Biosorption of nickel(II) and copper(II) ions from synthetic and real effluents by alginate-based biosorbent produced from seaweed Sargassum sp.
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In this study, the alginate-based biosorbent produced from seaweed Sargassum sp. was used in biosorption of Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions from synthetic solutions and real electroplating effluents. Biosorption kinetics, isotherms, pH effect, thermodynamic parameters, and sorption/desorption cycles were also evaluated. Kinetic studies show the sorption equilibrium can be obtained within 180 min for Ni2+ ions and 360 min for Cu2+ ions, and the adsorption kinetics data are well described by the pseudo-second order and diffusion in spherical adsorbents. Langmuir model can be well used to describe the biosorption isotherm data. The maximum sorption capacity (qmax) and Langmuir constant (b) were up to 1.147 mmol g−1 and 1.139 L mmol-1 for Ni2+ ions and 1.640 mmol g−1 and 4.645 L mmol-1 for Cu2+ ions. The calculated thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH°, and ΔS°) showed that the biosorption of Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions are predominantly a chemical phenomenon of endothermic nature, favorable, and spontaneous at the temperature ranges of 293–313 K. Partial desorption of the Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions on the biosorbent was achieved using acidic and saline eluents, allowing the biosorbent to be used in new sorption/desorption cycles. EDX analysis suggests an ion exchange mechanism between calcium ions on the biosorbent and target metals. Biosorption of Ni2+ and Cu2+ from real electroplating effluents with high concentrations of light metals becomes highly competitive, decreasing the amount of Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions biosorbed due to the ionic strength effect.
KeywordsBiosorption Metal ions Alginate Thermodynamic Desorption Real effluent
The authors acknowledge Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for financial support.
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