Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 11482–11495 | Cite as

Methylene blue dye removal on silver nanoparticles reduced by Kyllinga brevifolia

  • Norain IsaEmail author
  • Zainovia Lockman
Research Article
  • 112 Downloads

Abstract

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared by reacting Kyllinga brevifolia extract (KBE) with AgNO3 aqueous solution at room temperature (22 ± 3 °C). The phytochemical constituents in KBE responsible for the reduction process were identified as carbohydrate, protein, and plant sterols (stigmasterol and campesterol). KBE was also found to function as a capping agent for stabilization of AgNPs. The AgNPs were stable at room temperature and had a quasi-spherical shape with an average particle size 22.3 nm. The use of KBE offers not only eco-friendly and non-pathogenic path for AgNPs formation, it also induced rapid formation of the AgNPs. Methylene blue (MB) removal was then done on the AgNPs in the presence of either KBE or NaBH4. Ninety-three percent removal of MB was achieved with a rate of reaction 0.2663 min−1 in the solution with KBE+AgNPs (pH 2). However, in NaBH4+AgNPs system, 100% MB removal was achieved at pH 8–10. The reaction rate was 2.5715 min−1 indicating a fast removal rate of MB dye. The process of reduction occurs via electron relay effect whereas in KBE+AgNPs system, sedimentation occurred along with the reduction process. Nevertheless, the use of KBE+AgNPs system is preferred as the reducing agent is more benign to the environment.

Keywords

Electron relay effect Kyllinga brevifolia extract Methylene blue dye Silver nanoparticle Sodium borohydride 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the Malaysian Ministry of Education (MOE) [grant numbers 600-RMI/RAGS 5/3 (20/2013) and 600-RMI/RACE 16/6/2 (5/2013)].

