı ZÖ, Yürüm Y (2013) Synthesis and characterization of anatase nanoadsorbent and application in removal of lead, copper and arsenic from water. Chem Eng J 225:625–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lee J-C, Kim M-S, Kim B-W (2002) Removal of paraquat dissolved in a photoreactor with TiO2 immobilized on the glass-tubes of UV lamps. Water Res 36:1776–1782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mahapatra A, Mishra B, Hota G (2013) Electrospun Fe 2 O 3–Al 2 O 3 nanocomposite fibers as efficient adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 258:116–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mohan D, Singh KP, Singh VK (2006) Trivalent chromium removal from wastewater using low cost activated carbon derived from agricultural waste material and activated carbon fabric cloth. J Hazard Mater 135:280–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Moradi A, Moghadam PN, Hasanzadeh R, Sillanpää M (2017) Chelating magnetic nanocomposite for the rapid removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solutions: characterization, kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies. RSC Adv 7:433–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mustafa S, Waseem M, Naeem A, Shah K, Ahmad T, Hussain SY (2010) Selective sorption of cadmium by mixed oxides of iron and silicon. Chem Eng J 157:18–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nassar NN (2010) Rapid removal and recovery of Pb (II) from wastewater by magnetic nanoadsorbents. J Hazard Mater 184:538–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Omar KA, Omar NS (2016) Lead removal from agricultural soil of Kurdistan region by Fe3O4 nanoparticles ARO-the scientific. J Koya Univ 2:24–31Google Scholar
  33. Patil GE et al (2011) Synthesis, characterization and gas sensing performance of SnO 2 thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis. Bull Mater Sci 34:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Poursani AS, Nilchi A, Hassani A, Shariat SM, Nouri J (2016) The synthesis of nano TiO2 and its use for removal of lead ions from aqueous solution. J Water Resour Prot 8:438–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rahman MM, Khan SB, Marwani HM, Asiri AM (2015) A SnO2-Sb2O3 nanocomposite for selective adsorption of lead ions from water samples prior to their determination by ICP-OES. Microchim Acta 182:579–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rajput S, Pittman CU, Mohan D (2016) Magnetic magnetite (Fe 3 O 4) nanoparticle synthesis and applications for lead (Pb 2+) and chromium (Cr 6+) removal from water. J Colloid Interface Sci 468:334–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sakthivel R, Das B, Satpati B, Mishra B (2009) Gold supported iron oxide–hydroxide derived from iron ore tailings for CO oxidation. Appl Surf Sci 255:6577–6581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Salazar-Camacho C, Villalobos M, de la Luz Rivas-Sánchez M, Arenas-Alatorre J, Alcaraz-Cienfuegos J, Gutiérrez-Ruiz ME (2013) Characterization and surface reactivity of natural and synthetic magnetites. Chem Geol 347:233–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Setiadi E, Sebayang P, Ginting M, Sari A, Kurniawan C, Saragih C, Simamora P (2016) The synthesization of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles based on natural iron sand by co-precipitation method for the used of the adsorption of Cu and Pb ions. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. vol 1. IOP Publishing, p 012020Google Scholar
  40. Shao-feng N, Yong L, Xin-hua X, Zhang-hua L (2005) Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by iron nanoparticles. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 6:1022–1027Google Scholar
  41. Shipley HJ (2007) Magnetite nanoparticles for removal of arsenic from drinking water. Rice University, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  42. Soler-Illia GA, Louis A, Sanchez C (2002) Synthesis and characterization of mesostructured titania-based materials through evaporation-induced self-assembly. Chem Mater 14:750–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sun Y, Ding C, Cheng W, Wang X (2014) Simultaneous adsorption and reduction of U(VI) on reduced graphene oxide-supported nanoscale zerovalent iron. J Hazard Mater 280:399–408.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.08.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tammina SK, Mandal BK, Kadiyala NK (2018) Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye by nonconventional synthesized SnO2 nanoparticles. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manag 10:339–350Google Scholar
  45. Uheida A, Salazar-Alvarez G, Björkman E, Yu Z, Muhammed M (2006) Fe 3 O 4 and γ-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles for the adsorption of Co 2+ from aqueous solution. J Colloid Interface Sci 298:501–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang XS, Zhu L, Lu HJ (2011) Surface chemical properties and adsorption of Cu (II) on nanoscale magnetite in aqueous solutions. Desalination 276:154–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang W, Tang B, Ju B, Gao Z, Xiu J, Zhang S (2017) Fe3O4-functionalized graphene nanosheet embedded phase change material composites: efficient magnetic- and sunlight-driven energy conversion and storage. J Mater Chem A 5:958–968.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ta07144a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yu JC, Zhang L, Zheng Z, Zhao J (2003) Synthesis and characterization of phosphated mesoporous titanium dioxide with high photocatalytic activity. Chem Mater 15:2280–2286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yuwei C, Jianlong W (2011) Preparation and characterization of magnetic chitosan nanoparticles and its application for Cu (II) removal. Chem Eng J 168:286–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zargoosh K, Abedini H, Abdolmaleki A, Molavian MR (2013) Effective removal of heavy metal ions from industrial wastes using thiosalicylhydrazide-modified magnetic nanoparticles. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:14944–14954.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie401971w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang Q, Gao Y, Zhai Y, Liu F, Gao G (2008) Synthesis of sesbania gum supported dithiocarbamate chelating resin and studies on its adsorption performance for metal ions. Carbohydr Polym 73:359–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang M, Jin C-C, Xu L-H, Ding T (2012) Effect of temperature, salinity, and pH on the adsorption of lead by sediment of a tidal river in East China. In: 2012 International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. IEEE, pp 1389–1391Google Scholar
  53. Zhang J, Zhu Y, Cao C, Butt FK (2015) Microwave-assisted and large-scale synthesis of SnO2/carbon-nanotube hybrids with high lithium storage capacity. RSC Adv 5:58568–58573.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra10314b CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahfooz-ur Rehman
    • 1
  • Wajid Rehman
    • 1
  • Muhammad Waseem
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shahzad Hussain
    • 3
  • Sirajul Haq
    • 4
  • Muhammad Anees-ur Rehman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryHazara UniversityMansehraPakistan
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Azad Jammu KashmirMuzaffarabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations