Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 10972–10986 | Cite as

Evaluation of the environmental noise problems in holiday villages: a case study from Antalya, Turkey

  • Özge GürsoyEmail author
  • Neşe Yüğrük Akdağ
Research Article
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

Not only the appeal of the sun, natural, and historical beauties but also architectural features and business advantages of the accommodation facilities emerge as important factors in tourism development. Holiday villages differ from other types of accommodation facilities in terms of their functions and services. It is important to provide tourists acceptable levels of comfort in holiday villages offering various functions. One of these comfort conditions is acoustic comfort, which involves noise control. Noise emitted from various indoor and outdoor facilities is the main component impacting acoustic comfort in holiday villages. In this study, a holiday village in Antalya, Turkey with an open area of 120,000 m2 was examined to identify noise exposure conditions of outdoor areas. Pools, restaurants, animation areas, playgrounds, and courts are the main outdoor noise sources in this holiday village. The noise emitted by these sources during daytime (Ld) and evening time (Le) are shown in noise maps. The open areas affected by 65 LAeq noise level extend to an area of 55,500 and 21,000 m2 during Ld and Le, respectively. With the noise barriers around the main noise sources, impacted open areas are reduced by 13% in Ld and 12% in Le. The results of this study clearly reveals the importance of resolving the issue of environmental noise in the most efficient and cost-effective way in terms of settlement and planning, especially in areas with dominant noise sources like holiday villages.

Keywords

Holiday villages Noise Noise mapping Noise mitigation Noise barriers Environmental noise 

