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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 10902–10915 | Cite as

Application of biochar for acid gas removal: experimental and statistical analysis using CO2

  • Hanieh BamdadEmail author
  • Kelly Hawboldt
  • Stephanie MacQuarrie
  • Sadegh Papari
Research Article
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

Acid gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide are common contaminants in oil and gas operations, landfill gases, and exhaust stacks from power plants. While there are processes currently used to treat these effluents (e.g., amine absorption and adsorption using zeolite), many of these processes require high energy, space, and hazardous chemicals. Removal using biochar derived from the fast pyrolysis of forestry residues represents a more sustainable option. In this study, adsorption using CO2 as a surrogate for acid gases was investigated using various biochars produced from fast pyrolysis of sawmill residues. Response surface methodology was used to determine operating conditions for maximum adsorption and assess interaction of the adsorption parameters, i.e., temperature, inlet feed flow rate, and CO2 concentration, on biochar adsorption capacity. The Freundlich isotherm best represented the equilibrium adsorption, and the kinetic model was pseudo first-order. Thermodynamic analysis indicated the adsorption process was spontaneous and exothermic. The biochar had better adsorption capacity relative to commercial zeolite. Our results suggested that biochar could be used as a sustainable and cost-effective option for contaminant removal from acid gases produced in landfill gas treatment, fossil fuel extraction, and/or combustion.

Keywords

Acid gases Carbon dioxide Adsorption Biochar Optimization RSM 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Andrew Carrier, Postdoctoral Fellow in Cape Breton University for productive comments and discussion.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4509_MOESM1_ESM.docx (624 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 623 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanieh Bamdad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kelly Hawboldt
    • 1
  • Stephanie MacQuarrie
    • 2
  • Sadegh Papari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering and Applied ScienceMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryCape Breton UniversitySydneyCanada

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