Investigation of toxic effects of amorphous SiO2 nanoparticles on motility and oxidative stress markers in rainbow trout sperm cells

  • Mustafa Erkan ÖzgürEmail author
  • Ahmet Ulu
  • İmren Özcan
  • Sevgi Balcioglu
  • Burhan Ateş
  • Süleyman Köytepe
Research Article


In this study, we investigated the effects of SiO2 nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) (1, 10, 25, 50, and 100 mg/L) for 24 h in vitro on the motility parameters and oxidative stress markers such as total glutathione (TGSH), catalase (CAT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss sperm cells. Therefore, SiO2-NPs were synthesized with sol-gel reaction from tetraethoxy orthosilicate (TEOS). The prepared nanoparticle structures were characterized for chemical structure, morphology and thermal behavior employing Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron micrograph, and thermal analysis (DTA/TGA/DSC) techniques. After exposure, there was statistically significant (p < 0.05) decreases in velocities of sperm cells. CAT activity significantly (p < 0.05) decreased by 9.6% in sperm cell treated with 100 mg/L. In addition, MDA level significantly increased by 70.4% and 77.5% in sperm cell treated with 50 and 100 mg/L SiO2-NPs, respectively (p < 0.05). These results showed that SiO2-NPs may have toxic effect on rainbow trout sperm cells in 50 mg/L and more.


SiO2-NPs Rainbow trout Sperm cell motility CASA analysis CAT MDA 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fishery Faculty, Department of AquacultureMalatya Turgut Özal UniversityMalatyaTurkey
  2. 2.Science Faculty, Department of Chemistryİnönü UniversityMalatyaTurkey

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