Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 8280–8288 | Cite as

Effects of exposure to triphenyltin (TPT) contaminant on sperm activity in adulthood of Calomys laucha exposed through breastfeeding

  • Tiane Ferreira de Castro
  • Antônio Sergio Varela Junior
  • Francine Ferreira Padilha
  • Daniela Droppa-AlmeidaEmail author
  • Graciela Quintana Saalfeld
  • Diego Martins Pires
  • Jessica Ribeiro Pereira
  • Carine Dahl Corcini
  • Elton Pinto Colares
Research Article


Triphenyltin (TPT) is an organotin compound (OT), primarily used in agriculture and in the composition of antifouling paints for ships worldwide. Studies have showed its effects as an endocrine disrupter in several organisms by preventing enzymatic expression and causing reproductive toxicity. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exposure to TPT, via breastfeeding, on reproductive physiology in the Calomys laucha species. The experimental design was compound of five groups, two controls and three with different doses of TPT. Moreover, females were exposed by gavage to the TPT for 20 days, from the 1st day postpartum to the 21st postnatal day (PND). Then, the pups were euthanized and the kinetics, organelles, and biochemistry of the sperm were evaluated. The results presented a reduction in total motility in the groups exposed to TPT. Regarding cellular organelles analysis, a loss in membrane integrity was evidenced; the functionality of mitochondria showed diminution followed by increased acrosome reaction. In conclusion, the TPT causes alteration of the reproductive parameters, decreasing the activity and sperm quality in individuals exposed in the breastfeeding phase.


Triphenyltin TPT Breastfeeding Sperm activity Spermatic kinetics 


Compliance with ethical standards

All procedures were carried out in accordance with applicable standards and in the normative resolutions and guidelines of the National Council for Control of Animal Experimentation, approved by the Ethics Committee on Animal Use (CEUA-FURG) under the number Pq017 / 2014.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiane Ferreira de Castro
    • 1
  • Antônio Sergio Varela Junior
    • 2
  • Francine Ferreira Padilha
    • 3
  • Daniela Droppa-Almeida
    • 3
    Email author
  • Graciela Quintana Saalfeld
    • 1
  • Diego Martins Pires
    • 4
  • Jessica Ribeiro Pereira
    • 2
  • Carine Dahl Corcini
    • 4
  • Elton Pinto Colares
    • 2
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Fisiológicas Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Reprodução Animal Comparada- RAC, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia IndustrialUniversidade TiradentesAracajuBrazil
  4. 4.Reprodução Animal - Faculdade de VeterináriaUniversidade Federal de PelotasPelotasBrazil

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