References

  1. AL-Thabaiti NS, Malik MA, Khan Z (2017) Protein interactions with silver nanoparticles: green synthesis, and biophysical approach. Int J Biol Macromol 95:421–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali M, Kim B, Belfield KD, Norman D, Brennan M, Ali GS (2016) Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Artemisia absinthium aqueous extract—a comprehensive study. Mater Sci Eng C 58:359–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anand KKH, Mandal BK (2015) Activity study of biogenic spherical silver nanoparticles towards microbes and oxidants. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:639–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aravinthan A et al (2015) Sunroot mediated synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and evaluation of its antibacterial and rat splenocyte cytotoxic effects. Int J Nanomedicine 10:1977Google Scholar
  5. Ashraf A, Zafar S, Zahid K, Salahuddin Shah M, Al-Ghanim KA, Al-Misned F, Mahboob S (2018) Synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Coriandrum sativum L. J Infect Public Health.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.11.002
  6. Babu Maddinedi S, Mandal BK, Maddili SK (2017) Biofabrication of size controllable silver nanoparticles–a green approach. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 167:236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bagherzade G, Tavakoli MM, Namaei MH (2017) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) wastages and its antibacterial activity against six bacteria. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 7:227–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barua S, Thakur S, Aidew L, Buragohain AK, Chattopadhyay P, Karak N (2014) One step preparation of a biocompatible, antimicrobial reduced graphene oxide–silver nanohybrid as a topical antimicrobial agent. RSC Adv 4:9777–9783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bindhu M, Umadevi M (2014) Silver and gold nanoparticles for sensor and antibacterial applications. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 128:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bogireddy NKR, Kumar HAK, Mandal BK (2016) Biofabricated silver nanoparticles as green catalyst in the degradation of different textile dyes. J Environ Chem Eng 4:56–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bonigala B, Kasukurthi B, Konduri VV, Mangamuri UK, Gorrepati R, Poda S (2018) Green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using Stemona tuberosa Lour and screening for their catalytic activity in the degradation of toxic chemicals. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(32):32540–32548 1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Celebioglu A, Aytac Z, Umu OC, Dana A, Tekinay T, Uyar T (2014) One-step synthesis of size-tunable Ag nanoparticles incorporated in electrospun PVA/cyclodextrin nanofibers. Carbohydr Polym 99:808–816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chankaew C, Somsri S, Tapala W, Mahatheeranont S, Saenjum C, Rujiwatra A (2018) Kaffir lime leaf extract mediated synthesis, anticancer activities and antibacterial kinetics of Ag and Ag/AgCl nanoparticles. Particuology. 40:160–168.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2017.11.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chowdhury NR, MacGregor-Ramiasa M, Zilm P, Majewski P, Vasilev K (2016) ‘Chocolate’silver nanoparticles: synthesis, antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity. J Colloid Interface Sci 482:151–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cuenya BR (2010) Synthesis and catalytic properties of metal nanoparticles: size, shape, support, composition, and oxidation state effects. Thin Solid Films 518:3127–3150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Daphedar A, Taranath TC (2017) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by leaf extract of Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr. and their cytotoxic effect on mitotic chromosomes of Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:25861–25869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Das P, Barua S, Sarkar S, Karak N, Bhattacharyya P, Raza N, Kim KH, Bhattacharya SS (2018) Plant extract–mediated green silver nanoparticles: efficacy as soil conditioner and plant growth promoter. J Hazard Mater 346:62–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.12.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Devi TB, Ahmaruzzaman M (2016) Bio-inspired sustainable and green synthesis of plasmonic Ag/AgCl nanoparticles for enhanced degradation of organic compound from aqueous phase. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:17702–17714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Francis S, Joseph S, Koshy EP, Mathew B (2017) Green synthesis and characterization of gold and silver nanoparticles using Mussaenda glabrata leaf extract and their environmental applications to dye degradation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:17347–17357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Govarthanan M, Cho M, Park J-H, Jang J-S, Yi Y-J, Kamala-Kannan S, Oh B-T (2016a) Cottonseed oilcake extract mediated green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its antibacterial and cytotoxic activity. J Nanomater 2016:6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Govarthanan M, Seo YS, Lee KJ, Jung IB, Ju HJ, Kim JS, Cho M, Kamala-Kannan S, Oh BT (2016b) Low-cost and eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles using coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil cake extract and its antibacterial activity. Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology 44:1878–1882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Henglein A (1989) Small-particle research: physicochemical properties of extremely small colloidal metal and semiconductor particles. Chem Rev 89:1861–1873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Henglein A (1993) Physicochemical properties of small metal particles in solution: “microelectrode” reactions, chemisorption, composite metal particles, and the atom-to-metal transition. J Phys Chem 97:5457–5471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hewitt L (1950) Oxidation-reduction potentials in bacteriology and biochemistry. Postgrad Med J 26(300):552 215Google Scholar
