Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 19379–19388 | Cite as

Spatial distribution and pollution assessment of metals in intertidal sediments, Korea

  • Dong-Woon Hwang
  • Pyoung-Joong Kim
  • Seong-Gil Kim
  • Chul-In Sun
  • Byoung-Seol Koh
  • Sang-Ok Ryu
  • Tae-Hoon KimEmail author
Research Article
  • 175 Downloads

Abstract

We measured the concentrations of acid volatile sulfide (AVS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and metals (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn) in surface sediments of 74 intertidal sectors along the western and southern coasts of Korea to determine their spatial distribution and pollution status. The concentrations of AVS, COD, and metals were relatively higher in northwestern and southeastern coasts due to human and industrial activities around metropolitan, industrial complexes, and large-scale farms. The results of the sediment quality guidelines and geoaccumulation index for organic matter and metal revealed that almost all intertidal sediments were unpolluted with regard to AVS, COD, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn and some intertidal sediments in northwestern and southeastern coasts were moderately polluted with regard to As. However, the results of pollution load index and ecological risk index for metal showed that intertidal sediments in the southeastern coast are significantly polluted and could have an adverse effect on benthic organisms. Thus, the appropriate management policy and restoration plan for intertidal sectors with high metal pollution level in Korea is necessary to improve the quality of intertidal sediment.

Keywords

Metal Organic matter Intertidal sediment Assessment Korea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank a lot of colleagues who helped with sampling and analyses.

Funding information

This work was supported by a research grant from the National Institute of Fisheries Science (R2019045) and by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea (NRF-2019R1C1C1002197).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_5177_MOESM1_ESM.docx (71 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 70 kb)

