Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 10013–10022 | Cite as

Effect of 3-D distribution of ZVI nanoparticles confined in polymeric anion exchanger on EDTA-chelated Cu(II) removal

  • Fei Liu
  • Xiaolin Zhang
  • Chao ShanEmail author
  • Bingcai Pan
Research Article
  • 161 Downloads

Abstract

Millispherical nanocomposites are promising for water decontamination combining the high reactivity of the confined nanoparticles and the excellent hydrodynamic properties of the supporting host. However, the effect of three-dimensional (3-D) distribution of the nanoparticles inside the host on the performance of the nanocomposite was highly dependent on the specific decontamination process. In this study, four D201-ZVI nanocomposites from peripheral to uniform 3-D distributions of nZVI were prepared to evaluate the effect of 3-D distribution of the confined nanoparticles inside the host beads on the removal of EDTA-chelated Cu(II). The performance of Cu(II) removal increased with the 3-D distribution tailoring towards the peripheral region, which was also validated under various solution chemistry conditions in terms of initial pH, DO, and coexisting sulfate. The mechanism underlying the 3-D distribution effect may be ascribed to three perspectives. First, the dissolution of Fe was also higher from the peripherally distributed nZVI nanocomposites compared with the uniform ones. In addition, SEM-EDS analysis revealed the immobilization of Cu occurred at limited depth from the outermost surface of the composite beads, leading to the low spatial utilization of the inner core region. Furthermore, XRD and XPS analyses demonstrated the higher chemical utilization of nZVI for the outer-distributed nanocomposites owing to the shortened pathway for mass transfer. This study shed new light on the design and development of tunable nanocomposites of improved reactivity for water decontamination processes.

Keywords

Complexed heavy metal Zero-valent iron Spatial distribution Nanocomposites Water decontamination 

Notes

Funding information

The study was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0203104) and Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51761165011 and 51608255).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4451_MOESM1_ESM.docx (299 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 299 kb)