  25. Honary S, Barabadi H, Gharaei-Fathabad E, Naghibi F, Baltimore S (2013) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles induced by the fungus Penicillium citrinum. Trop J Pharm Res 12:7–11Google Scholar
  26. Hong X, Wen J, Xiong X, Hu Y (2016) Shape effect on the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized via a microwave-assisted method. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:4489–4497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Iravani S, Korbekandi H, Mirmohammadi S, Zolfaghari B (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles: chemical, physical and biological methods. Res Pharm Sci 9:385Google Scholar
  28. Jana NR, Sau TK, Pal T (1999) Growing small silver particle as redox catalyst. J Phys Chem B 103:115–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jeeva K, Thiyagarajan M, Elangovan V, Geetha N, Venkatachalam P (2014) Caesalpinia coriaria leaf extracts mediated biosynthesis of metallic silver nanoparticles and their antibacterial activity against clinically isolated pathogens. Ind Crop Prod 52:714–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Khan FU, Chen Y, Khan NU, Khan ZUH, Khan AU, Ahmad A, Tahir K, Wang L, Khan MR, Wan P (2016a) Antioxidant and catalytic applications of silver nanoparticles using Dimocarpus longan seed extract as a reducing and stabilizing agent. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 164:344–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Khan MA, Khan T, Nadhman A (2016b) Applications of plant terpenoids in the synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 234:132–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Khodadadi B, Bordbar M, Nasrollahzadeh M (2017) Achillea millefolium L. extract mediated green synthesis of waste peach kernel shell supported silver nanoparticles: application of the nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of a variety of dyes in water. J Colloid Interface Sci 493:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kumar B, Smita K, Cumbal L, Debut A (2014) Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) oil for one pot synthesis of silver nanocatalyst: an ecofriendly approach. Ind Crop Prod 58:238–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kumar KM, Mandal BK, Tammina SK (2013) Green synthesis of nano platinum using naturally occurring polyphenols. RSC Adv 3:4033–4039.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3RA22959A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kumar V, Singh DK, Mohan S, Bano D, Gundampati RK, Hasan SH (2017) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticle for the selective and sensitive colorimetric detection of mercury (II) ion. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 168:67–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2017.01.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kumari MM, Philip D (2013) Facile one-pot synthesis of gold and silver nanocatalysts using edible coconut oil. Spectrochim. Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 111:154–160Google Scholar
  37. Lee K-J, Park SH, Govarthanan M, Hwang PH, Seo YS, Cho M, Lee WH, Lee JY, Kamala-Kannan S, Oh BT (2013) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using cow milk and their antifungal activity against phytopathogens. Mater Lett 105:128–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Li Z, Wang Y, Ni Y, Kokot S (2014) Unmodified silver nanoparticles for rapid analysis of the organophosphorus pesticide, dipterex, often found in different waters. Sensors Actuators B Chem 193:205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mallick K, Witcomb M, Scurrell M (2006) Silver nanoparticle catalysed redox reaction: an electron relay effect. Mater Chem Phys 97:283–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mat EAT, Shaari J, How VK (2013) Wastewater production, treatment, and use in Malaysia. InGoogle Scholar
  41. Mata R, Nakkala JR, Sadras SR (2015) Catalytic and biological activities of green silver nanoparticles synthesized from Plumeria alba (frangipani) flower extract. Mater Sci Eng C 51:216–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Muthusamy G, Thangasamy S, Raja M, Chinnappan S, Kandasamy S (2017) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from Spirulina microalgae and its antibacterial activity. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:19459–19464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mythili R, Selvankumar T, Kamala-Kannan S, Sudhakar C, Ameen F, al-Sabri A, Selvam K, Govarthanan M, Kim H (2018) Utilization of market vegetable waste for silver nanoparticle synthesis and its antibacterial activity. Mater Lett 225:101–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.04.111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Naseem K, Farooqi ZH, Begum R, Irfan A (2018) Removal of Congo red dye from aqueous medium by its catalytic reduction using sodium borohydride in the presence of various inorganic nano-catalysts: a review. J Clean Prod 187:296–307.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.209 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Nguyen TT-N, Vo T-T, Nguyen BN-H, Nguyen D-T, Dang V-S, Dang C-H, Nguyen T-D (2018) Silver and gold nanoparticles biosynthesized by aqueous extract of burdock root, Arctium lappa as antimicrobial agent and catalyst for degradation of pollutants. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(34):34247–34261 1-15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Oluwafemi OS, Mochochoko T, Leo AJ, Mohan S, Jumbam DN, Songca SP (2016) Microwave irradiation synthesis of silver nanoparticles using cellulose from Eichhornia crassipes plant shoot. Mater Lett 185:576–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Poopathi S, De Britto LJ, Praba VL, Mani C, Praveen M (2015) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Azadirachta indica—a most effective method for mosquito control. