Biodegradation of persistent environmental pollutants by Arthrobacter sp.
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Persistent environmental pollutants are a growing problem around the world. The effective control of the pollutants is of great significance for human health. Some microbes, especially Arthrobacter, can degrade pollutants into nontoxic substances in various ways. Here, we review the biological properties of Arthrobacter adapting to a variety of environmental stresses, including starvation, hypertonic and hypotonic condition, oxidative stress, heavy metal stress, and low-temperature stress. Furthermore, we categorized the Arthrobacter species that can degrade triazines, organophosphorus, alkaloids, benzene, and its derivatives. Metabolic pathways behind the various biodegradation processes are further discussed. This review will be a helpful reference for comprehensive utilization of Arthrobacter species to tackle environmental pollutants.
KeywordsArthrobacter Environmental stress Persistent environmental pollutants Biodegradation
This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31201959), the Shaanxi Province Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation and Research Project (2016NY-116), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Nos. 2452015036 and 2452015322).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article contains no studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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