The content of metals in organisms of various trophic levels in freshwater and brackish lakes on the coast of the sea of Japan

  • Elena N. ChernovaEmail author
  • Evgenia V. Lysenko
Research Article


The content of trace metals (Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu) was examined in water—in the suspended and dissolved forms, in the suspended material and organisms of the food chain—phytoplankton-filter-feeding bivalves (Kunashiria coptzevi, Corbicula japonica) in fresh- and brackish-water lakes of the coast of the Sea of Japan. It was demonstrated that the fresh-water lakes were no different from the brackish-water ones in concentrations of metals in organisms and water. The anthropogenically altered Vaskovskoye Lake is distinguished among the fresh lakes by the elevated concentrations of Pb and Zn in the ecosystem components. Trace metals do not accumulate in the phytoplankton-mollusks food chain: content of Pb decreases while concentrations of Zn, Cd, and Cu do not change practically. This is associated with the low content of heavy metals in water, suspended matter, and suspended organic carbon controlling the filtration rate of organisms.


Dissolved metals Suspended metals Phytoplankton Bivalve Fresh-water lakes Brackish-water lakes The coast of the sea of Japan Eastern Sikhote-Alin 



The authors thank G. A. Vlasova, the analytical chemist of geochemistry laboratory, and T. N. Lutsenko, PhD, Pacific Geographical Institute FEB RAS, for the determination of metals and organic carbon; L. A. Medvedeva, PhD, the Federal Scientific Centre of Biodiversity FEB RAS, for the determination of phytoplankton, E. V. Potikha, PhD and I. A. Nesterova, the Sikhote-Alin Biospheric Nature Reserve, for their help in the field work.


Sample preparation was executed at financial support of the Russian Scientific Foundation (agreement No. 14-50-00034); discussion of the results is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (agreement No. 16–05-00166).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Geographical Institute (PGI), FEB RASVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia

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