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:2956–2963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Raj S, Mali SC, Trivedi R (2018) Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Enicostemma axillare (Lam.) leaf extract. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 503:2814–2819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Rajkuberan C, Prabukumar S, Sathishkumar G, Wilson A, Ravindran K, Sivaramakrishnan S (2016) Facile synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Euphorbia antiquorum L. latex extract and evaluation of their biomedical perspectives as anticancer agents. J Saudi Chem Soc 21(8):911–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Samyn P, Barhoum A, Öhlund T, Dufresne A (2018) Nanoparticles and nanostructured materials in papermaking. J Mater Sci 53:146–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Santhoshkumar T, Rahuman AA, Bagavan A, Marimuthu S, Jayaseelan C, Kirthi AV, Kamaraj C, Rajakumar G, Zahir AA, Elango G, Velayutham K, Iyappan M, Siva C, Karthik L, Rao KVB (2012) Evaluation of stem aqueous extract and synthesized silver nanoparticles using Cissus quadrangularis against Hippobosca maculata and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Exp Parasitol 132:156–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sengottaiyan A, Mythili R, Selvankumar T, Aravinthan A, Kamala-Kannan S, Manoharan K, Thiyagarajan P, Govarthanan M, Kim JH (2016) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Solanum indicum L. and their antibacterial, splenocyte cytotoxic potentials. Res Chem Intermed 42:3095–3103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Shi H, Yu Y, Zhang Y, Feng X, Zhao X, Tan H, Khan SU, Li Y, Wang E (2018) Polyoxometalate/TiO2/Ag composite nanofibers with enhanced photocatalytic performance under visible light. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 221:280–289Google Scholar
  54. Sillanpää M, Shestakova M (2017) Chapter 2 - electrochemical water treatment methods. In: Sillanpää M, Shestakova M (eds) . Butterworth-Heinemann, Electrochemical water treatment methods, pp 47–130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811462-9.00002-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sinha T, Ahmaruzzaman M (2015) High-value utilization of egg shell to synthesize silver and gold–silver core shell nanoparticles and their application for the degradation of hazardous dyes from aqueous phase-A green approach. J Colloid Interface Sci 453:115–131Google Scholar
  56. Sowmyya T (2017) Spectroscopic investigation on catalytic and bactericidal properties of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized using Soymida febrifuga aqueous stem bark extract. J Environ Chem Eng 6(3):3590–3601Google Scholar
  57. Suvith V, Philip D (2014) Catalytic degradation of methylene blue using biosynthesized gold and silver nanoparticles. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 118:526–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tran QH, Le A-T (2013) Silver nanoparticles: synthesis, properties, toxicology, applications and perspectives. Adv Nat Sci Nanosci Nanotechnol 4:033001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Tripathi R, Kumar N, Shrivastav A, Singh P, Shrivastav B (2013) Catalytic activity of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized by Ficus panda leaf extract. J Mol Catal B Enzym 96:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ung T, Giersig M, Dunstan D, Mulvaney P (1997) Spectroelectrochemistry of colloidal silver. Langmuir. 13:1773–1782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vanaamudan A, Soni H, Sudhakar PP (2016) Palm shell extract capped silver nanoparticles—as efficient catalysts for degradation of dyes and as SERS substrates. J Mol Liq 215:787–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Varadavenkatesan T, Selvaraj R, Vinayagam R (2016) Phyto-synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Mussaenda erythrophylla leaf extract and their application in catalytic degradation of methyl orange dye. J Mol Liq 221:1063–1070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Vasimalai N, John SA (2013) Biopolymer capped silver nanoparticles as fluorophore for ultrasensitive and selective determination of malathion. Talanta. 115:24–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Vidhu V, Philip D (2014a) Catalytic degradation of organic dyes using biosynthesized silver nanoparticles. Micron. 56:54–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Vidhu V, Philip D (2014b) Spectroscopic, microscopic and catalytic properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Saraca indica flower. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 117:102–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Yue L, Zhou M, Chen Q, Weng J, Zhang Y (2009) Ag/PEO nanocomposite fabricated in a planar magnetron sputtering. Vacuum. 83:1200–1203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zarpelon F, Galiotto D, Aguzzoli C, Carli LN, Figueroa CA, Baumvol IJR, Machado G, Crespo JS, Giovanela M (2016) Removal of coliform bacteria from industrial wastewaters using polyelectrolytes/silver nanoparticles self-assembled thin films. J Environ Chem Eng 4:137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zhang W, Tan F, Wang W, Qiu X, Qiao X, Chen J (2012) Facile, template-free synthesis of silver nanodendrites with high catalytic activity for the reduction of p-nitrophenol. J Hazard Mater 217-218:36–42.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Green Electronics NanoMaterials Group (GEMs), School of Materials and Mineral Resources EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia
  2. 2.Sensor and Environmental Research Group (SERG), Department of Applied SciencesTechnology University MARA, Cawangan Pulau PinangPermatang PauhMalaysia

Personalised recommendations