Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 11342–11354 | Cite as

Snapshot of environmental condition in different tropical estuarine systems by using S. cucullata (an edible oyster) as bio-indicator

  • Prantick Patra
  • Chellandi MohandassEmail author
  • Parthasarathi Chakraborty
Research Article


Accumulation of toxic metals and indigenous bacteria in oyster, (Saccostrea cucullata) and their impact on antioxidant enzyme activities in the biological system was studied and used to provide snapshot of environmental condition in different tropical estuarine systems. The sedimentary Cd, Pb, and Hg concentration varied from 0.1 to 1.8, 22.0 to 98.0, and 0.03 to 0.11 mg kg−1 (dry wt.) respectively. The bioaccumulated Cd, Pb, and Hg concentration in the oysters ranged from 3.6 to 9.0, 0.03 to 8.0, and 0.06 to 0.1 mg kg−1 (dry wt.) respectively. In the oyster, the Cd concentration was well above the safe limit whereas the Pb and Hg concentrations were below the safe limit recommended by the European Commission (EC No. 1881/2006) for human consumption. The MPN value in the raw oyster for fecal coliforms (33–110 × 103/100 g) exceeded the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) approved limits. Increase in antioxidant enzymes (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione-s-transferase, and metallothionein) activities with increasing pollutants loading was observed. The activities of antioxidant enzymes in the oyster were found to be very useful tool for evaluating environmental condition in any tropical estuarine systems.


Bioaccumulation Pathogen Toxic metals Biomarker Antioxidant enzymes 



The authors are grateful to Director, CSIR-NIO, for his encouragement and providing necessary support for this work. Dr. Suhas S. Shetye is acknowledged for analytical help. One of the authors Prantick Patra would like to acknowledge Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), India, for providing the fellowship to carry out his Ph.D. research. This article bears NIO contribution number 6354.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4564_MOESM1_ESM.docx (69 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 69 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prantick Patra
    • 1
  • Chellandi Mohandass
    • 2
    Email author
  • Parthasarathi Chakraborty
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Biological Oceanography DivisionCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia
  2. 2.CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography-Regional CentreMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Geological Oceanography DivisionCSIR-National Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Oceans, Rivers, Atmosphere and Land SciencesIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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