Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 10429–10438 | Cite as

Harvesting zero waste from co-digested fruit and vegetable peels via integrated fermentation and pyrolysis processes

  • Mohamed Soltan
  • Mohamed ElsamadonyEmail author
  • Alsayed Mostafa
  • Hanem Awad
  • Ahmed Tawfik
Short Research and Discussion Article
  • 136 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess an innovative economic approach for the production of both fermentative hydrogen and biochar from fruit and vegetable peels (FVPs) via fermentation/pyrolysis process. Firstly, in fermentation batches, multi-fermentation of FVPs positively affected the harvested hydrogen yield and COD reduction efficiency, which reached their maximal values of 3.9 ± 0.6 mmol/gCOD and 56.2 ± 4.6% at batch of 25% pea + 25% tomato + 25% banana + 25% orange (M4). Secondly, digestates produced from all batches were pyrolyzed at 500 °C for investigating the potential for biochar production. Based on the characteristics of the pyrolyzed digestate, biochar produced from S1 (spinach) exhibited the highest specific surface area, density, pore volume, biochar production yield, and pyrolysis profit of 28.43 ± 3.95 m2/g, 1.93 ± 0.18 g/cm3, 0.59 ± 0.08 cm3/g, 59.04 ± 2.36%, and 3.66 $/kgfeedstock, respectively. However, the maximum overall profit from both fermentation and pyrolysis processes was 5.21 $/kgfeedstock and was denoted for M4.

Keywords

Fruit and vegetable peels Hydrogen production Biochar Net energy gain 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author would like to thank the Egyptian Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) for providing him the financial support (Ph.D. scholarship) for this research as well as the Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST) for offering facility and tools needed to conduct this work.

