Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 19588–19597 | Cite as

Synthesis and application of ion-imprinted polymer for the determination of mercury II in water samples

  • Janaina E. Francisco
  • Fernanda N. FeiteiraEmail author
  • Wanderson A. da Silva
  • Wagner F. Pacheco
Research Article

Abstract

In this study, an innovative analytical methodology capable of selectively identifying and quantifying mercury contamination by the association of solid-phase extraction using ion-imprinted polymers as a sorbent phase and differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry is proposed. To this end, the ion-imprinted polymers were synthesized and characterized by infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The sorption capacities and the selectivity of the ion-imprinted polymers were compared to the ones related to the non-imprinted ones. Next, the experimental parameters of this solid-phase extraction method (IIP-SPE) were evaluated univariately. The selectivity of this polymeric matrix against other cations (Cd II, Pb II, and Cu II) was also evaluated. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) obtained for the here proposed methodology were 0.322 μg L−1 and 1.08 μg L−1, respectively. Also, the precision of 4.0% was achieved. The method was finally applied to three water samples from different sources: for the Piratininga and Itaipu Lagoon waters, Hg II concentrations were below the LOQ and for Vargem River waters a concentration equal to 1.35 ± 0.07 mg L−1 was determined. These results were confirmed by recovery tests, resulting in a recovery of 96.2 ± 4.0%, and by comparison with flame atomic absorption spectrometry, resulting in statistical conformity between the two methods at 95% confidence level.

