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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 9305–9313 | Cite as

Effectiveness of simultaneous foliar application of Zn and Mn or P to reduce Cd concentration in rice grains: a field study

  • Guanghui Lv
  • Hui Wang
  • Chao XuEmail author
  • Hong ShuaiEmail author
  • Zunchang Luo
  • Quan Zhang
  • Hanhua Zhu
  • Shuai Wang
  • Qihong Zhu
  • Yangzhu Zhang
  • Daoyou Huang
Research Article
  • 192 Downloads

Abstract

Excess cadmium (Cd) in agricultural soils can be taken up by rice plants and concentrated in the grain, presenting a human health risk. In this study, we field tested the effects of three foliar treatments (zinc (Zn) alone, or combined with manganese (ZnMn) or phosphorus (ZnP)) on the Cd concentration and grain yield of six rice cultivars (C Liangyou 7, Fengyuanyou 272, Xiangwanxian 12, Tianyouhuazhan, Xiangwanxian 13, and Jinyou 284) at the grain filling stage. Our results showed that rice yield and Cd, Zn, Mn, P, and K concentrations were significantly different among the cultivars (p < 0.05); for example, Jinyou 284 recorded lower Cd levels than any other cultivar. Application of Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP had no significant effect on rice yield and Mn, P, and K concentrations for all cultivars. Compared with the control, Cd concentrations after treatment with Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP decreased by 19.03–32.55%, 36.63–55.78% (p < 0.05), and 25.72–49.10%, respectively, while Zn concentrations increased by 11.02–29.38%, 10.63–32.67%, and 11.97–36.82%, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between Cd and Zn concentrations (p < 0.01). All three treatments increased Zn and reduced Cd concentration in rice grains, though ZnMn was most effective. Therefore, cultivar selection and Zn fertilizer application are effective strategies to minimize Cd concentration in rice grains. However, the lowest result still exceeded the Chinese Cd safety limit (0.2 mg Cd kg−1) by a factor of 2.6, demonstrating that additional effective measures should be simultaneously used to further reduce the accumulation of Cd in rice grains.

Keywords

Zinc Cadmium Rice cultivars Grain yield 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (201403015), the National Key Technologies R&D Program of China (2015BAD05B02), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2015JJ2081), the Guangdong Science and Technology Program (2015B02037008), the Hunan Provincial Department of Agriculture (Hunan Agricultural Union 2015-112), the Natural Science Foundation of China (41101293), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2014 M562110).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guanghui Lv
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hui Wang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Chao Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hong Shuai
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zunchang Luo
    • 4
  • Quan Zhang
    • 1
  • Hanhua Zhu
    • 1
  • Shuai Wang
    • 1
  • Qihong Zhu
    • 1
  • Yangzhu Zhang
    • 3
  • Daoyou Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical AgricultureChinese Academy of SciencesChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesHunan Normal UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.College of Resources and EnvironmentHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.Soil and Fertilizer Institute of Hunan ProvinceChangshaChina

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