References

  1. Ates N, Incetan FB (2013) Competition impact of sulfate on NOM removal by anion-exchange resins in high-sulfate and low-SUVA waters. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:14261–14269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bae S, Hanna K (2015) Reactivity of nanoscale zero-valent Iron in unbuffered systems: effect of pH and Fe(II) dissolution. Environ Sci Technol 49:10536–10543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barndok H, Blanco L, Hermosilla D, Blanco A (2016) Heterogeneous photo-Fenton processes using zero valent iron microspheres for the treatment of wastewaters contaminated with 1,4-dioxane. Chem Eng J 284:112–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen L, Zhao X, Pan BC, Zhang WX, Hua M, Lv L, Zhang WM (2015) Preferable removal of phosphate from water using hydrous zirconium oxide-based nanocomposite of high stability. J Hazard Mater 284:35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dou YD, Lin KL, Chang JA (2011) Polymer nanocomposites with controllable distribution and arrangement of inorganic nanocomponents. Nanoscale 3:1508–1511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Du Q, Zhang SJ, Pan BC, Lv L, Zhang WM, Zhang QX (2013) Bifunctional resin-ZVI composites for effective removal of arsenite through simultaneous adsorption and oxidation. Water Res 47:6064–6074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fu FL, Dionysiou DD, Liu H (2014) The use of zero-valent iron for groundwater remediation and wastewater treatment: a review. J Hazard Mater 267:194–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gasparovicova D, Kralik M, Hronec M, Biffis A, Zecca M, Corain B (2006) Reduction of nitrates dissolved in water over palladium-copper catalysts supported on a strong cationic resin. J Mol Catal A-Chem 244:258–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Guan XH, Sun YK, Qin HJ, Li JX, Lo IMC, He D, Dong HR (2015a) The limitations of applying zero-valent iron technology in contaminants sequestration and the corresponding countermeasures: the development in zero-valent iron technology in the last two decades (1994–2014). Water Res 75:224–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guan XH, Jiang X, Qiao JL, Zhou GM (2015b) Decomplexation and subsequent reductive removal of EDTA-chelated CuII by zero-valent iron coupled with a weak magnetic field: performances and mechanisms. J Hazard Mater 300:688–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hua M, Zhang SJ, Pan BC, Zhang WM, Lv L, Zhang QX (2012) Heavy metal removal from water/wastewater by nanosized metal oxides: a review. J Hazard Mater 211:317–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huang YH, Zhang TC (2005) Effects of dissolved oxygen on formation of corrosion products and concomitant oxygen and nitrate reduction in zero-valent iron systems with or without aqueous Fe2+. Water Res 39:1751–1760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jiang ZM, Lv L, Zhang WM, Du QO, Pan BC, Yang L, Zhang QX (2011) Nitrate reduction using nanosized zero-valent iron supported by polystyrene resins: role of surface functional groups. Water Res 45:2191–2198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiang ZM, Zhang SJ, Pan BC, Wang WF, Wang XS, Lv L, Zhang WM, Zhang QX (2012) A fabrication strategy for nanosized zero valent iron (nZVI)-polymeric anion exchanger composites with tunable structure for nitrate reduction. J Hazard Mater 233:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jiang X, Qiao JL, Lo IMC, Wang L, Guan XH, Lu ZP, Zhou GM, Xu CH (2015) Enhanced paramagnetic Cu2+ ions removal by coupling a weak magnetic field with zero valent iron. J Hazard Mater 283:880–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Khan HA, Natarajan P, Jung KD (2018) Stabilization of Pt at the inner wall of hollow spherical SiO2 generated from Pt/hollow spherical SiC for sulfuric acid decomposition. Appl Catal B-Environ 231:151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar SK, Krishnamoorti R (2010) Nanocomposites: structure, phase behavior, and properties. Annual Rev Chem Biomol Eng 1:37–58Google Scholar
  18. Lai B, Zhang YH, Chen ZY, Yang P, Zhou YX, Wang JL (2014) Removal of p-nitrophenol (PNP) in aqueous solution by the micron-scale iron-copper (Fe/Cu) bimetallic particles. Appl Catal B-Environ 144:816–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li JX, Qin HJ, Guan XH (2015) Premagnetization for enhancing the reactivity of multiple zerovalent iron samples toward various contaminants. Environ Sci Technol 49:14401–14408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu F, Shan C, Zhang XL, Zhang YY, Zhang WM, Pan BC (2017a) Enhanced removal of EDTA-chelated Cu(II) by polymeric anion-exchanger supported nanoscale zero-valent iron. J Hazard Mater 321:290–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu A, Liu J, Han J, Zhang WX (2017b) Evolution of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) in water: microscopic and spectroscopic evidence on the formation of nano- and micro-structured iron oxides. J Hazard Mater 322:129–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lofrano G, Carotenuto M, Libralato G, Domingos RF, Markus A, Dini L, Gautam RK, Baldantoni D, Rossi M, Sharma SK, Chattopadhyaya MC, Giugni M, Meric S (2016) Polymer functionalized nanocomposites for metals removal from water and wastewater: an overview. Water Res 92:22–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lu F, Astruc D (2018) Nanomaterials for removal of toxic elements from water. Coord Chem Rev 356:147–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Merkel TC, Freeman BD, Spontak RJ, He Z, Pinnau I, Meakin P, Hill AJ (2002) Ultrapermeable, reverse-selective nanocomposite membranes. Science 296:519–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pan BJ, Wu J, Pan BC, Lv L, Zhang WM, Xiao LL, Wang XS, Tao XC, Zheng SR (2009) Development of polymer-based nanosized hydrated ferric oxides (HFOs) for enhanced phosphate removal from waste effluents. Water Res 43:4421–4429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Podsiadlo P, Arruda EM, Kheng E, Waas AM, Lee J, Critchley K, Qin M, Chuang E, Kaushik AK, Kim HS, Qi Y, Noh ST, Kotov NA (2009) LBL assembled laminates with hierarchical organization from nano- to microscale: high-toughness nanomaterials and deformation imaging. ACS Nano 3:1564–1572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Prieto G, Zecevic J, Friedrich H, de Jong KP, de Jongh PE (2013) Towards stable catalysts by controlling collective properties of supported metal nanoparticles. Nat Mater 12:34–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ren Y, Li J, Yuan DH, Lai B (2017) Removal of p-nitrophenol in aqueous solution by mixed Fe0/(passivated Fe0) fixed bed filters. Ind Eng Chem Res 56:9293–9302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shan C, Dong H, Huang P, Hua M, Liu Y, Gao G, Zhang W, Lv L, Pan B (2019) Dual-functional millisphere of anion-exchanger-supported nanoceria for synergistic As(III) removal with stoichiometric H2O2: catalytic oxidation and sorption. Chem Eng J 360:982–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stefaniuk M, Oleszczuk P, Ok YS (2016) Review on nano zerovalent iron (nZVI): from synthesis to environmental applications. Chem Eng J 287:618–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tang S, Wang XM, Mao YQ, Zhao Y, Yang HW, Xie YFF (2015) Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on iron efficiency: removal of three chloroacetic acids. Water Res 73:342–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Trujillo-Reyes J, Peralta-Videa JR, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2014) Supported and unsupported nanomaterials for water and soil remediation: are they a useful solution for worldwide pollution? J Hazard Mater 280:487–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xia XF, Ling L, Zhang WX (2017) Solution and surface chemistry of the se(IV)-Fe(0) reactions: effect of initial solution pH. Chemosphere 168:1597–1603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xiong SW, Liu M, Yan JB, Zhao ZH, Wang H, Yin XZ, Wang LX, Chen SH (2018) Immobilization of Ag3PO4 nanoparticles on chitosan fiber for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. Cellulose 25:5007–5015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhao GX, Huang XB, Tang ZW, Huang QF, Niu FL, Wang XK (2018) Polymer-based nanocomposites for heavy metal ions removal from aqueous solution: a review. Polym Chem 9:3562–3582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhou H, He Y, Lan Y, Mao J, Chen S (2008) Influence of complex reagents on removal of chromium(VI) by zero-valent iron. Chemosphere 72:870–874CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zou GF, Jain MK, Yang H, Zhang YY, Williams D, Jia QX (2010) Recyclable and electrically conducting carbon nanotube composite films. Nanoscale 2:418–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the EnvironmentNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemical EngineeringHuaiyin Institute of TechnologyHuai’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Research Center for Environmental Nanotechnology (ReCENT)Nanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations