Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 12, pp 12399–12411 | Cite as

Use of multiple isotopes to evaluate the impact of mariculture on nutrient dynamics in coastal groundwater

  • Kang Pingping
  • Liu Peng
  • Wang Fuqiang
Research Article


Nitrogen and phosphate dynamics in groundwater and surface waters (aquaculture ponds and effluents and drainage channels) in the two seasons (April and September 2015) were investigated in a reclaimed coastal region in China. Multiple isotopes (δ15N-NO3, δ18O-NO3, δ2H-H2O, and δ18O-H2O) associated with the concentrations of dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphate were analyzed to assess the environmental impact of mariculture on coastal waters. Low phosphate concentration in the effluents was released from aquaculture ponds. Nitrate accounted for a larger proportion of dissolved inorganic nitrogen in September in aquaculture ponds and effluents and drainage channels. The groundwater in the mariculture zone was enriched with dissolved nitrogen components. In the offshore direction, seawater and precipitation were supplement of the groundwater, with nitrate deriving from mixing aquaculture effluents and wastewater. Denitrification occurred in groundwater in September 2015.


Mariculture Groundwater Nutrients Nitrate Isotopes Nitrate sources Nitrogen transformation 


Funding information

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 51709112); the Foundation for Key Scientific Research in Higher Education of Henan, China (18A570003); the National Natural Science Foundation of People’s Republic of China (51709111, 51879106); the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91547209); and the Outstanding Youth in Science and Technology Innovation Talents of Henan Province (185100510014).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kang Pingping
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liu Peng
    • 2
  • Wang Fuqiang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Water Conservancy EngineeringNorth China University of Water Conservancy and Electric PowerZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Water Resources Efficient Utilization and Support EngineeringZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Henan Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation and TreatmentZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Zhengzhou CityChina

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