Keywords

Ion-imprinted polymer SPE Mercury Voltammetry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Brazilian institutions CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior), CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico), and FAPERJ (Fundação Carlos Chagas de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) for grants, scholarships, and financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Allibone J, Fatemian E, Walker PJ (1999) Determination of mercury in potable water by ICP-MS using gold as a stabilising agent. J Anal At Spectrom 14(2):235–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alizadeh T, Ganjali MR, Zare M (2011) Application of an Hg2+ selective imprinted polymer as a new modifying agent for the preparation of a novel highly selective and sensitive electrochemical sensor for the determination of ultratrace mercury ions. Anal Chim Acta 689(1):52–59Google Scholar
  3. Babu SV, Reddy KH (2012) Direct spectrophotometric determination of mercury (II) using 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone in environmental samples. Indian J Adv Chem Sci 1:65–72Google Scholar
  4. Batlokwa BS, Chimuka L, Tshentu Z, Cukrowska E, Torto N (2012) An ion-imprinted polymer for the selective extraction of mercury (II) ions in aqueous media. Water SA 38(2):255–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CONAMA, Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (2005) Resolução 357/. Available at: <http://www.mma.gov.br/port/conama/res/res05/res35705.pdf>. 17 Oct 2018
  6. Dal Borgo S, Jovanovski V, Hocevar SB (2013) Antimony film electrode for stripping voltammetric measurement of Hg(II) in the presence of Cu(II). Eletrochim Acta 88:713–717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dos Santos JS, De La Guárdia M, Pastor A, Dos Santos MLP (2009) Determination of organic and inorganic mercury species in water and sediment samples by HPLC on-line coupled with ICP-MS. Talanta 80(1):207–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. El-Sayed M, Ramzi M, Hosney R, Fathy M, Moghny TA (2016) Breakthrough curves of oil adsorption on novel amorphous carbon thin film. Water Sci Technol 73(10):2361–2369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. EPA - United States Environmental Protection (1985) Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Mercury, United States. 8 pGoogle Scholar
  10. Ghanei-Motlagh M, Taher MA, Heydari A, Ghanei-Motlagh R, Gupta VK (2016) A novel voltammetric sensor for sensitive detection of mercury(II) ions using glassy carbon electrode modified with graphene-based ion imprinted polymer. Mater. Sci. Eng. C Mater. Biol. Appl. 63:367-75,Google Scholar
  11. Ghasemlou S, Aghaie H, Monajjemi M (2013) Thermodynamic study of Hg (II) ion adsorption onto nano hydroxyapatite from aqueous solution. JPTC 10(2):125–136Google Scholar
  12. Han Q, Shen X, Zhu W, Zhu C, Zhou Z, Jiang H (2016) Magnetic sensing film based on Fe3O4@Au-GSH molecularly imprinted polymers for the electrochemical detection of estradiol. Biosens Bioelectron 79:180–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hande PE, Samui AB, Kulkarni PS (2017) Selective nanomolar detection of mercury using coumarin based fluorescent Hg(II)-ion imprinted polymer. Sensors Actuators B 246:597–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. He C, Long Y, Pan J, Li K, Liu F (2007) Application of molecularly imprinted polymers to solid-phase extraction of analytes from real samples. J Biochem Biophys Methods 70(2):133–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Herrmann PSP, da Silva MAP, Bernardes RF, Job AE, Colnago LA, Frommer JE, Mattoso LHC (1997) Microscopia de varredura por força atômica: uma ferramenta poderosa no estudo de polímeros. Polímeros 97:51–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huang R, Shao N, Hou L, Zhu X (2019) Fabrication of an efficient surface ion-imprinted polymer based on sandwich-like graphene oxide composite materials for fast and selective removal of lead ions. Colloids Surf A 566:218–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Khajeh M, Yamini Y, Ghasemi E, Fasihi J, Shamsipur M (2007) Imprinted polymer particles for selenium uptake: synthesis, characterization and analytical applications. Anal Chim Acta 581:208–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khoddami N, Shemirani F (2016) A new magnetic ion-imprinted polymer as a highly selective sorbent for determination of cobalt in biological and environmental samples. Talanta 146:244–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Knox JC, Edner AD, Levan MD, Coker RF, Ritter JA (2016) Limitations of breakthrough curve analysis in fixed-bed adsorption. Ind Eng Chem Res 55(16):4734–4748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liang X, Chen S, Gao J, Zhang H, Wang Y, Wang J, Feng L (2018) A versatile fluorimetric chemosensor for mercury (II) assay based on carbon nanodots. Sensors Actuators B Chem 265:293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu Y, Hu X, Meng M, Liu Z, Ni L, Meng X, Qiu J (2016) RAFT-mediated microemulsion polymerization to synthesize a novel high-performance graphene oxide-based cadmium imprinted polymer. Chem Eng J 302:609–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu Z, Wu W, Liu Y, Hu X (2018) Preparation of surface anion imprinted polymer by developing a La(III)-coordinated 3-methacryloxyethyl-propyl bi-functionalized graphene oxide for phosphate removal. