Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 10816–10825 | Cite as

The effects of energy on investment, human health, environment and economic growth: empirical evidence from China

  • Muhammad AzamEmail author
  • Abdul Qayyum Khan
  • Ilhan Ozturk
Research Article


The role of energy cannot be passed over in the process of economic growth and development in any economy. China consumes colossal quantity of energy; thus, the central objectives of this study is to empirically evaluate the linkages among energy use, environment by CO2 emissions, human health by health expenditures, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, and real GDP per capita used for economic growth over the period of 1995–2016 for China. The nature of the data directed to employ the Canonical cointegrating regression (CCR) method for unknown parameter estimation. Four equations have estimated namely for FDI, health, environment, and economic growth. The result for China during the period under the study reveals that energy consumption has significant positive impact on FDI, health, environment, and economic growth. The study results suggest that policy makers need to chalk out effective policy for effective utilization of energy so as to encourage permissible economic growth and development in China.


Energy Environment Human health FDI inflows Growth China 

JEL codes

P28 F21 H5 O4 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

The manuscript has not been previously published, is not currently submitted for review to any other journal, and will not be submitted elsewhere before a decision is made by this journal.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and EconomicsAbdul Wali Khan University MardanMardanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Management SciencesCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Cag UniversityMersinTurkey

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