Notes

References

  1. Akdağ N, Zorer Gedik G, Kiraz F, Şener B (2017) Effect of mass housing settlement type on the comfortable open areas in terms of noise. Environ Monit Assess 189:504.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6202-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altınoluk, Ü (1989) Tatil köyünde yaşam programı. Türkiye’de Son On Yılda Turizm Yapıları Uygulamaları Sempozyumu 6–7 April 1989, İstanbul, pp.16–22. (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  3. Amer E, (1991) Design principles of tourist settlements in the Mediterranean like region, a case study of the north west coast of Egypt. International Symposium on Architecture Of Tourism İn The Mediterrenean, Proceeding II, İstanbulGoogle Scholar
  4. Andriotis K (2003) Coastal resorts morphology: the Cretan experience Konstantinos. Tour Recreat Res.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2003.11081387
  5. Arcan EF, Kapkın M (1989) Tatil köylerinde rekreasyonel, sosyal, kültürel aktiviteler ve temel spor faaliyetlerinin planlanmasına bir program yaklaşımı. Türkiye’de Son On Yılda Turizm Yapıları Ugulamaları Sempozyumu 6–7 April 1989, İstanbul, pp.23–31. (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  6. Beyhan ŞG, Ünügür SM (2006) Turizm yapılarında kimlik sorunu ve Belek-Kemer örnekleme çalışması. Süleyman Demirel univ fen bilim enst derg 10(2):262–273Google Scholar
  7. Bölükbaşı M, Yılmaz S (2013) Eğlence gürültü haritalarının hazırlanması: İstanbul Boğazı Kuruçeşme Mevkii örneği. 10. Ulusal Akustik Kongresi 16–17 December 2013, İstanbul. (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  8. Booi H, Van Den Berg F (2012) Quiet areas and the need for quietness in Amsterdam. J Environ Res Public Health 9:1030–1050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bunn F, Zannin PHT (2015) Urban planning - simulation of noise control measures. Noise Control Eng J 63(1):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Busoa T, Dell’Annab F, Becchioa C, Botterob MC, Corgnati SP (2017) Of comfort and cost: examining indoor comfort conditions and guests’ valuations in Italian hotel rooms. Chem Phys Lett.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.01.006
  11. Danish EPA (1984) Danish environmental protection agency guideline no. 5/1984. http://eng.mst.dk/media/mst/Attachments/8750352874_Vejledningframiljostyrelsen_eksternstoj.pdf. Accessed 10 April 2018.
  12. Donmez S, Aciksoz S (2010) Landscape planning and design principles of holiday village : Antalya Kemer Ulusoy holiday village. Afr J Agric Res 5(12):1448–1455Google Scholar
  13. EC, (2002) EU Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise. Council of the European Union, https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/27d1a64e-08f0-4665-a258-96f16c7af072/. Accessed 2 June 2018
  14. Erdönmez Özgüç İM, Yüksel Ö (2013) Antalya Ulusoy tatil köyü ve robinson Club Pamfilya tatil köylerinde peyzaj planlama ve tasarım ilkeleri açısından karşılaştırmalı bir çalışma. İstanbul univ orman fak derg 63(2):43–60 (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  15. Guedes ICM, Bertoli SR, Zannin PHT (2011) Influence of urban shapes on environmental noise: a case study in Aracaju – Brazil. Sci Total Environ.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.10.018
  16. Hacıhasanoğlu O (1989) Tatil köylerinde yerleşme ilkeleri. Türkiye’de Son On Yılda Turizm Yapıları Uygulamaları Sempozyumu, 6–7 April 1989, İstanbul, pp. 205–210. (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  17. Himmetlioğlu B (1989) Tatil köylerinin amaç, görev ve işletme sorunları. Türkiye’de Son On Yılda Turizm Yapıları Uygulamaları Sempozyumu, 6–7 April 1989, İstanbul, pp. 218–227. (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  18. Inbakaran R, Jackson M (2005) Understanding resort visitors through segmentation. Tour Hosp Res 6(1):53–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. ISO 1996-2 (2017) Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise — part 2: determination of sound pressure levels. https://www.iso.org/standard/59766.html. Accesed 10 April 2018
  20. ISO 9613-2:1996 (1996) Acoustics, attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors-part 2: general method of calculation. https://www.iso.org/standard/20649.html. Accessed 10 April 2018
  21. King EA, Rice HJ (2009) The development of a practical framework for strategic noise mapping. Appl Acoust.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2009.01.005
  22. Langer G (1996) Traffic noise and hotel profits-is there a relationship? Tour Manag 17(4):296–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lawson F (1995) Hotels and resorts: planning, design and refurbishment. Architectural Press, BostonGoogle Scholar
  24. Martins CS, Cavaco CS (2018) Portuguese West Coast tourism resorts: an unfinished landscape of territorial liabilities. Euro Plan Stud.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2017.1384450
  25. Menge CW (2007) Noise from amusement park attractions: sound level and data abatement strategies. Institute of Noise Control Engineering http://wwwhmmhcom/cmsdocuments/NCEJ Amusementparkpdf Accesed 25 July 2017
  26. Meteorological Archive (2016) Archive of Turkish State Meteorological Service. http://www.mgm.gov.tr. Accessed January 2018
  27. Morrison A, Braunlich C, Cai L, O'Leary J (1996) A profile of the casino resort vacationer. J Travel Res 34(2):55–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Munteanu C, Tămaş-Gavrea D, Stanca S, Hodász G (2012) Considerations regarding noise protection in a hotel. Bulletin of the Polytechnic Institute of Jassy, Tomme:LVIII (LXII), Fascicle:4/2012:81–96Google Scholar
  29. NMPB-Routes-96 (1996) Arrêté du 5 mai 1995 relatif au bruit des infrastructures routières, Journal official. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000533013&categorieLien=id. Accessed 10 April 2018 (in French)
  30. Real Decreto Legislativo (1986) Real Decreto Legislativo 1302/1986, de 28 de junio, de evaluación de impacto ambiental. Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Urbanismo, https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-1986-17240. Accessed 10 April 2018
  31. RENAM (2010) The regulation of environmental noise assessment and management. The Turkish Official Gazette, No:25862. http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2005/07/20050701-7.htm. Accessed June 2017 (in Turkish)
  32. RPDAN (2017) Regulation on the protection of buildings against noise. The Turkish Official Gazette, No:30082. http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2017/05/20170531-7.htm. Accessed June 2017 (in Turkish)
  33. Sarı D, Özkurt N, Hamamcı SF, Ece M, Yalçındağ N, Akdağ A, Yüğrük Akdağ N (2013) Assesment of noise pollution sourced from entertainment places in Antalya-Turkey. INTERNOISE 2014 - 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Improving the World Through Noise Control, 15–18 September 2013, Innsbruck, Austria. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280223778_Assessment_of_noise_pollution_sourced_from_entertainment_places_in_Antalya_Turkey
  34. Şerefhanoğlu Sözen M, İlgürel N (2006) Tatil köylerinde akustik konfor yönünden gürültü denetimi. Tourism and Archictecture Symposium, 27-28 April 2006, Antalya/Turkey (in Turkish)Google Scholar
  35. SoundPLAN GMBH (2016) SoundPLAN Manual V7.2. Backnang, SoundPLAN GMBH http://www.SoundPLAN.com/SoundPLAN_en-master.pdf. Accessed 22 April 2018
  36. TA Lärm (1998) Technische Anleitung zum Schutz gegen Lärm - TA Lärm. http://www.staedtebauliche-laermfibel.de/pdf/TA-Laerm.pdf. Accessed 10 April 2018. (in German)
  37. Unutmaz H (2000) The definition of planning principles of holiday villages built in Turkey. 40th Congress of the European Regional Science Association 26th Meeting of Regional Studies of the Spanish Association of Regional Science, Spain. pp. 56–69Google Scholar
  38. WG-AEN (2007) European commission working group, good practice guide for strategic noise mapping and the production of associated data on noise exposure, version 2. https://www.lfu.bayern.de/laerm/eg_umgebungslaermrichtlinie/doc/good_practice_guide_2007.pdf. Accessed March 2018
  39. Zotic V, Alexandru D, Puiu V (2011) The holiday village concept and its role in tourism planning. Int J Energy Environ 5(1):132–141 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architectureİstanbul Medeniyet UniversityKadıköyTurkey
  2. 2.Department of ArchitectureYıldız Technical UniversityBeşiktaşTurkey

Personalised recommendations