It is the key point to reveal the effect of irrigation water and fertilization conditions on the agriculture non-point pollution in the paddy field. In this study, the estimation model of agricultural non-point source pollution loads at field scale was established on the basis of agricultural drainage irrigation model and combined with pollutant concentration predication model. Based on the estimation model of agricultural non-point source pollution in the field and experimental data, the load of agricultural non-point source pollution in different irrigate amount and fertilization schedule in paddy field was calculated. The results showed that the variation of field drainage varies greatly under different irrigation conditions, and there is an “inflection point” between the irrigation water amount and field drainage amount. The non-point pollution load increased with the increase of irrigation water and showed a significant power correlation. Under the different irrigation condition, the increase amplitude of non-point pollution load with the increase of irrigation water was different. When the irrigation water is smaller, the non-point pollution load increase relatively less, and when the irrigation water increased to inflection point, the non-point pollution load will increase considerably. In addition, there was a positive correlation between the fertilization and non-point pollution load. The non-point pollution load had obvious difference in different fertilization schedule even with same fertilization level, in which the fertilizer pollution load increased the most in the period of turning green to tillering. The results provide some basis for the field control and management of agricultural non-point source pollution.
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The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and the Editor of the journal. Their detailed suggestions have resulted in an improved manuscript.
Funding was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51509223 and No. 51879242).
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