References

  1. Álvarez-Iglesias P, Rubio B (2009) Redox status and heavy metal risk in intertidal sediments in NW Spain as inferred from the degrees of pyritization of iron and trace elements. Mar Pollut Bull 58:542–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Álvarez-Iglesias P, Quintana B, Rubio B, Pérez-Arlucea M (2007) Sedimentation rates and trace metal input history in intertidal sediments from San Simón Bay (Ría de Vigo, NW Spain) derived from 210Pb and 137 Cs chronology. J Environ Radioact 98:229–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beiras R, Fernández N, Bellas J, Besada V, González-Quijano A, Nunes T (2003) Integrative assessment of marine pollution in Galician estuaries using sediment chemistry, mussel bioaccumulation, and embryo-larval toxicity bioassays. Chemosphere 52:1209–1224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belabed BE, Laffray X, Dhib A, Fertouna-Belakhal M, Turki S, Aleya L (2013) Factors contributing to heavy metal accumulation in sediments and in the intertidal mussel Perna perna in the Gulf of Annaba (Algeria). Mar Pollut Bull 74:477–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchman MF (2008) NOAA screening quick reference tables. NOAA OR&R Report 08–1. Office of response and restoration division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle WA, p 34Google Scholar
  6. Çevik F, Göksu MZL, Derici SB, Findik Ö (2009) An assessment of metal pollution in surface sediments of Seyhan dam by using enrichment factor, geoaccumulation index and statistical analyses. Environ Monit Assess 152:309–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chakraborty P, Ramteke D, Chakraborty S, Nath BN (2014) Changes in metal contamination levels in estuarine sediments around India—an assessment. Mar Pollut Bull 78:15–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chatterjee M, Silva EV, Sarkar SK (2007) Distribution and possible source of trace elements in the sediment cores of a tropical macrotidal estuary and their ecotoxicological significance. Environ Int 33:346–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Choi KY, Kim SH, Chon HT (2012) Relationship between total concentration and dilute HCl extraction of heavy metals in sediments of harbors and coastal areas in Korea. Environ Geochem Health 34:243–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Christophoridis C, Dedepsidis D, Fytianos K (2009) Occurrence and distribution of selected heavy metals in the surface sediments of Thermaikos Gulf, N Greece Assessment using pollution indicators. J Hazard Mat 168:1082–1091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dou Y, Li J, Zhao J, Hu B, Yang S (2013) Distribution, enrichment and source of heavy metals in surface sediments of the eastern Beibu Bay, South China Sea. Mar Pollut Bull 67:137–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Emmerson RHC, O’Reilly-Wiese SB, Macleod CL, Lester JN (1997) A multivariate assessment of metal distribution in inter-tidal sediments of the Blackwater estuary, UK. Mar Pollut Bull 34:960–968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Feng H, Jiang H, Gao W, Weinstein MP, Zhang Q, Zhang W, Yu L, Yuan D, Tao J (2011) Metal contamination in sediments of the western Bohai Bay and adjacent estuaries, China. J Environ Manag 92:1185–1197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Folk RL (1968) Petrology of sedimentary rock. Hemphill Publishing Co., Austin TX, USA, p 170Google Scholar
  15. Folk RL, Ward WC (1957) Brazos river bar: a study in the significance of grain size parameters. J Sediment Petrol 27:3–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gao X, Li P (2012) Concentration and fractionation of trace metals in surface sediments of intertidal Bohai Bay, China. Mar Pollut Bull 64:1529–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gredilla A, de Vallejuelo SF, Arana G, de Diego A, Madariaga JM (2013) Long-term monitoring of metal pollution in sediment from the estuary of the Nerbioi-Ibaizabal River (2005-2010). Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 131:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hakanson L (1980) An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control: a sedimentological approach. Water Res 14:975–1001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hedge LH, Knott NA, Johnston EL (2009) Dredging related metal bioaccumulation in oysters. Mar Pollut Bull 58:832–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hwang DW, Kim SG (2011) Evaluation of heavy metal contamination in intertidal surface sediments of coastal islands in the western part of Jeollanam Province using geochemical assessment techniques. Kor J Fish Aquat Sci 44:772–784 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  21. Hwang DW, Jin HG, Kim SS, Kim JD, Park JS, Kim SG (2006) Distribution of organic matters and metallic elements in the surface sediments of Masan Harbor, Korea. J Kor Fish Soc 39:106–117 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  22. Hwang DW, Ryu SO, Kim SG, Choi OI, Kim SS, Koh BS (2010) Geochemical characteristics of intertidal surface sediments along the southwestern coast of Korea. Kor J Fish Aquat Sci 43:146–158 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  23. Hwang DW, Kim SG, Choi M, Lee IS, Kim SS, Choi HG (2016) Monitoring of trace metals in coastal sediments around Korean peninsula. Mar Pollut Bull 102:230–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hyun S, Lee T, Choi JS, Choi DL, Woo HJ (2003) Geochemical characteristics and heavy metal pollutions in the surface sediments of Gwangyang and Yeosu Bay, south coast of Korea. Sea – J Korean Soc Oceanogr 8:380–391 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  25. Ingram RL (1971) Sieve analysis. In: Carver RE (ed) Procedures in sedimentary petrology. Willey-Inter Science, New York, pp 49–67Google Scholar
  26. Koh CH, Khim JS (2014) The Korean tidal flat of the Yellow Sea: physical setting, ecosystem and management. Ocean Coast Manag 102:398–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Laing GD, Meers E, Dewispelaere M, Vandecasteele B, Rinklebe J, Tack FMG, Verloo M (2009) Heavy metal mobility in intertidal sediments of the Scheldt estuary: field monitoring. Sci Total Environ 407:2919–2930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li Y, Liu H, Zhou H, Ma W, Han Q, Diao X, Xue Q (2015) Concentration distribution and potential health risk of heavy metals in Mactra veneriformis from Bohai Bay, China. Mar Pollut Bull 97:528–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lim DI, Choi JW, Shin HH, Jeong DH, Jung HS (2013) Toxicological impact assessment of heavy metal contamination on microbenthic communities in southern coastal sediments of Korea. Mar Pollut Bull 73:362–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Long ER, MacDonald DD, Smith SL, Calder FD (1995) Incidence of adverse biological effects within ranges of chemical concentrations in marine and estuarine sediments. Environ Manag 19:81–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Martin CW (1996) Heavy metal concentrations in floodplain surface soils, Lahn River, Germany. Environ Geol 30:119–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mashiatullah A, Chaudhary MZ, Ahmad N, Javed T, Ghaffar A (2013) Metal pollution and ecological risk assessment in marine sediments of Karachi coast, Pakistan. Environ Monit Assess 185:1555–1565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. MOMAF (2005) Inventory of tidal flats in Korea. Report no. BSPM 29100–1730-3, Seoul, Korea, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, pp 632 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  34. Morelli G, Gasparon M (2014) Metal contamination of estuarine intertidal sediments of Moreton Bay, Australia. Mar Pollut Bull 89:435–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Müller G (1979) Schwermetalle in den sedimenten des Rheins-Veranderungen seitt. Umschau 79:778–783Google Scholar