References

  1. Akinbomi J, Taherzadeh M (2015) Evaluation of fermentative hydrogen production from single and mixed fruit wastes. Energies 8:4253–4272.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en8054253 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. APHA (2005) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 25th editi edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Bruun S, Harmer SL, Bekiaris G, Christel W, Zuin L, Hu Y, Jensen LS, Lombi E (2017) The effect of different pyrolysis temperatures on the speciation and availability in soil of P in biochar produced from the solid fraction of manure. Chemosphere 169:377–386.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.11.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campbell RM, Anderson NM, Daugaard DE, Naughton HT (2018) Financial viability of biofuel and biochar production from forest biomass in the face of market price volatility and uncertainty. Appl Energy 230:330–343.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.085 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Changkook R, Sharifi V, Swithenbank J (2007) Waste pyrolysis and generation of storable char Changkook. Int J Energy Res 31:177–191.  https://doi.org/10.1002/er.1241 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Danial AW, Abdel-Basset R (2015) Orange peel inhibited hup and enhanced hydrogen evolution in some purple non-sulfur bacteria. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:941–947.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.11.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elreedy A, Fujii M, Tawfik A (2018) Psychrophilic hydrogen production from petrochemical wastewater via anaerobic sequencing batch reactor : techno-economic assessment and kinetic modelling. Int J Hydrog Energy.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.09.091
  8. Elsamadony M, Tawfik A (2015) Potential of biohydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) using pilot-scale dry anaerobic reactor. Bioresour Technol 196:9–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.07.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Elsamadony M, Tawfik A (2018) Maximization of hydrogen fermentative process from delignified water hyacinth using sodium chlorite. Energy Convers Manag 157:257–265.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elsamadony M, Tawfik A, Danial A, Suzuki M (2015a) Optimization of hydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) dry anaerobic digestion with analysis of microbial community. Int J Energy Res 39:929–940.  https://doi.org/10.1002/er.3297 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elsamadony M, Tawfik A, Danial A, Suzuki M (2015b) Use of Carica papaya enzymes for enhancement of H2 production and degradation of glucose, protein, and lipids. Energy Procedia 75:975–980.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.308 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elsheikh MA, Saleh HI, Rashwan IM, El-samadoni MM (2013) Hydraulic modelling of water supply distribution for improving its quantity and quality. Sustain Environ Resour 23:403–411Google Scholar
  13. FAOSTAT (2017) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. Accessed March 2018
  14. Farghaly A, Tawfik A, Danial A (2016) Inoculation of paperboard mill sludge versus mixed culture bacteria for hydrogen production from paperboard mill wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:3834–3846.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5652-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Farghaly A, Elsamadony M, Ookawara S, Tawfik A (2017) Bioethanol production from paperboard mill sludge using acid-catalyzed bio-derived choline acetate ionic liquid pretreatment followed by fermentation process. Energy Convers Manag 145:255–264.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.05.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Farhat A, Miladi B, Hamdi M, Bouallagui H (2018) Fermentative hydrogen and methane co-production from anaerobic co-digestion of organic wastes at high loading rate coupling continuously and sequencing batch digesters. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:27945–27958.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2796-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fuertes AB, Arbestain MC, Sevilla M, Maciá-Agulló JA, Fiol S, López R, Smernik RJ, Aitkenhead WP, Arce F, Macías F (2010) Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation of corn stover. Aust J Soil Res 48:618–626.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR10010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Huang Y, Anderson M, Mcilveen-wright D et al (2015) Biochar and renewable energy generation from poultry litter waste : a technical and economic analysis based on computational simulations q. Appl Energy 160:656–663.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ismail S, Elsamadony M, Elreedy A, Fujii M, Tawfik A (2019a) Physico-chemical and microbial characterization of compartment-wise profiles in an anammox baffled reactor. J Environ Manag 232:875–886.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.134 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ismail S, Elsamadony M, Fujii M, Tawfik A (2019b) Evaluation and optimization of anammox baffled reactor (AnBR) by artificial neural network modeling and economic analysis. Bioresour Technol 271:500–506.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jia X, Li M, Xi B, Zhu C, Yang Y, Xia T, Song C, Pan H (2014) Integration of fermentative biohydrogen with methanogenesis from fruit – vegetable waste using different pre-treatments. Energy Convers Manag 88:1219–1227.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.02.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jouiad M, Al-Nofeli N, Khalifa N et al (2015) Characteristics of slow pyrolysis biochars produced from Rhodes grass and fronds of edible date palm. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 111:183–190.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2014.10.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kalia VC, Joshi AP (1995) Conversion of waste biomass (pea-shells) into hydrogen and methane through anaerobic digestion. Bioresour Technol 53:165–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu Z, Zhang FS, Wu J (2010) Characterization and application of chars produced from pinewood pyrolysis and hydrothermal treatment. Fuel 89:510–514.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2009.08.042 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mahmoud M, Elreedy A, Pascal P, Sophie LR, Tawfik A (2017) Hythane (H2and CH4) production from unsaturated polyester resin wastewater contaminated by 1,4-dioxane and heavy metals via up-flow anaerobic self-separation gases reactor. Energy Convers Manag 152:342–353.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.09.060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Marone A, Massini G, Patriarca C, Signorini A, Varrone C, Izzo G (2012) Hydrogen production from vegetable waste by bioaugmentation of indigenous fermentative communities. Int J Hydrog Energy 37:5612–5622.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.12.159 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Molinos-Senante M, Hernández-Sancho F, Sala-Garrido R (2010) Economic feasibility study for wastewater treatment: a cost-benefit analysis. Sci Total Environ 408:4396–4402.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mostafa A, Elsamadony M, El-Dissouky A et al (2017) Biological H<inf>2</inf> potential harvested from complex gelatinaceous wastewater via attached versus suspended growth culture anaerobes. Bioresour Technol 231.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.01.062
  29. Nathoa C, Sirisukpoca U, Pisutpaisal N (2014) Production of hydrogen and methane from banana peel by two phase anaerobic fermentation. Energy Procedia 50:702–710.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.06.086 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nyström M (2016) Mobile biomass Htc-processing unit. Aalto UniversityGoogle Scholar
  31. Opatokun SA, Kan T, Al Shoaibi A et al (2016) Characterization of food waste and its digestate as feedstock for thermochemical processing. Energy Fuel 30:1589–1597.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02183 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Perera KRJ, Ketheesan B, Gadhamshetty V, Nirmalakhandan N (2010) Fermentative biohydrogen production: evaluation of net energy gain. Int J Hydrog Energy 35:12224–12233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.08.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ronsse F, van Hecke S, Dickinson D, Prins W (2013) Production and characterization of slow pyrolysis biochar: influence of feedstock type and pyrolysis conditions. GCB Bioenergy 5:104–115.  https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Soltan M, Elsamadony M, Tawfik A (2017) Biological hydrogen promotion via integrated fermentation of complex agro-industrial wastes. Appl Energy 185:929–938.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.10.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tenca A, Schievano A, Perazzolo F, Adani F, Oberti R (2011) Biohydrogen from thermophilic co-fermentation of swine manure with fruit and vegetable waste: maximizing stable production without pH control. Bioresour Technol 102:8582–8588.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.03.102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vochozka M, Maroušková A, Váchal J, Straková J (2016) Biochar pricing hampers biochar farming. Clean Techn Environ Policy 18:1225–1231.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-016-1113-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wazeri A, Elsamadony M, Le Roux S et al (2018a) Potentials of using mixed culture bacteria incorporated with sodium bicarbonate for hydrogen production from water hyacinth. Bioresour Technol 263:365–374.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.05.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wazeri A, Elsamadony M, Tawfik A (2018b) Carbon emissions reduction by catalyzing H2 gas harvested from water hyacinth fermentation process using metallic salts. Energy Procedia 152:1254–1259.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.09.178 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xing Y, Li Z, Fan Y, Hou H (2010) Biohydrogen production from dairy manures with acidification pretreatment by anaerobic fermentation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 17:392–399.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0187-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Soltan
    • 1
  • Mohamed Elsamadony
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alsayed Mostafa
    • 3
  • Hanem Awad
    • 4
  • Ahmed Tawfik
    • 5
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering DepartmentEgypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-Just)New Borg El Arab CityEgypt
  2. 2.Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTanta CityEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringInha UniversityIncheonSouth Korea
  4. 4.Tanning Materials & Proteins DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  5. 5.Water Pollution Research DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations