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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 19, pp 19490–19501 | Cite as

Cement dust induce stress and attenuates photosynthesis in Arachis hypogaea

  • Kamran Shah
  • Noor Ul Amin
  • Imran Ahmad
  • Gulshan Ara
  • Mati Ur Rahman
  • Xiya Zuo
  • Libo XingEmail author
  • Xiaolin RenEmail author
Research Article
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the changes in leaf physiological parameters to abiotic stress induced by different levels of cement dust. On day 15, Arachis hypogaea L. plants (sowing day was considered as day 0) were divided into six groups, and cement was sprinkled over plants with the help of hand pump, twice a week at T1 (5 g pot−1), T2 (8 g pot−1), T3 (10 g pot−1), T4 (15 g pot−1), T5 (20 g pot−1), and T0/control (0 g pot−1), until fruit maturity. Morphometric parameters such as root and shoot length, leaf area, and seed weight were significantly higher in T0, while the minimum was recorded in T5. Physiological analyses of leaves and roots revealed a remarkable reduction (p < 0.05) in sugar, amino acid, and protein contents, while the concentration of enzymatic antioxidants was increased in cement-treated plants. The concentration of abscisic acid in leaves was significantly higher in treatment groups as compared with control, while gibberellic acid concentration was low. Strikingly, cement dust decreases the level of leaf photosynthetic pigments, reduces stomatal conductance, and adversely affects photosynthesis. Leaf histological analysis revealed confirmatory evidence of stomatal closure, cell damage, reduced cell area, and abridged leaf thickness. Salient features of the present study provide useful evidence to estimate cement dust as a critical abiotic stress factor, which has adverse effects on photosynthesis, leaf anatomical features, stomatal functioning, and productivity. Our work opens new avenues for a deep portfolio of cement-based stress mediating pathophysiology in Arachis hypogaea.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Arachis hypogaea Cement Leaf Photosynthesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Dr. Na An and Prof Dr. Mingyu Han (College of Horticulture, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China) for their valuable suggestions. Kamran Shah gratefully acknowledges the Chinese Scholarship Council for the provision of the Chinese Government Scholarship to sponsor his Ph.D. studies. The project was designed and conceived by LX, XR and KS. The experimental work was carried out by LX and KS. LX, KS, XZ, Noor Ul Amin, Imran Ahmad, Gulshan Ara, Mingyu Han and Mati Ur Rahman analyzed the data. KS and LX wrote the paper. All authors have read and approved the final version of this manuscript.

Funding

This work was funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31801813) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M631207).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts to declare.

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
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Fig. S1

(PNG 2.10 mb)

11356_2019_4861_MOESM2_ESM.tif (388 kb)
High resolution image (TIF 388 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of HorticultureNorthwest Agriculture and Forestry UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic EngineeringThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan

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