Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 19588–19597 | Cite as

Synthesis and application of ion-imprinted polymer for the determination of mercury II in water samples

  • Janaina E. Francisco
  • Fernanda N. FeiteiraEmail author
  • Wanderson A. da Silva
  • Wagner F. Pacheco
Research Article


In this study, an innovative analytical methodology capable of selectively identifying and quantifying mercury contamination by the association of solid-phase extraction using ion-imprinted polymers as a sorbent phase and differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry is proposed. To this end, the ion-imprinted polymers were synthesized and characterized by infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The sorption capacities and the selectivity of the ion-imprinted polymers were compared to the ones related to the non-imprinted ones. Next, the experimental parameters of this solid-phase extraction method (IIP-SPE) were evaluated univariately. The selectivity of this polymeric matrix against other cations (Cd II, Pb II, and Cu II) was also evaluated. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) obtained for the here proposed methodology were 0.322 μg L−1 and 1.08 μg L−1, respectively. Also, the precision of 4.0% was achieved. The method was finally applied to three water samples from different sources: for the Piratininga and Itaipu Lagoon waters, Hg II concentrations were below the LOQ and for Vargem River waters a concentration equal to 1.35 ± 0.07 mg L−1 was determined. These results were confirmed by recovery tests, resulting in a recovery of 96.2 ± 4.0%, and by comparison with flame atomic absorption spectrometry, resulting in statistical conformity between the two methods at 95% confidence level.


Ion-imprinted polymer SPE Mercury Voltammetry 



The authors are grateful to the Brazilian institutions CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior), CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico), and FAPERJ (Fundação Carlos Chagas de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) for grants, scholarships, and financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UFF - Universidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil
  2. 2.CEFET/RJ - Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da FonsecaPetrópolisBrazil

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