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 85:282–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Luo F, Huang S, Xiong X, Lai X (2015) Synthesis and characterization of Hg(II)- ion- imprinted polymer and its application for the determination of mercury in water samples. RSC Adv 5:67365–67371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Martín-Yerga D, González-García MB, Costa-García A (2013) Electrochemical determination of mercury: a review. Talanta 116:1091–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mazzotta E, Turco A, Chianella I, Guerreiro A, Piletsky SA, Malitesta C (2016) Solid-phase synthesis of electroactive nanoparticles of molecularly imprinted polymers. A novel platform for indirect electrochemical sensing applications. Sensors Actuators B: Chem 229:174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mergola L, Scorrano S, Bloise E, Bello MPD, Catalano M, Vasapollo G, Sole RD (2015) Novel polymeric sorbents based on imprinted Hg (II)- diphenylcarbazone complexes for mercury removal from drinking water. Polym J 48:73–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. METROHM (2018) Application Bulletin 422/2. Determination of mercury in water with the scTRACE Gold. Available at: <https://partners.metrohm.com/GetDocument?action=get_dms_document&docid=2743090>
  28. Moussa M, Ndiaye MM, Pinta T, Pichon V, Vercouter T, Delaunay N (2017) Selective solid phase extraction of lanthanides from tap and river waters with ion imprinted polymers. Anal Chim Acta 963:44–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Oliveira LMJ, Vidal-Torrado P, Otero XL, Ferreira JR (2007) Mercúrio total em solos de manguezais da Baixada Santista e Ilha do Cardoso. Quím Nova 30(3):519–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rajabi HR, Roushani M, Shamsipur M (2013) Development of a highly selective voltammetric sensor for nanomolar detection of mercury ions using glassy carbon electrode modified with a novel ion imprinted polymeric nanobeads and multi-wall carbon nanotubes. J Electroanal Chem 693:16–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rajabi HR, Zarezadeh A, Karimipour G (2017) Porphyrin based nano-sized imprinted polymer as an efficient modifier for the design of a potentiometric copper carbon paste electrode. RSC Advances 7:14923–14931Google Scholar
  32. Rao TP, Daniel S, Gladis JM (2004) Tailored materials for preconcentration or separation of metals by ion-imprinted polymers for solid-phase extraction (IIP-SPE). TrAC Trends Anal Chem 23(1):28–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schlathauer M, Reitsam V, Schierl R, Leopold K (2017) A new method for quasi-reagent-free biomonitoring of mercury in human urine. Anal Chim Acta 965:63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shakerian F, Kim K, Know E, Szulejko JE, Dasfarnia S, Shabani AMH (2016) Advanced polymeric materials: synthesis and analytical application of ion imprinted polymers as selective sorbents for solid phase extraction of metal ions. Trends Anal Chem 83:55–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shamsipur M, Rajabi HR (2013) Flame photometric determination of cesium ion after its preconcentration with nanoparticles imprinted with the cesiumdibenzo-24-crown-8 complex. Microchim Acta 180:243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shamsipur M, Fasihi J, Ashtari K (2007) Grafting of ion-imprinted polymers on the surface of silica gel particles through covalently surface-bound initiators: a selective sorbent for uranyl ion. Anal Chem 79:7116–7123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shansipur M, Rajabi HR, Pourmortazavi SM, Roushani M (2014) Ion imprinted polymeric nanoparticles for selective separation and sensitive determination of zinc ions in different matrices. Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 117:24–33Google Scholar
  38. Skoog DA, West DM, Holler FJ, Crouch SR (2006) Fundamentals of analytical chemistry. Boston, Cengage Learning, pp 435–455Google Scholar
  39. Sobhi HR, Ghambarian M, Esrafili A, Behbahani M (2017) A nanomagnetic and 3-mercaptopropyl-functionalized silica powder for dispersive solid phase extraction of Hg (II) prior to its determination by continuous-flow cold vapor AAS. Microchim Acta 184(7):2317–2323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. UNEP (2013) United Nations Environment Program. Global Mercury Assessment Sources, Emissions, Releases and Environmental Transport. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  41. Valle ASS, Costa LC, Marques MRC, Silva CLP, Maria LCS (2011) Preparação de copolímeros à base de 2-vinilpiridina com propriedades bactericidas. Quím Nova 34(4):577–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Vatanpour V, Madaeni SS, Zinadini S, Rajabi HR (2011) Development of ion imprinted technique for designing nickel ion selective membrane. J Membr Sci 373:36–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wuilloud JCA, Wuilloud RG, Silva MF, Olsina RA, Martinez LD (2002) Sensitive determination of mercury in tap water by cloud point extraction pre-concentration and flow injection - cold vapor – inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta B At Spectrosc 57(2):365–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yusoff MM, Mostapa NR, Sarkar MS, Biswas TK, Rahman ML, Arshad SE, Sarjadi MS, Kulkarni AD (2017) Synthesis of ion imprinted polymers for selective recognition and separation of rare earth metals. J Rare Earths 35(2):177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UFF - Universidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil
  2. 2.CEFET/RJ - Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da FonsecaPetrópolisBrazil

Personalised recommendations