Sediment phosphorus release in response to flood event across different land covers in a restored wetland
The phosphorus (P) fraction and its release characteristics from sediment in response to flood events across different land covers (i.e., reclaimed land with dominant vegetation of Phragmites australis and/or Typha orientalis, grassland with dominant vegetation of annual and perennial forbs, and bare land) in the lakeshore of Chaohu Lake were investigated. The results indicated that the re-flooding of a restored wetland led to P release. IP (inorganic P) was the major P fraction in the soils pre-flood and post-flood. For all the soil samples, the rank order of P fractions was Ca-P (P associated with calcium) > OP (organic P) > Fe/Al-P (P bound to Al, Fe, and Mn oxides and hydroxides). During flooding, Fe/Al-P contributed the most as the P release source in the soils and to the P sources for the overlying water. In reclaimed land, Fe/Al-P release correlated significantly with soil pH. In grassland, Fe/Al-P release correlated significantly with soil pH and Al content. In bare land, Fe/Al-P release correlated significantly with Al and clay content. The max TP release rates were also significantly influenced by land cover, and the values in bare land, grassland, and reclaimed land were 9.91 mg P m−2 day−1, 8.10 mg P m−2 day−1, and 5.05 mg P m−2 day−1, respectively. The results showed that the P release processes might be regulated by different factors across different land covers, and that the re-introduction of vegetation during wetland restoration must be taken into account prior to flood events to avoid an undesirable degradation of water quality.
KeywordsSubmergence Restored wetland Soil phosphorus release Land cover Freshwater lakes
We thank Guowen Li for data collection. This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0200309-4).
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