Low cost organic and inorganic sorbents to fight soil and water pollution

  • Avelino Núñez-DelgadoEmail author
  • Esperanza Álvarez-Rodríguez
  • María J. Fernández-Sanjurjo

In this editorial piece, the Guest Editors comment on the Special Issue (SI) of Environmental Science and Pollution Research “Low cost organic and inorganic sorbents to fight soil and water pollution.”

Recycling waste materials and by-products is a main objective for environmental protection. In addition, soil and water pollution suppose global hazards that need to be controlled to avoid serious and increasing damages to public health and the environment as a whole. In this way, previous publications have commented on the promising field of recycling raw and modified waste and by-products to control pollution (Núñez-Delgado et al. 2015). Also, related Special Issues have been previously published (for example, Elleuch et al. 2018; Higueras et al. 2019). However, the field of research is still open, and new findings would be welcome. This is the reason why the Special Issue was developed.

Papers published in this Special Issue

A total of 18 manuscripts were submitted to the SI. After review, 9 very interesting papers were accepted and published. Research teams from different countries worked on various aspects of the theme, covering the following items: adsorption of methylene blue on a variety of sorbent materials (Wang et al. 2018), the use of vegetal fibers and metal oxides for water decontamination (Kesraoui et al. 2018), Cu removal by means of KOH-modified pumpkin husk (Çelekli et al. 2018), or using a green adsorbent (Banerjee et al. 2018), P sorption on various waste and by-products (Romar-Gasalla et al. 2018), effects of organic amendments on plants subjected to Cd stress (Shahid et al. 2018), fluoride removal by means of raw or modified plant-derived carbons (Vilakati et al. 2018), waste mixtures used to remove a variety of organic pollutants (De-Toledo et al. 2018), and biochar as sorbent for volatile fuel organic compounds in water (Saiz-Rubio et al. 2018).


Since the last decades, this interesting field of research has been growing. In addition, previous special issues have focused on complementary aspects of the matter, some of them providing recent views and findings (for example, Núñez-Delgado et al. 2018). As the generation of residues is increasing, it is expected that the need for developing new strategies, based on new data from research, will also continue to increase in the next years. In fact, the various aspects included in the theme can be considered public health and environmental issues of global relevance.



The Guest Editors thank all authors and anonymous reviewers involved in this Special Issue, as well as the technical staff of Springer and of Environmental Science and Pollution Research working on it. Special thanks to Dr. Philippe Garrigues, as well as to Dr. Guilherme L. Dotto, Dr. Zhihong Xu, Dr. Elena Maestri and Dr. Tito Roberto Cadaval Jr., who carried out direct editorial tasks for the S.I.


  1. Banerjee M, Basu RK, SKr D (2018) Cu(II) removal using green adsorbents: kinetic modeling and plant scale-up design. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  2. Çelekli A, Bozkuş B, Bozkurt H (2018) Development of a new adsorbent from pumpkin husk by KOH-modification to remove copper ions. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  3. De-Toledo RA, Chao UH, Shen T, Lu Q, Li X, Shim H (2018) Development of hybrid processes for the removal of volatile organic compounds, plasticizer, and pharmaceutically active compound using sewage sludge, waste scrap tires, and wood chips as sorbents and microbial immobilization matrices. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  4. Elleuch B, Bouhamed F, Elloussaief M, Jaghbir M (2018) Environmental sustainability and pollution prevention. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:18223–18225. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Higueras PL, Sáez-Martínez FJ, Lefebvre G, Moilleron R (2019) Contaminated sites, waste management, and green chemistry: new challenges from monitoring to remediation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26:3095–3099. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kesraoui A, Bouzaabia S, Seffen M (2018) The combination of Luffa cylindrical fibers and metal oxides offers a highly performing hybrid fiber material in water decontamination. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  7. Núñez-Delgado A, Álvarez-Rodríguez E, Fernández-Sanjurjo MJ, Nóvoa-Muñoz JC, Arias-Estévez M, Fernández-Calviño D (2015) Perspectives on the use of by-products to treat soil and water pollution. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 210:199–201. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Núñez-Delgado A, Nóvoa-Muñoz JC, Shaheen SM (2018) Editorial: New Findings on the Use of Biosorbents and Technically-Based Sorbents to Control Soil and Water Pollution. Front Chem 6(588).
  9. Romar-Gasalla A, Nóvoa-Muñoz JC, Arias-Estévez M, Fernández-Sanjurjo MJ, Álvarez-Rodríguez E, Núñez-Delgado A (2018) Controlling risks of P water pollution by sorption on soils, pyritic material, granitic material, and different by-products: effects of pH and incubation time. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  10. Saiz-Rubio R, Balseiro-Romero M, Antelo J, Díez E, Fiol S, Macías F (2018) Biochar as low-cost sorbent of volatile fuel organic compounds: potential application to water remediation. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  11. Shahid M, Shamshad S, Farooq ABU, Rafiq M, Khalid S, Dumat C, Zhang Y, Hussain I, Niazi NK (2018) Comparative effect of organic amendments on physio-biochemical traits of young and old bean leaves grown under cadmium stress: a multivariate analysis. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  12. Vilakati BR, Sivasankar V, Nxumalo EN, Mamba BB, Omine K, Msagati TAM (2018) Fluoride removal studies using virgin and Ti (IV)-modified Musa paradisiaca (plantain pseudo-stem) carbons. Environ Sci Pollut Res.
  13. Wang B, Gao B, Wan Y (2018) Comparative study of calcium alginate, ball-milled biochar, and their composites on aqueous methylene blue adsorption. Environ Sci Pollut Res.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Engineering Polytechnic SchoolUniversity of Santiago de Compostela, Campus UniversityLugoSpain

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