  36. Murray NJ, Ma Z, Fuller RA (2015) Tidal flats of the Yellow Sea: a review of ecosystem status and anthropogenic threats. Aust Ecol 40:472–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. NFRDI (2015) Technical report of National Fisheries Research and Development Institute in 2014, report no. TR-2015-PM-002, Busan, Korea, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, pp 1366 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  38. NORI (2008) Result report for manufacture of tidal flat status map in Korea, report no. 11–1611234–000019-01, Incheon, Korea, National Oceanographic Research Institute, pp 183 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  39. Ra K, Kim ES, Kim KT, Kim JK, Lee JM, Choi JY (2013) Assessment of heavy metal contamination and its ecological risk in the surface sediments along the coast of Korea. J Coast Res 65:105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ryu SO, Chang JH, Lee HJ, Jo YJ, Choi OI (2009) Spatial and temporal variation of surface sediments by tidal environment changes: Muan Bay, west coast of Korea. J Kor Soc Oceanogr 14:10–21 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  41. Saiz-Salinas JI, Ruiz JM, Frances-Zubillaga G (1996) Heavy metal levels in intertidal sediments and biota from the Bidasoa estuary. Mar Pollut Bull 32:69–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shah BA, Shah AV, Mistry CB, Navik AJ (2013) Assessment of heavy metals in sediments near Hazira industrial zone at Tapti River estuary, Surat, India. Environ Earth Sci 69:2365–2376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sheykhi V, Moore F (2013) Evaluation of potentially toxic metals pollution in the sediments of the Kor river, southwest Iran. Environ. Monit Assess 185:3219–3232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Song Y, Choi MS, Lee JY, Jang DJ (2014) Regional background concentrations of heavy metals (Cr, co, Ni, cu, Zn, Pb) in coastal sediments of South Sea of Korea. Sci Total Environ 482-483:80–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Spencer KL (2002) Spatial variability of metals in the inter-tidal sediments of the Medway estuary, Kent, UK. Mar Pollut Bull 44:933–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sun CI, Lee YJ, An JH, Lee YW (2014) Speciation and ecological risk assessment of trace metals in surface sediments of the Masan Bay. Sea - J Korean Soc Oceanogr 19:155–163 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  47. Taylor SR (1964) Abundance of chemical elements in the continental crust: a new table. Geochem Cosmochim Acta 28:1273–1285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1995) The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Rev Geophys 33:241–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tomlinson DC, Wilson JG, Harris CR, Jeffrey DW (1980) Problems in the assessment of heavy metals in estuaries and the formation pollution index. Helgo Mar Res 33:566–575Google Scholar
  50. Volvoikar SP, Nayak GN (2015) Impact of industrial effluents on geochemical association of metals within intertidal sediments of a creek. Mar Pollut Bull 99:94–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xia P, Meng XW, Yin P, Liu LJ (2008) Heavy metal pollution and its potential ecological risk in the sediments from the Beihai intertidal zone of Guangxi Province. Adv Mar Sci 26:471–477 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  52. Xu F, Qiu L, Cao Y, Huang J, Liu Z, Tian X, Li A, Yin X (2016) Trace metals in the surface sediments of the intertidal Jiaozhou Bay, China: sources and contamination assessment. Mar Pollut Bull 104:371–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yokoyama H (2000) Environmental quality criteria for aquaculture farms in Japanese coastal area—new policy and its potential problems. Bul Natl Res Inst Aquacult 29:123–134 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  54. Yoon JK, Kim DH, Kim TS, Park JG, Chung IR, Kim JH, Kim H (2009) Evaluation on natural background of the soil heavy metals in Korea. J Soil Groundw Environ 14:32–39 (in Korean) Google Scholar
  55. Yu R, Zhang W, Hu G, Lin C, Yang Q (2016) Heavy metal pollution and Pb isotopic tracing in the intertidal surface sediments of Quanzhou Bay, southeast coast of China. Mar Pollut Bull 105:416–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhang J, Gao X (2015) Heavy metals in surface sediments of the intertidal Laizhou Bay, Bohai Sea, China: distribution, sources and contamination assessment. Mar Pollut Bull 98:320–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang W, Feng H, Chang J, Qu J, Xie H, Yu L (2009) Heavy metal contamination in surface sediments of Yangtze River intertidal zone: an assessment from different indexes. Environ Pollut 157:1533–1543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhu Z, Xue J, Deng Y, Chen L, Liu J (2016) Trace metal contamination in surface sediments of intertidal zone from Qinhuangdao, China, revealed by geochemical and magnetic approaches: distribution, sources, and health risk assessment. Mar Pollut Bull 105:422–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong-Woon Hwang
    • 1
  • Pyoung-Joong Kim
    • 2
  • Seong-Gil Kim
    • 3
  • Chul-In Sun
    • 3
  • Byoung-Seol Koh
    • 3
  • Sang-Ok Ryu
    • 4
  • Tae-Hoon Kim
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Marine Environment Research DivisionNational Institute of Fisheries Sciences (NIFS)BusanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Fisheries Resources and Environment DivisionSouth Sea Fisheries Research Institute, NIFSYeosuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Marine Environment Monitoring TeamKorea Marine Environment Management Corporation (KOEM)BusanRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Institute of Coastal Management & Technology (CMT)MuanRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.Department of Earth and Marine SciencesJeju National UniversityJejuRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations